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WoRMS taxon details

Phascolosoma Leuckart, 1828

136029  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:136029)

accepted
Genus
Phascolosomum Diesing, 1851 · unaccepted (unjustified spelling emendation...)  
unjustified spelling emendation of Phascolosoma Leuckart, 1828
Phymosoma (Quatrefages, 1865) · unaccepted (spelling variation)
Phymosomum Quatrefages, 1865 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physconosoma Bather, 1901 · unaccepted (synonym)
Prophymosoma Lambert, 1899 · unaccepted (synonym)

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  1. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Aspidosiphon)
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Aspidosiphon) elegans (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) accepted as Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) elegans (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (subsequent combination)
  2. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Fisherana) (Stephen, 1965)
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Fisherana) capitatum (Gerould, 1913)
    2. Species Phascolosoma (Fisherana) lobostomum Fischer, 1894
  3. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) Leuckart, 1828
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii Keferstein, 1866
    2. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) albolineatum (Baird, 1868)
    3. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) annulatum (Hutton, 1879)
    4. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) arcuatum (Gray, 1828)
    5. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) azteca Gómez-Vásquez, 2024
    6. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) glabrum (Sluiter, 1902)
    7. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart, 1828
    8. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) maculatum (Sluiter, 1886)
    9. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) meteori (Hérubel, 1904)
    10. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865)
    11. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) noduliferum Stimpson, 1855
    12. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) pacificum Keferstein, 1866
    13. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) parvum Chen, 1963
    14. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) perlucens Baird, 1868
    15. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) saprophagicum Gibbs, 1987
    16. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883)
    17. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) sinense Chen, 1963
    18. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) stephensoni (Stephen, 1942)
    19. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) turnerae Rice, 1985
    20. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) abyssorum (Southern, 1913) accepted as Phascolosoma (Fisherana) capitatum (Gerould, 1913) (subsequent combination)
    21. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii Stephen & Edmonds, 1972 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866
    22. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) ambonense (Fischer, 1896) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) arcuatum (Gray, 1828) (subsequent combination)
    23. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) deani (Ikeda, 1905) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) arcuatum (Gray, 1828) (subsequent combination)
    24. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) diaphanes (Sluiter, 1886) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (subsequent combination)
    25. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) dunwichi Edmonds, 1956 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (subsequent combination)
    26. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) esculenta (Chen & Yeh, 1958) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) arcuatum (Gray, 1828) (spelling variation)
    27. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) esculentum (Chen & Yeh, 1958) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) arcuatum (Gray, 1828) (synonym)
    28. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) evisceratum (Lanchester, 1905) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (subsequent combination)
    29. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) extortum (Sluiter, 1902) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (subsequent combination)
    30. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) formosense (Satô, 1939) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (subsequent combination)
    31. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) funafutiense (Fischer, 1914) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) glabrum glabrum (Sluiter, 1902) (synonym)
    32. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) glaucum (Satô, 1930) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (subsequent combination)
    33. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum [sensu Murina, 1981] accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) stephensoni (Stephen, 1942) (dubious record, under investigation, usage source missing)
    34. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) heronis Edmonds, 1956 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) stephensoni (Stephen, 1942) (subsequent combination)
