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HABs name details

Prorocentrum maculosum M.A.Faust, 1993

232400  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:232400)

 unaccepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Faust M.A. 1993. Three new benthic species of Prorocentrum (Dinophyceae) from Twin Cays, Belize: P. maculosum sp. nov., P. foraminosum sp. nov. and P. formosum sp. nov. Phycologia 32: 410-418. [details]   
Type locality contained in Twin Cays  
type locality contained in Twin Cays [details]
Harmful effect Produces okadaic acid, causing Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) and Prorocentrolide B, a fast acting toxin (FAT).  
Harmful effect Produces okadaic acid, causing Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) and Prorocentrolide B, a fast acting toxin (FAT). [details]

status This species has been repeatedly misidentified as Prorocentrum concavum, e.g. in
Dickey et al. 1990. Toxicon 28: 371-377....  
status This species has been repeatedly misidentified as Prorocentrum concavum, e.g. in
Dickey et al. 1990. Toxicon 28: 371-377. (Fig. 1 in this article shows clearly Prorocentrum maculosum, not P. concavum as stated; see also Zhou & Fritz 1993 Phycologia 32: 444-450) and

Hu et al. 1992. J. Nat. Prod. 55: 1631-1637. (according to Quilliam et al. 1996. In: Harmful and Toxic Algal Blooms (Ed. by T. Yasumoto, Y. Oshima & Y. Fukuyo), pp. 289-292, IOC, UNESCO, Paris). [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2024). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Prorocentrum maculosum M.A.Faust, 1993. Accessed through: Lundholm, N.; Churro, C.; Escalera, L.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Mertens, K.; Moestrup, Ø.; Murray, S.; Tillmann, U.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=232400 on 2024-02-25
Lundholm, N.; Churro, C.; Escalera, L.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Mertens, K.; Moestrup, Ø.; Murray, S.; Tillmann, U.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Prorocentrum maculosum M.A.Faust, 1993. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=232400 on 2024-02-25
Date
action
by
2006-07-24 11:41:36Z
created
2008-11-21 08:21:07Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed
2021-04-17 12:06:45Z
changed

original description Faust M.A. 1993. Three new benthic species of Prorocentrum (Dinophyceae) from Twin Cays, Belize: P. maculosum sp. nov., P. foraminosum sp. nov. and P. formosum sp. nov. Phycologia 32: 410-418. [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2023). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> searched on YYYY-MM-DD., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

toxicology source Zhou J. & Fritz L. 1994. Okadaic acid antibody localizes to chloroplasts in DSP-toxin producing dinoflagellates <i>Prorocentrum lima</i> and <i>Prorocentrum maculosum</i>. Phycologia 33: 455-461. [details]   

toxicology source Hu T., deFreitas A.S.W., Curtis J.M., Oshima Y., Walter J.A. & Wright J.L.C. 1996. Isolation and structure of Prorocentrolide-B, a fast-acting toxin from <i>Prorocentrum maculosum</i>. J. Nat. Prod. 59: 1010-1014. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From regional or thematic species database
Biology in sediment and floating detritus in mangrove habitats [details]

Harmful effect Produces okadaic acid, causing Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) and Prorocentrolide B, a fast acting toxin (FAT). [details]

status This species has been repeatedly misidentified as Prorocentrum concavum, e.g. in
Dickey et al. 1990. Toxicon 28: 371-377. (Fig. 1 in this article shows clearly Prorocentrum maculosum, not P. concavum as stated; see also Zhou & Fritz 1993 Phycologia 32: 444-450) and

Hu et al. 1992. J. Nat. Prod. 55: 1631-1637. (according to Quilliam et al. 1996. In: Harmful and Toxic Algal Blooms (Ed. by T. Yasumoto, Y. Oshima & Y. Fukuyo), pp. 289-292, IOC, UNESCO, Paris). [details]

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