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HABs taxon details

Prymnesium parvum N.Carter, 1937

160564  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:160564)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Carter N. 1937. New or interesting algae from brackish water. Arch. Protistemk. 90: 1-68. [details]   
Type locality contained in Wright Island  
type locality contained in Wright Island [details]
Distribution Prymnesium parvum appears to be distributed almost globally, typically in brackish waters  
Distribution Prymnesium parvum appears to be distributed almost globally, typically in brackish waters [details]

Harmful effect Mortality of fish, tadpoles and gill-breathing invertebrates. For effects of toxins on microalgae, see Skovgaard, A. &...  
Harmful effect Mortality of fish, tadpoles and gill-breathing invertebrates. For effects of toxins on microalgae, see Skovgaard, A. & Hansen, P.J. (2003). Based on the experience from the USA and elsewhere toxic blooms resulting in fish kills appear to occur at a window of salinity: below a salinity of ca 0.5 blooms are rare and above a salinity of around 12 blooms usually do not occur (Roelke et al. 2016) . The spreading of blooms in freshwater lakes and rivers in drier parts of the USA since the mid 1980s may be related to an increase in salinities in the waters following several years of drought (Roelke et al. 2016) [details]

Identification There are two morphological types of this species, known as f. parvum and f. patelliferum. They differ in details of the...  
Identification There are two morphological types of this species, known as f. parvum and f. patelliferum. They differ in details of the scaly covering on the cells, which in both types belong to two types of elliptical scales. It has been hypothesized that they represent different stages of the life cycle (Larsen & Edvardsen 1998). In f. parvum one scale type bears more or less concentric fibres on the distal surface , while f. paftelliferum lacks such fibrils. Identification requires transmission electron microscopy. [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2021). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Prymnesium parvum N.Carter, 1937. Accessed through: Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=160564 on 2022-05-21
Lundholm, N.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Mertens, K.; Moestrup, Ø.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Prymnesium parvum N.Carter, 1937. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=160564 on 2022-05-21
Date
action
by
2005-06-17 10:15:26Z
created
2008-11-21 08:21:07Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

original description Carter N. 1937. New or interesting algae from brackish water. Arch. Protistemk. 90: 1-68. [details]   

basis of record TMAP - Trilateral Monitoring and Assessment Program database, available online at http://www.waddensea-secretariat.org/TMAP/Monitoring.html [details]   

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2022). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> searched on YYYY-MM-DD., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Igarashi T., Satake M. & Yasumoto T. 1999. Structures and partial stereochemical assignments for prymnesin-1 and prymnesin-2: potent hemolytic and ichthyotoxic glycosides isolated from the red tide alga <i>Prymnesium parvum</i>. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121: 8499-8511., available online at https://doi.org/10.1021/ja991740e [details]   

additional source Kaartvedt S., Johnsen T.M., Aksnes D.L & Lie U. 1991. Occurrence of the toxic phytoflagellate <i>Prymnesium parvum</i> and associated fish mortality in a Norwegian fjord system. Can. J. Fish. Aquat Sci. 48: 2316-2323. [details]   

additional source Moestrup Ø. 1994. Economic aspects: 'blooms', nuisance species, and toxins. In: <i>The Haptophyte Algae</i> (Ed. by J.C. Green & B.S.C. Leadbeater), pp. 265-285. Clarendon Press, Oxford. [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Campbell, P.H. (1973). Studies on brackish water phytoplankton. UNC.SG.73.07. pp. 1-406. Chapel Hill: Sea Grant Publications, University of North Carolina. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

ecology source Leles, S. G.; Mitra, A.; Flynn, K. J.; Tillmann, U.; Stoecker, D.; Jeong, H. J.; Burkholder, J.; Hansen, P. J.; Caron, D. A.; Glibert, P. M.; Hallegraeff, G.; Raven, J. A.; Sanders, R. W.; Zubkov, M. (2019). Sampling bias misrepresents the biogeographical significance of constitutive mixotrophs across global oceans. <em>Global Ecology and Biogeography.</em> 28(4): 418-428., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12853 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From regional or thematic species database
Distribution Prymnesium parvum appears to be distributed almost globally, typically in brackish waters [details]

Harmful effect Mortality of fish, tadpoles and gill-breathing invertebrates. For effects of toxins on microalgae, see Skovgaard, A. & Hansen, P.J. (2003). Based on the experience from the USA and elsewhere toxic blooms resulting in fish kills appear to occur at a window of salinity: below a salinity of ca 0.5 blooms are rare and above a salinity of around 12 blooms usually do not occur (Roelke et al. 2016) . The spreading of blooms in freshwater lakes and rivers in drier parts of the USA since the mid 1980s may be related to an increase in salinities in the waters following several years of drought (Roelke et al. 2016) [details]

Identification There are two morphological types of this species, known as f. parvum and f. patelliferum. They differ in details of the scaly covering on the cells, which in both types belong to two types of elliptical scales. It has been hypothesized that they represent different stages of the life cycle (Larsen & Edvardsen 1998). In f. parvum one scale type bears more or less concentric fibres on the distal surface , while f. paftelliferum lacks such fibrils. Identification requires transmission electron microscopy. [details]

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