    35. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) japonicum Grube, 1877 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (subsequent combination)
    36. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) kapalum Edmonds, 1985 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) turnerae Rice, 1985 (synonym)
    37. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) kurilense (Satô, 1937) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii kurilense (Satô, 1937) (subsequent combination)
    38. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) lacteum (Sluiter, 1886) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (subsequent combination)
    39. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) microdontoton (Sluiter, 1886) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) albolineatum (Baird, 1868) (subsequent combination)
    40. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) multiannulatum Wesenberg-Lund, 1954 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) glabrum multiannulatum (Wesenberg-Lund, 1954) (synonym)
    41. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) psaron (Sluiter, 1886) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (subsequent combination)
    42. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) puntarenae Grube, 1858 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (subsequent combination)
    43. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) riukiuensis Murina, 1975 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (synonym)
    44. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) rottnesti Edmonds, 1956 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (subsequent combination)
    45. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) socium (Lanchester, 1905) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (subsequent combination)
    46. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) spengeli (Sluiter, 1886) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (subsequent combination)
    47. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) spongicolum (Sluiter, 1902) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (subsequent combination)
    48. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) thomense (Augener, 1903) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) perlucens Baird, 1868 (subsequent combination)
    49. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) vermiculus (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) perlucens Baird, 1868 (subsequent combination)
    50. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) yezoense (Ikeda, 1924) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (subsequent combination)
    51. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) glabrum Stephen & Edmonds, 1972 represented as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) glabrum glabrum (Sluiter, 1902)
    52. Species Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) varians Keferstein, 1865 represented as Phascolosoma varians Keferstein, 1865
  4. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Rueppellisoma)
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Rueppellisoma) gaudens (Lanchester, 1905) accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
    2. Species Phascolosoma (Rueppellisoma) golikovi Murina, 1975 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (synonym)
    3. Species Phascolosoma (Rueppellisoma) nahaense (Ikeda, 1904) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (subsequent combination)
    4. Species Phascolosoma (Rueppellisoma) onomichianum (Ikeda, 1904) accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
    5. Species Phascolosoma (Rueppellisoma) simile (Chen & Yeh, 1958) accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
    6. Species Phascolosoma (Rueppellisoma) weldonii (Shipley, 1892) accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
  5. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Sipunculus)
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Sipunculus) eremita (Sars, 1851) accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) eremita (Sars, 1851) (subsequent combination)
    2. Species Phascolosoma (Sipunculus) margaritaceum (Sars, 1851) accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (subsequent combination)
    3. Species Phascolosoma (Sipunculus) papillosus Koren & Danielssen, 1876 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (synonym)
    4. Species Phascolosoma (Sipunculus) strombi (Montagu, 1804) accepted as Phascolion (Phascolion) strombus strombus (Montagu, 1804) (subsequent combination)
    5. Species Phascolosoma (Sipunculus) vulgare (de Blainville, 1827) accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (subsequent combination)
  6. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Syrinx)
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Syrinx) harveii (Forbes, 1841) accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (subsequent combination)
  7. Species Phascolosoma lankesteri McIntosh, 1922
  8. Species Phascolosoma varians Keferstein, 1865
  9. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Aedematosomum) (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Antillesoma Stephen & Edmonds, 1972 (synonym)
