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HABs taxon details

Prorocentrum mexicanum Osorio-Tafall, 1942

231885  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:231885)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Harmful effect P. mexicanum is included in Lassus et al.(2016) as harmful. It is mentioned as producing haemolytic toxins of unknown...  
Harmful effect P. mexicanum is included in Lassus et al.(2016) as harmful. It is mentioned as producing haemolytic toxins of unknown nature. However, as the material on which this information is based is benthic, it is likely that the information relates to Prorocentrum rhathymum, not P. mexicanum.
Lassus et al. (2016) further mention that P. mexicanum produces FAT. However, the information referred to is from a congress abstract and the organism was not identified further. Its identity is therefore somewhat uncertain (Tindall et al. 1981).
True P. mexicanum needs to be refound and its harmful potential to be re-examined. [details]

Taxonomy The species was suggested by Gomez et al. (2017) to be a synonym of Prorocentrum mexicanum. However, the two species...  
Taxonomy The species was suggested by Gomez et al. (2017) to be a synonym of Prorocentrum mexicanum. However, the two species differ in both morphology and ecology. P. rhathymum is a benthic marine dinoflagellate with a characteristic pattern of trichocyst pores on the thecal plates, some of which are arranged in radiating lines towards the lateral sides. P. mexicanum is from the marine phytoplankton and it is unclear from the original description whether it has radiating lines of trichocyst pores (likely not), the pores are scattered on thecal surface. See Hoppenrath et al. (2014) for further information on P. rhathymum. Further studies of the species complex (P. mexicanum, P. rhathymum, P. steidingeae) are needed to clarify species delimitations and synonymy. [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2021). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Prorocentrum mexicanum Osorio-Tafall, 1942. Accessed through: Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=231885 on 2022-11-28
Lundholm, N.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Mertens, K.; Moestrup, Ø.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Prorocentrum mexicanum Osorio-Tafall, 1942. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=231885 on 2022-11-28
Date
action
by
2006-07-13 10:06:39Z
created
2006-07-24 06:50:08Z
changed
2012-10-23 12:06:30Z
checked
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2022). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> searched on YYYY-MM-DD., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 6 (2): 63-118., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273213810_Annotated_list_of_marine_alien_species_in_the_Mediterranean_with_records_of_the_worst_invasive_species [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Zenetos, A.; Meriç, E.; Verlaque, M.; Galli, P.; Boudouresque, C.-F.; Giangrande, A.; Cinar, M.; Bilecenoglu, M. (2008). Additions to the annotated list of marine alien biota in the Mediterranean with special emphasis on Foraminifera and Parasites. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 9(1): 119-165., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.146 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect P. mexicanum is included in Lassus et al.(2016) as harmful. It is mentioned as producing haemolytic toxins of unknown nature. However, as the material on which this information is based is benthic, it is likely that the information relates to Prorocentrum rhathymum, not P. mexicanum.
Lassus et al. (2016) further mention that P. mexicanum produces FAT. However, the information referred to is from a congress abstract and the organism was not identified further. Its identity is therefore somewhat uncertain (Tindall et al. 1981).
True P. mexicanum needs to be refound and its harmful potential to be re-examined. [details]

Taxonomy The species was suggested by Gomez et al. (2017) to be a synonym of Prorocentrum mexicanum. However, the two species differ in both morphology and ecology. P. rhathymum is a benthic marine dinoflagellate with a characteristic pattern of trichocyst pores on the thecal plates, some of which are arranged in radiating lines towards the lateral sides. P. mexicanum is from the marine phytoplankton and it is unclear from the original description whether it has radiating lines of trichocyst pores (likely not), the pores are scattered on thecal surface. See Hoppenrath et al. (2014) for further information on P. rhathymum. Further studies of the species complex (P. mexicanum, P. rhathymum, P. steidingeae) are needed to clarify species delimitations and synonymy. [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (002004.jpg)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
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To NMNH Extant Collection (002005.jpg)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]


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