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HABs taxon details

Prorocentrum mexicanum Osorio-Tafall, 1942

231885  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:231885)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Harmful effect P. mexicanum is included in Lassus et al.(2016) as harmful. It is mentioned as producing haemolytic toxins of unknown...  
Harmful effect P. mexicanum is included in Lassus et al.(2016) as harmful. It is mentioned as producing haemolytic toxins of unknown nature. However, as the material on which this information is based is benthic, it is likely that the information relates to Prorocentrum rhathymum, not P. mexicanum.
Lassus et al. (2016) further mention that P. mexicanum produces FAT. However, the information referred to is from a congress abstract and the organism was not identified further. Its identity is therefore somewhat uncertain (Tindall et al. 1981).
True P. mexicanum needs to be refound and its harmful potential to be re-examined. [details]

Taxonomy The species was suggested by Gomez et al. (2017) to be a synonym of Prorocentrum mexicanum . However, the two species...  
Taxonomy The species was suggested by Gomez et al. (2017) to be a synonym of Prorocentrum mexicanum . However, the two species differ in both morphology and ecology. P. rhathymum is a benthic marine dinoflagellate with a characteristic pattern of trichocyst pores on the valves, some of which are arranged in radiating lines towards the lateral sides. P. mexicanum is from the marine phytoplankton and has no radiating lines of trichocyst pores, the pores are scattered on the valve surface. See Hoppenrath et al. (2014) for further information on P. rhathymum[details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2021). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Prorocentrum mexicanum Osorio-Tafall, 1942. Accessed through: Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=231885 on 2021-06-17
Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Prorocentrum mexicanum Osorio-Tafall, 1942. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=231885 on 2021-06-17
Date
action
by
2006-07-13 10:06:39Z
created
2006-07-24 06:50:08Z
changed
2012-10-23 12:06:30Z
checked
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 6 (2): 63-118., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273213810_Annotated_list_of_marine_alien_species_in_the_Mediterranean_with_records_of_the_worst_invasive_species [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Zenetos, A.; Meriç, E.; Verlaque, M.; Galli, P.; Boudouresque, C.-F.; Giangrande, A.; Cinar, M.; Bilecenoglu, M. (2008). Additions to the annotated list of marine alien biota in the Mediterranean with special emphasis on Foraminifera and Parasites. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 9(1): 119-165., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.146 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2020). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect P. mexicanum is included in Lassus et al.(2016) as harmful. It is mentioned as producing haemolytic toxins of unknown nature. However, as the material on which this information is based is benthic, it is likely that the information relates to Prorocentrum rhathymum, not P. mexicanum.
Lassus et al. (2016) further mention that P. mexicanum produces FAT. However, the information referred to is from a congress abstract and the organism was not identified further. Its identity is therefore somewhat uncertain (Tindall et al. 1981).
True P. mexicanum needs to be refound and its harmful potential to be re-examined. [details]

Taxonomy The species was suggested by Gomez et al. (2017) to be a synonym of Prorocentrum mexicanum . However, the two species differ in both morphology and ecology. P. rhathymum is a benthic marine dinoflagellate with a characteristic pattern of trichocyst pores on the valves, some of which are arranged in radiating lines towards the lateral sides. P. mexicanum is from the marine phytoplankton and has no radiating lines of trichocyst pores, the pores are scattered on the valve surface. See Hoppenrath et al. (2014) for further information on P. rhathymum[details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (002004.jpg)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (002005.jpg)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]


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