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Aedematosomum) antillarum Grube, 1858 accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
  10. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Antillesoma) Stephen & Edmonds, 1972 accepted as Antillesoma Stephen & Edmonds, 1972 (unaccepted > superseded rank, rank upgrade to genus)
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Antillesoma) antillarum Grube, 1858 accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
    2. Species Phascolosoma (Antillesoma) asser (Selenka & De Man, 1883) accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
    3. Species Phascolosoma (Antillesoma) horsti (ten Broeke, 1925) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (subsequent combination)
    4. Species Phascolosoma (Antillesoma) microdentigerum (ten Broeke, 1925) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) perlucens Baird, 1868 (subsequent combination)
    5. Species Phascolosoma (Antillesoma) minutum (ten Broeke, 1925) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (subsequent combination)
    6. Species Phascolosoma (Antillesoma) pelmum (Selenka & De Man, 1883) accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
    7. Species Phascolosoma (Antillesoma) schmidti Murina, 1975 accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (synonym)
  11. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Edmondsius) Gibbs & Cutler, 1987 accepted as Apionsoma (Edmondsius) Gibbs & Cutler, 1987 (unaccepted > superseded combination, reclassification of a subgenus)
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Edmondsius) pectinatum Keferstein, 1867 accepted as Apionsoma (Edmondsius) pectinatum (Keferstein, 1867) (unaccepted > superseded combination, superseded subsequent combination)
  12. Subgenus Phascolosoma (Satonus) Stephen & Edmonds, 1972 accepted as Apionsoma (Edmondsius) Gibbs & Cutler, 1987 (synonym)
    1. Species Phascolosoma (Satonus) duplicigranulatum (Sluiter, 1886) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (subsequent combination)
    2. Species Phascolosoma (Satonus) hebes (Sluiter, 1902) accepted as Siphonosoma cumanense (Keferstein, 1867) (subsequent combination)
    3. Species Phascolosoma (Satonus) maculatum (Sluiter, 1886) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) maculatum (Sluiter, 1886) (subsequent combination)
    4. Species Phascolosoma (Satonus) pectinatum Keferstein, 1867 accepted as Apionsoma (Edmondsius) pectinatum (Keferstein, 1867) (unaccepted > superseded combination, superseded subsequent combination)
  13. Species Phascolosoma abnormis Sluiter, 1886 accepted as Apionsoma (Edmondsius) pectinatum (Keferstein, 1867) (synonym)
  14. Species Phascolosoma abyssorum Koren & Danielssen, 1876 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) abyssorum abyssorum (Koren & Danielssen, 1876) (basionym)
  15. Species Phascolosoma aethiops Baird, 1868 accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (synonym)
  16. Species Phascolosoma albidum Théel, 1875 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  17. Species Phascolosoma albo-lineatum Baird, 1868 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) albolineatum (Baird, 1868) (basionym)
  18. Species Phascolosoma anceps Théel, 1905 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) minutum (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
  19. Species Phascolosoma andamanensis Johnson, 1971 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) albolineatum (Baird, 1868) (synonym)
  20. Species Phascolosoma anderssoni Théel, 1911 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) anderssoni (Théel, 1911) (basionym)
  21. Species Phascolosoma antarcticum Michaelsen, 1889 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  22. Species Phascolosoma antillarum Grube, 1858 accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (basionym)
  23. Species Phascolosoma appendiculatum Satô, 1934 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) muricaudata (Southern, 1913) (synonym)
  24. Species Phascolosoma asperum Grube, 1868 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) pacificum Keferstein, 1866 (synonym)
  25. Species Phascolosoma aspidosiphonoides Fischer, 1922 accepted as Nephasoma (Cutlerensis) rutilofuscum (Fischer, 1916) (synonym)
  26. Species Phascolosoma asser (Selenka & De Man, 1883) accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
  27. Species Phascolosoma australe Keferstein, 1865 accepted as Siphonosoma australe australe (Keferstein, 1865) (unaccepted > superseded combination, superseded original combination)
  28. Species Phascolosoma benhami Stephen, 1948 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) abyssorum benhami (Stephen, 1948) (basionym)
  29. Species Phascolosoma bernhardus (Forbes, 1841) accepted as Phascolion (Phascolion) strombus strombus (Montagu, 1804) (subsequent combination)
  30. Species Phascolosoma boreale (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) eremita (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  31. Species Phascolosoma bulbosum Southern, 1913 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) bulbosum (Southern, 1913) (basionym)
  32. Species Phascolosoma capense Teuscher, 1874 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) capensis (Teuscher, 1874) (basionym)
  33. Species Phascolosoma capsiforme Baird, 1868 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  34. Species Phascolosoma carneum Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (synonym)
