basis of recordWatling, L. (2001). Cumacea, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 308-310 (look up in IMIS) [details]
additional sourceMartin, J.W., & Davis, G.E. (2001). An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. <em>Science Series, 39. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA (USA).</em> 124 pp. (look up in IMIS) [details] Available for editors
additional sourceZimmer, C. (1933). Cumacea. <i>The fauna of the North Sea and Baltic</i>, 23(10.g4). Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft: Leipzig, Germany. 70-120 pp. (look up in IMIS) [details]
Present Inaccurate Introduced: alien Containing type locality
From other sources
No free telson.
Uropod inner ramus one or two-articulate.
Male pleopods, 5 pairs, occasionally 3, 2, or 0 pairs, with process on the outer edge of the inner ramus.
Pleural folds nearly always present on the abdomen of the male.
Number of free thoracic somites frequently reduced.
Exopods on maxillipeds and at least pereopod 1, but may occur on pereopods in the following combinations: in the male, 4 or 1, occasionally 2 or 3 fully developed pairs, 1 + 2 rudimentary, 2 + 2 rudimentary, or 3 + 1 rudimentary; in the female, 3 or 1, occasionally 2 fully developed pairs, 3 + 1 rudimentary, 2 + 2 rudimentary, 2 + 1 rudimentary, or 1 + 2 rudimentary.
Mandible naviculoid, with large section dorsal to molar.
Branchial apparatus without gill plates or supports.