Cetacea taxon details

Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781)

137092  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137092)

Balaena allamack Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena atlanticus Hurdis, 1897 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena boops Fabricius, 1780 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena gibbosa Gray, 1843 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena lalandii Fischer, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena longimana Rudolphi, 1832 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena nodosa Bonnaterre, 1789 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena novaeangliae Borowski, 1781 · unaccepted (basionym)
Balaenoptera astrolabe Pucheran, 1843 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaenoptera australis Lesson, 1828 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaenoptera capensis A. Smith, 1834 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaenoptera leucopteron Lesson, 1842 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera americana Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera antarctica Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera bellicosa Cope, 1871 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera brasiliensis True, 1904 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera braziliensis Cope, 1867 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera gigas Cope, 1865 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera indica Gervais, 1883 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera kusira Trouessart, 1904 · unaccepted (misspelling)
Megaptera lalandii Gray, 1864 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera longimana Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera longimana morei Gray, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera longipinna Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera nodosa Bonnaterre, 1789 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera nodosa Lahille, 1905 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera nodosa nodosa Tomilin, 1946 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera novaezelandiae Gray, 1864 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera osphya Mead & Brownell, 2005 · unaccepted (misspelling)
Megaptera osphyia Cope, 1865 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera poescop Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera versabilis Cope, 1869 · unaccepted (synonym)
Poescopia lalandii Gray, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Rorqualus antarcticus F. Cuvier, 1836 · unaccepted (synonym)
Rorqualus australis Hamilton, 1837 · unaccepted (synonym)


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  1. Subspecies Megaptera novaeangliae australis (Lesson, 1828) (unaccepted > nomen nudum, No holotype fixed)
  2. Subspecies Megaptera novaeangliae kuzira (Gray, 1850) (unaccepted > nomen nudum, No holotype fixed)
  3. Subspecies Megaptera novaeangliae novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (unaccepted > nomen nudum, No holotype fixed)
marine, terrestrial
(of Balaena novaeangliae Borowski, 1781) Borowski, G. H. (1781). Gemeinnüzzige Naturschichte des Tierreichs. <em>G. L. Lange, Berlin and Stralsund.</em> 2: 1-196., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28342430
page(s): 21 [details]   
Note Coast of New England, U.S.A.  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Coast of New England, U.S.A. [details]
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean  
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Distribution in all oceans  
Distribution in all oceans [details]
Fordyce, E.; Perrin, W.F. (2023). World Cetacea Database. Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781). Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137092 on 2023-12-10
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z

original description  (of Balaena novaeangliae Borowski, 1781) Borowski, G. H. (1781). Gemeinnüzzige Naturschichte des Tierreichs. <em>G. L. Lange, Berlin and Stralsund.</em> 2: 1-196., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28342430
page(s): 21 [details]   

context source (Bermuda) Sterrer, W. (1986). Marine fauna and flora of Bermuda: a systematic guide to the identification of marine organisms. <em>Wiley-Interscience Publication. Wiley.</em> 742 pp (Nemertini part). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. <em>In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.</em> 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. <em>Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication.</em> 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. <em>Bulletin of the United States National Museum.</em> (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Clapham, P. J. and J. G. Mead. (1999). Megaptera novaeangliae. Mammalian Species 604:1--9. [details]   

additional source Stacey, P. J. and P. W. Arnold. (1999). Orcaella brevirostris. Mammalian Species 616:1--8. [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Maio, N.; Maione, V.; Sgammato, R. (2016). First record of a Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) in the Tyrrhenian Sea (Cetacea Balaenopteridae). <em>Biodiversity Journal.</em> 7(1): 33-38. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

ecology source Looby, A.; Erbe, C.; Bravo, S.; Cox, K.; Davies, H.L.; Di Iorio, L.; Jézéque, Y.; Juanes, F.; Martin, C.W.; Mooney, T.A.; Radford, C.; Reynolds, L.K.; Rice, A.N.; Riera, A.; Rountree, R.; Sprie, B.; Stanley, J.; Vela, S.; Parsons, M.J.G. Underwater Soniferous Behavior Trait Provided in the World Register of Marine Species. <em>(In preparation).</em>  [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

From editor or global species database
Diet herring (Clupea harengus), sand lance (Ammodytes sp.) and other small fish, invertebrates (euphausiids) [details]

Habitat Inshore on feeding and calving grounds, but high seas in transit between them. [details]

Holotype None in existence. Name based on the "baleine de la Nouvelle Angleterre" of Brisson (1756). [details]

IUCN Red List Category subpopulation Arabian Sea humpback whale : Endangered (EN) [details]

IUCN Red List Category subpopulation Oceania humpback whale : Endangered (EN) [details]

IUCN Red List Category Least Concern (LC) [details]

Morphology Distinguishing characteristics: colour in the northern hemisphere is dark with white belly and on flippers, but southern hemisphere whales have more white. Sensory knobs on head. Lifts tail when diving. Variably curved dorsal fin midback on a hump. "Knuckles" or bumps along tail stock of thin whales. Flippers may reach length of 4.5 m (15'). Individuals recognized by underside of flukes and body scars/markings.  [details]

Predators Killer whale tooth marks evident on adults; calves probably taken. [details]

Type locality Coast of New England, U.S.A. [details]

From other sources
Dimensions Length: male 36-57 1/2' (11-17.5 m), female 36-62 1/2' (11-19 m), at birth 15'+ (4.6 m+) [details]

Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Distribution in all oceans [details]

Reproduction Calving: January to March in Caribbean; Weaning: one year [details]
Afrikaans boggelwalvis  [details]
Aleut khi-tkhukkhalkhiamakaliamak  [details]
Catalan lubartabalena geperuda  [details]
Chukot kaipokak uiiut  [details]
Czech keporkak dlouhoplautvýkeporkak  [details]
Danish stubhvalpukkelhvalbuckelhval  [details]
Dutch langarmvinvischbultrug  [details]
English hunchback whalehunchhumpback whalehumpbunch whale  [details]
French rorqual noueuxrorqual keporkakrorqual du Capmégapterejubartebaleine tamponbaleine à taquetbaleine à bosse  [details]
German Pflockfischlanghaendige WalKnurrwalBuckelwal  [details]
Icelandic skeljungurhnufubakur  [details]
Indonesian paus bongkok  [details]
Italian megatterabalena gobba  [details]
Japanese ザトウクジラzato kujira  [details]
Kalaallisut keporkak  [details]
Korean hog-deung-gorae  [details]
Latvian valzius  [details]
Lithuanian kuprotasis banginis  [details]
Malagasy trozona be trafo  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Μεγάπτερη φάλαιναΜεγάπτερη  [details]
Norwegian stor rorhvalknølhvalknölhval  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål knølhval  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk knølkval  [details]
Polish pletwaldługopłetwiec  [details]
Portuguese jubartebaleia-corcundabaleia jubarte  [details]
Russian горбатый китveselyi kitgorbatyi kitgorbachdlinnorukyi polosatik  [details]
Slovenian kit grbavec  [details]
Southern Balochi abra  [details]
Spanish yubartarorqual jorobadojorobadajibartegubartaguabarteballena jorobadaballena de aletas grandesballena cantoraambaqui  [details]
Swahili (individual language) chongoe  [details]
Swedish puckelvalknölvalhnunfurbakur  [details]
Turkish kambur balina  [details]
Ukrainian Кит горбатийГорбачГорбатий китГорбань  [details]
Welsh morfil cefngrwm  [details]
Yupik languages kaipokakaghvesiiq  [details]