  35. Species Phascolosoma catharinae Grube, 1868 accepted as Thysanocardia procera (Möbius, 1875) (basionym)
  36. Species Phascolosoma charcoti Hérubel, 1906 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) elongata (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
  37. Species Phascolosoma charkoti Hérubel, 1906 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) elongata (Keferstein, 1862) (spelling variation)
  38. Species Phascolosoma cinctum Gerould, 1913 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes diaphanes (Gerould, 1913) (synonym)
  39. Species Phascolosoma cinereum Gerould, 1913 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) pellucidum pellucidum (Keferstein, 1865) (synonym)
  40. Species Phascolosoma cluthensis Stephen, 1931 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) elongata (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
  41. Species Phascolosoma cochlearium (Valenciennes, 1854) accepted as Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) muelleri muelleri Diesing, 1851 (subsequent combination)
  42. Species Phascolosoma coementarium (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Phascolion (Phascolion) strombus strombus (Montagu, 1804) (subsequent combination)
  43. Species Phascolosoma commune (Quatrefages, 1850) accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (subsequent combination)
  44. Species Phascolosoma concharum Örsted, 1844 accepted as Phascolion (Phascolion) strombus strombus (Montagu, 1804) (synonym)
  45. Species Phascolosoma confusa Sluiter, 1902 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) confusum (Sluiter, 1902) (basionym)
  46. Species Phascolosoma constrictum Southern, 1913 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) constrictum (Southern, 1913) (basionym)
  47. Species Phascolosoma cumanense Keferstein, 1867 accepted as Siphonosoma cumanense (Keferstein, 1867) (basionym)
  48. Species Phascolosoma cylindratum Keferstein, 1865 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) elongata (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
  49. Species Phascolosoma delagei Hérubel, 1903 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) elongata (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
  50. Species Phascolosoma dentigerum (Selenka & De Man, 1883) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) perlucens Baird, 1868 (subsequent combination)
  51. Species Phascolosoma derjugini Gadd, 1911 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) elongata (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
  52. Species Phascolosoma diaphanes Gerould, 1913 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes diaphanes (Gerould, 1913) (basionym)
  53. Species Phascolosoma digitatum Théel, 1875 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) eremita (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  54. Species Phascolosoma dubium Théel, 1875 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (synonym)
  55. Species Phascolosoma dunwichi Edmonds, 1956 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (synonym)
  56. Species Phascolosoma elongatum Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) elongata (Keferstein, 1862) (basionym)
  57. Species Phascolosoma eremita (Sars, 1851) accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) eremita (Sars, 1851) (subsequent combination)
  58. Species Phascolosoma esculenta (Chen & Yeh, 1958) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) arcuatum (Gray, 1828) (subsequent combination)
  59. Species Phascolosoma fasciatum Baird, 1868 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart, 1828 (synonym)
  60. Species Phascolosoma filiforme Sluiter, 1902 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) filiforme (Sluiter, 1902) (basionym)
  61. Species Phascolosoma flagriferum Selenka, 1885 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) flagriferum (Selenka, 1885) (basionym)
  62. Species Phascolosoma forbesi Baird, 1868 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) elongata (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
  63. Species Phascolosoma formosense (Satô, 1939) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (subsequent combination)
  64. Species Phascolosoma fulgens Théel, 1875 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  65. Species Phascolosoma fuscum Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (synonym)
  66. Species Phascolosoma fuscum Michaelsen, 1889 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  67. Species Phascolosoma georgianum Michaelsen, 1889 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  68. Species Phascolosoma glaciale (Danielssen & Koren, 1880) accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) lilljeborgi (Danielssen & Koren, 1880) (subsequent combination)
  69. Species Phascolosoma glans (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
  70. Species Phascolosoma glaucum Lanchester, 1905 accepted as Themiste (Lagenopsis) lageniformis (Baird, 1868) (synonym)
  71. Species Phascolosoma glossipapillosum Satô, 1934 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  72. Species Phascolosoma gouldii (De Pourtalès, 1851) accepted as Phascolopsis gouldii (De Pourtalès, 1851) (subsequent combination)
