logo - Photographs by Jacob Larsen and Nina Lundholm
Home | Literature | Log in
Diatoms | Haptophytes | Dinoflagellates | Raphidophyceans | Dictyochophyceans | Pelagophyceans | Cyanobacteria | Blacklist

HABs taxon details

Gambierdiscus toxicus R.Adachi & Y.Fukuyo, 1979

marine, fresh, terrestrial
Adachi R. & Fukuyo Y. 1979. The thecal structure of a marine toxic dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus gen. et sp. nov. collected in a ciguatera endemic area. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 45: 67-71., available online at https://doi.org/10.2331/suisan.45.67 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Ile Mangareva  
type locality contained in Ile Mangareva [details]
Harmful effect The taxonomy of the genus Gambierdiscus has undergone drastic changes and many reports of toxicity using the name...  
Harmful effect The taxonomy of the genus Gambierdiscus has undergone drastic changes and many reports of toxicity using the name Gambierdiscus toxicus have been shown to refer to other species. G. toxicus is, however, toxic, material with significant maitotoxicity as assessed by mouse bioassay has been found in Tahiti Lagoon (Kohli et al. 2015). Toxic material therefore probably also occurs elsewhere. [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2021). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Gambierdiscus toxicus R.Adachi & Y.Fukuyo, 1979. Accessed through: Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=233382 on 2021-06-17
Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Gambierdiscus toxicus R.Adachi & Y.Fukuyo, 1979. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=233382 on 2021-06-17
Date
action
by
2006-07-27 06:59:07Z
created
Camba Reu, Cibran
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z
checked
2008-11-21 08:21:07Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

original description Adachi R. & Fukuyo Y. 1979. The thecal structure of a marine toxic dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus gen. et sp. nov. collected in a ciguatera endemic area. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 45: 67-71., available online at https://doi.org/10.2331/suisan.45.67 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2020). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Murata M., Legrand A.M., Ishibashi Y., Fukui M. & Yasumoto T. 1990. Structures and configurations of ciguatoxin from the moray eel <i>Gymnothorax javanicus</i> and its likely precursor from the dinoflagellate <i>Gambierdiscus toxicus</i>. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112: 4380-4386. [details]   

additional source Satake M., Murata M. & Yasumoto T. 1993. The structure of CTX3C, a ciguatoxin congener isolated from cultured <i>Gambierdiscus toxicus</i>. Tetrahedron Lett. 34: 1975-1978. [details]   

additional source Yasumoto T. & Satake M. 1996. Chemistry, etiology and determination methods of ciguatera toxins. J. Toxicol. 15: 91-107.  [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Litaker, R.W., Vandersea, M.W., Faust, M.A., Kibler, S.R., Chinain, M., Holmes, M.J., Holland, W.C. & Tester, P.A. 2009. Taxonomy of <i>Gambierdiscus</i> including four new species, <i>Gambierdiscus caribaeus</i>, <i>Gambierdiscus carolianus</i>, <i>Gambierdiscus carpenteri</i> and <i>Gambierdiscus ruetzleri</i> (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae). Phycologia, 48: 344-90 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Lewis R.J. 2001. The changing face of ciguatera. Toxicon 39: 97-106., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/s0041-0101(00)00161-6 [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

ecology source Leles, S. G.; Mitra, A.; Flynn, K. J.; Tillmann, U.; Stoecker, D.; Jeong, H. J.; Burkholder, J.; Hansen, P. J.; Caron, D. A.; Glibert, P. M.; Hallegraeff, G.; Raven, J. A.; Sanders, R. W.; Zubkov, M. (2019). Sampling bias misrepresents the biogeographical significance of constitutive mixotrophs across global oceans. <em>Global Ecology and Biogeography.</em> 28(4): 418-428., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12853 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect The taxonomy of the genus Gambierdiscus has undergone drastic changes and many reports of toxicity using the name Gambierdiscus toxicus have been shown to refer to other species. G. toxicus is, however, toxic, material with significant maitotoxicity as assessed by mouse bioassay has been found in Tahiti Lagoon (Kohli et al. 2015). Toxic material therefore probably also occurs elsewhere. [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (134003C.jpg)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (134005C.jpg)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]


Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2021-06-17 · contact: Ø. Moestrup