  73. Species Phascolosoma granulata [auctt. misspelling for granulatum] accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart, 1828 (Phascolosoma is a neuter genus, so 'granulata' is an unjustified emendation of the spelling of 'granulatum' )
  74. Species Phascolosoma grayi Baird, 1868 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) noduliferum Stimpson, 1855 (synonym)
  75. Species Phascolosoma guttatum (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & de Man, 1883) (subsequent combination)
  76. Species Phascolosoma hainanicum Chen, 1963 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) nigrescens (Keferstein, 1865) (synonym)
  77. Species Phascolosoma hamulatum Packard, 1866/69 accepted as Phascolion (Phascolion) strombus strombus (Montagu, 1804) (synonym)
  78. Species Phascolosoma hanseni (Danielssen & Koren, 1880) accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (subsequent combination)
  79. Species Phascolosoma harveii Baird, 1868 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (synonym)
  80. Species Phascolosoma harveyi (Forbes, 1841) accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (subsequent combination)
  81. Species Phascolosoma heronis Edmonds, 1956 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) stephensoni (Stephen, 1942) (synonym)
  82. Species Phascolosoma hespera Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Apionsoma (Apionsoma) misakianum (Ikeda, 1904) (synonym)
  83. Species Phascolosoma hozawai Satô, 1937 accepted as Thysanocardia nigra (Ikeda, 1904) (synonym)
  84. Species Phascolosoma hudsonianum Chamberlin, 1920 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) muricaudata (Southern, 1913) (synonym)
  85. Species Phascolosoma huttoni Benham, 1903 accepted as Themiste (Lagenopsis) minor huttoni (Benham, 1903) (basionym)
  86. Species Phascolosoma hyugensis Satô, 1934 accepted as Thysanocardia nigra (Ikeda, 1904) (synonym)
  87. Species Phascolosoma immodestum (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Antillesoma antillarum (Grube, 1858) (subsequent combination)
  88. Species Phascolosoma improvisum Théel, 1905 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) minutum (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
  89. Species Phascolosoma incompositum Sluiter, 1912 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) abyssorum abyssorum (Koren & Danielssen, 1876) (synonym)
  90. Species Phascolosoma iniquum Sluiter, 1912 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) iniqua (Sluiter, 1912) (basionym)
  91. Species Phascolosoma intermedium Southern, 1913 accepted as Phascolion (Phascolion) strombus strombus (Montagu, 1804) (synonym)
  92. Species Phascolosoma japonica Grube, 1877 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (subsequent combination)
  93. Species Phascolosoma japonicum Grube, 1877 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (synonym)
  94. Species Phascolosoma japonicum Ikeda, 1904 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851) (synonym)
  95. Species Phascolosoma javanense (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) pacificum Keferstein, 1866 (subsequent combination)
  96. Species Phascolosoma jeffreysii Baird, 1868 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart, 1828 (synonym)
  97. Species Phascolosoma johnstoni (Forbes, 1841) accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) minutum (Keferstein, 1862) (subsequent combination)
  98. Species Phascolosoma kolense Gadd, 1911 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (synonym)
  99. Species Phascolosoma laeve Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) stephensoni (Stephen, 1942) (synonym)
  100. Species Phascolosoma laeve (Cuvier, 1817) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart, 1828 (subsequent combination)
  101. Species Phascolosoma lilljeborgii Danielssen & Koren, 1880 accepted as Nephasoma (Nephasoma) lilljeborgi (Danielssen & Koren, 1880) (basionym)
  102. Species Phascolosoma lobostoma Fischer, 1894 accepted as Phascolosoma (Fisherana) lobostomum Fischer, 1894 (spelling variation)
  103. Species Phascolosoma longicolle Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (synonym)
  104. Species Phascolosoma lordi Baird, 1868 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (synonym)
  105. Species Phascolosoma lovénii Koren & Danielssen, 1876 accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart, 1828 (synonym)
  106. Species Phascolosoma lurco (Selenka & De Man, 1883) accepted as Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) arcuatum (Gray, 1828) (subsequent combination)
  107. Species Phascolosoma luteum Théel, 1875 accepted as Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (de Blainville, 1827) (synonym)
  108. Species Phascolosoma margaritaceum Keferstein, 1865 (unaccepted, synonym)
  109. Species Phascolosoma margaritaceum (Sars, 1851) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  110. Species Phascolosoma martensi Collin, 1901 (unaccepted, synonym)
  111. Species Phascolosoma mawsoni Benham, 1922 (unaccepted, synonym)
  112. Species Phascolosoma minutum Keferstein, 1862 (unaccepted, basionym)
  113. Species Phascolosoma misakianum Ikeda, 1904 (unaccepted, basionym)
  114. Species Phascolosoma mucidum Sluiter, 1902 (unaccepted, synonym)
  115. Species Phascolosoma multiannulata Wesenberg-Lund, 1954 (unaccepted, synonym)
  116. Species Phascolosoma multitorquatum (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  117. Species Phascolosoma muricaudatum Southern, 1913 (unaccepted > superseded combination, superseded original combination)
  118. Species Phascolosoma mutabile Southern, 1913 (unaccepted, synonym)
  119. Species Phascolosoma nigriceps Baird, 1868 (unaccepted, synonym)
  120. Species Phascolosoma nigrum Ikeda, 1904 (unaccepted, basionym)
  121. Species Phascolosoma nordenskjoldi Théel, 1911 (unaccepted, synonym)
  122. Species Phascolosoma noto Satô, 1934 (unaccepted, synonym)
  123. Species Phascolosoma novaezealandiae Benham, 1904 (unaccepted > superseded combination, superseded original combination)
  124. Species Phascolosoma obscurum (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  125. Species Phascolosoma obscurum (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  126. Species Phascolosoma oerstedii (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  127. Species Phascolosoma ohlini Théel, 1911 (unaccepted, synonym)
  128. Species Phascolosoma okinoseanum Ikeda, 1904 (unaccepted, synonym)
  129. Species Phascolosoma onagawa Satô, 1937 (unaccepted, synonym)
  130. Species Phascolosoma onomichianum (Ikeda, 1904) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  131. Species Phascolosoma orbiniense (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, synonym)
  132. Species Phascolosoma owstoni Ikeda, 1904 (unaccepted, synonym)
  133. Species Phascolosoma oxyurum Baird, 1868 (unaccepted, synonym)
  134. Species Phascolosoma pallidum Koren & Danielssen, 1876 (unaccepted, synonym)
  135. Species Phascolosoma papillosum (Thompson, 1840) (unaccepted, spelling variation)
  136. Species Phascolosoma papillosum Koren & Danielssen, 1876 (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  137. Species Phascolosoma pavlenkoi Ostroumov, 1909 (unaccepted, synonym)
  138. Species Phascolosoma pectinatum Keferstein, 1867 (unaccepted > superseded combination, superseded original combination)
  139. Species Phascolosoma pellucidum Keferstein, 1865 (unaccepted, synonym)
  140. Species Phascolosoma pelma (Selenka & De Man, 1883) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  141. Species Phascolosoma pelmum (Selenka & De Man, 1883) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  142. Species Phascolosoma planispinosum Baird, 1868 (unaccepted, synonym)
  143. Species Phascolosoma plicatum (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  144. Species Phascolosoma prioki Sluiter, 1881 (unaccepted, synonym)
  145. Species Phascolosoma procerum Möbius, 1875 (unaccepted, basionym)
  146. Species Phascolosoma procerum Gerould, 1913 (unaccepted, synonym)
  147. Species Phascolosoma profundum Roule, 1898 (unaccepted, synonym)
  148. Species Phascolosoma pudicum Selenka, 1885 (unaccepted, synonym)
  149. Species Phascolosoma puntarena Grube, 1858 (unaccepted, spelling variation)
  150. Species Phascolosoma puntarenae Grube, 1858 (unaccepted, synonym)
  151. Species Phascolosoma pusillum Sluiter, 1912 (unaccepted, synonym)
  152. Species Phascolosoma pyriformis Lanchester, 1905 (unaccepted, synonym)
  153. Species Phascolosoma radiata Alder, 1860 (unaccepted, synonym)
  154. Species Phascolosoma rapa (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  155. Species Phascolosoma rhizophora Sluiter, 1891 (unaccepted, synonym)
  156. Species Phascolosoma riisei Keferstein, 1865 (unaccepted, synonym)
  157. Species Phascolosoma rottnesti Edmonds, 1956 (unaccepted, synonym)
  158. Species Phascolosoma rugosum Southern, 1913 (unaccepted, synonym)
  159. Species Phascolosoma sabellariae Théel, 1905 (unaccepted, synonym)
  160. Species Phascolosoma sanderi Collin, 1892 (unaccepted, synonym)
  161. Species Phascolosoma schüttei Augener, 1903 (unaccepted, basionym)
  162. Species Phascolosoma scutatum (Müller, 1844) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  163. Species Phascolosoma semirugosum Grube, 1868 (unaccepted, synonym)
  164. Species Phascolosoma semperi Selenka & De Man in Selenka, de Man & Bülow, 1883 (unaccepted, synonym)
  165. Species Phascolosoma signum Satô, 1934 (unaccepted, synonym)
  166. Species Phascolosoma similis (Chen & Yeh, 1958) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  167. Species Phascolosoma sluiteri ten Broeke, 1925 (unaccepted, synonym)
  168. Species Phascolosoma socium Lanchester, 1908 (unaccepted, synonym)
  169. Species Phascolosoma solitarium Sluiter, 1912 (unaccepted, synonym)
  170. Species Phascolosoma soyo Satô, 1934 (unaccepted, synonym)
  171. Species Phascolosoma spinicauda (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  172. Species Phascolosoma spinosum Johnson, 1971 (unaccepted, synonym)
  173. Species Phascolosoma squamatum Koren & Danielssen, 1876 (unaccepted, basionym)
  174. Species Phascolosoma strombi (Montagu, 1804) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  175. Species Phascolosoma subhamatum Sluiter, 1902 (unaccepted, basionym)
  176. Species Phascolosoma tasmaniense (Fischer, 1914) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  177. Species Phascolosoma tenuicinctum Baird, 1868 (unaccepted, synonym)
  178. Species Phascolosoma teres Hutton, 1903 (unaccepted, synonym)
  179. Species Phascolosoma thomense (Augener, 1903) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  180. Species Phascolosoma truncatum Keferstein, 1867 (unaccepted, synonym)
  181. Species Phascolosoma trybomi Théel, 1905 (unaccepted, synonym)
  182. Species Phascolosoma tubicola Verrill, 1873 (unaccepted, synonym)
  183. Species Phascolosoma uncatum Chen, 1963 (unaccepted, synonym)
  184. Species Phascolosoma validum Théel, 1875 (unaccepted, synonym)
  185. Species Phascolosoma vermiculum (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  186. Species Phascolosoma verrillii Gerould, 1908 (unaccepted, synonym)
  187. Species Phascolosoma verrucosum (Cuvier, 1817) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  188. Species Phascolosoma violaceum (Quatrefages, 1865) (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  189. Species Phascolosoma vulgare Keferstein, 1862 (unaccepted, subsequent combination)
  190. Species Phascolosoma vulgare (de Blainville, 1827) (unaccepted, spelling variation)
  191. Species Phascolosoma vulgari (de Blainville, 1827) (unaccepted, spelling variation)
  192. Species Phascolosoma wasini Lanchester, 1905 (unaccepted, synonym)
  193. Species Phascolosoma zenibakense Ikeda, 1924 (unaccepted, synonym)
  194. Species Phascolosoma agassizii Keferstein, 1866 (alternative representation)
  195. Species Phascolosoma albolineatum Baird, 1868 (alternative representation)
  196. Species Phascolosoma annulatum Hutton, 1879 (alternative representation)
  197. Species Phascolosoma arcuatum (Gray, 1828) (alternative representation)
  198. Species Phascolosoma granulatum Leuckart, 1828 (alternative representation)
  199. Species Phascolosoma meteori (Hérubel, 1904) (alternative representation)
  200. Species Phascolosoma nigrescens Keferstein, 1865 (alternative representation)
  201. Species Phascolosoma noduliferum Stimpson, 1855 (alternative representation)
  202. Species Phascolosoma pacificum Keferstein, 1866 (alternative representation)
  203. Species Phascolosoma parvum Chen, 1963 (alternative representation)
  204. Species Phascolosoma perlucens Baird, 1868 (alternative representation)
  205. Species Phascolosoma scolops (Selenka, 1883) (alternative representation)
  206. Species Phascolosoma sinense Chen, 1963 (alternative representation)
  207. Species Phascolosoma stephensoni (Stephen, 1942) (alternative representation)
  208. Species Phascolosoma turnerae Rice, 1985 (alternative representation)
  209. Species Phascolosoma corallicolum (ten Broeke, 1925) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
neuter
Leuckart, Friedrich Sigismund. (1828). Breves animalium quorundum maxima ex parte marinorum descriptiones. <em>[book, perhaps thesis].</em> Heidelberg, Osswald, 24 pp., available online at https://www.google.com/books/edition/Breves_animalium_quorundam_maxima_ex_par/ptxlAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 22, figure 5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Phascolosomum Diesing, 1851) Diesing, C. M. (1851). Systema Helminthum. Vol. II. Wilhelmum Braumüller, Vindobonae. vi + 588 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32506556
page(s): 63; note: gratuitous emendation of Leuckart's Phascolosoma to 'Phascolosomum' [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Read, G.; Saiz-Salinas, J. (2024). World Sipuncula Database. Phascolosoma Leuckart, 1828. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=136029 on 2024-07-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-27 07:06:07Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2009-08-07 05:54:56Z
changed
2020-07-28 13:19:24Z
changed
2022-04-13 10:02:07Z
changed
2022-06-12 22:27:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Leuckart, Friedrich Sigismund. (1828). Breves animalium quorundum maxima ex parte marinorum descriptiones. <em>[book, perhaps thesis].</em> Heidelberg, Osswald, 24 pp., available online at https://www.google.com/books/edition/Breves_animalium_quorundam_maxima_ex_par/ptxlAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 22, figure 5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Phascolosomum Diesing, 1851) Diesing, C. M. (1851). Systema Helminthum. Vol. II. Wilhelmum Braumüller, Vindobonae. vi + 588 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32506556
page(s): 63; note: gratuitous emendation of Leuckart's Phascolosoma to 'Phascolosomum' [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Cutler, Norma J.; Cutler, Edward B. (1990). A revision of the subgenus Phascolosoma (Sipuncula: Phascolosoma). <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 103(3) : 691-730., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34592151 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Schulze, A.; Boyle, M. J.; Kawauchi, G. Y.; Kerbl, A.; Worsaae, K. (2019). Sipuncula. Lobatocerebridae. <em>[Book chapter].</em> Chapter 6, p177-216 In: Handbook of Zoology [Annelida. Basal groups and Pleistoannelida, Sedentaria 1], edited by G. Purschke, M. Böggemann and W. Westheide. De Gruyter., available online at https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110291582-006 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source van der Land, J. (2001). Sipuncula, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 178-179 (look up in IMIS)
note: Checklist listing [details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at https://www.checklistbank.org/dataset/126539/about [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
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Japanese サメハダホシムシ属  [details]