WoRMS taxon details

Porites lichen (Dana, 1846)

207228  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207228)

accepted
Species
Goniopora lichen (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted (unaccepted combination)
Manopora lichen Dana, 1846 · unaccepted (basionym, changed combination)
Montipora lichen (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted (unaccepted combination)
Porites (Porites) lichen (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Porites purpurea Gardiner, 1898 · unaccepted (synonym)
Porites reticulata Dana, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Porites viridis Gardiner, 1898 · unaccepted (synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Dana, J. D. (1846). Zoophytes. <em>United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18989497
page(s): 552, 566-567 [details]   

(of Manopora lichen Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
Note Fiji (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Colonies form drooping plates and vertical spires, commonly in the same colony, especially when the colony is larger than...  
Description Colonies form drooping plates and vertical spires, commonly in the same colony, especially when the colony is larger than about a metre tall and broad. Commonly vertical projections develop from the plates - these will develop into the large spires on the top of the future colony. The surface of each plate is commonly irregular. The colour is green, brown or cream, and tiny polyps can usually be distinguished in daytime (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies form flat laminae or plates, or fused nodules and columns. Corallites are usually aligned in irregular rows separated by low ridges. Septal structures are variable and irregular. Colour: Usually bright yellowish-green, sometimes brown. Abundance: Very common and frequently a dominant of lagoons and reef slopes. Usually conspicuous, both by coloration and abundance (Veron, 1986).
Growth form usually a mixture of encrusting plates with short, lumpy columns. Colour: brownish-green or yellow. Habitat: deep lagoons and reef slopes (Richmond, 1997). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Porites lichen (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207228 on 2022-06-25
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed
2019-10-13 11:37:40Z
changed
2022-05-14 09:41:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dana, J. D. (1846). Zoophytes. <em>United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18989497
page(s): 552, 566-567 [details]   

original description  (of Goniopora klunzingeri von Marenzeller, 1907) Marenzeller, E. von. (1907). Riffkorallen. In: Expeditionen S.M. "Pola" in das Rote Meer. Nördliche und Südliche Hälfte 1895/96 – 1897/98. <em>Zoologische Ergebnisse XXVI. Berichte der Kommission für Ozeanographische Forschungen. Denkschrift Akademischer Wissenschaften.</em> 80: 27-97, pls. 1-29. [details]   

original description  (of Porites viridis Gardiner, 1898) Gardiner JS (1898) On the perforate corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1898: 257-276, pls. 23-24. [details]   

original description  (of Manopora lichen Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Porites reticulata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Porites purpurea Gardiner, 1898) Gardiner JS (1898) On the perforate corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1898: 257-276, pls. 23-24. [details]   

original description  (of Porites viridis var. apalata Gardiner, 1898) Gardiner JS (1898) On the perforate corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1898: 257-276, pls. 23-24. [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 307: 1-32., available online at http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm
page(s): 19, 29, 30, 35, 181, 202 [details]   

additional source Dana, J.D,. (1846-1847). On zoophytes. <em>The American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series.</em> 2(4):64-69; 2(5):187-202; 3(7):1-24; 3(8)160-163; 3(9)337-347.
page(s): 552, 566-567 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 38 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Benzoni, F., Stefani, F. 2012. Porites fontanesii, a new species of hard coral (Scleractinia, Poritidae) from the southern Red Sea, the Gulf of Tadjoura, and the Gulf of Aden, and its phylogenetic relationships within the genus. Zootaxa 3447: 56–68.
page(s): 65, 66 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427.
page(s): 8, 9, 170, 171, 172, 201, 213, 214-215, 216, 422, 425 Plate XC, figs. 2, 2a, 2b [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1935). Revised list of the reef-corals from the Japanese seas and of the fossil reef corals of the raised reefs and the Ryukyu limestone of Japan. <em>Journal of the Geological Society of Japan.</em> 42: 379-403.
page(s): 400 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Bassett-Smith, P.W. (1890). Report on the corals from Tizard and Macclesfield Banks, China Sea. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History,.</em> 6(35): 353-374, 443-458, pls. 12-14., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939008694050
page(s): 361, 456 [details]   

additional source Forsman, Z. H.; Birkeland, C. (2009). Porites randalli: a new coral species (Scleractinia, Poritidae) from American Samoa. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 2244: 51-59.
page(s): 51, 52, 57, 58 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 31 [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 33, 66 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 205 [details]   

additional source Whitelegge, T. (1898). The Madroporaria of Funafuti. <em>The Australian Museum Memoir.</em> 3(6): 349-368.
page(s): 366 [details]   

additional source Fenner, D. P. (2005). Corals of Hawai'i. A Field Guide to the Hard, Black, and Soft Corals of Hawai'i and the Northwest Hawaiian Islands, Including Midway. <em>Mutual Publishing, Ltd., Honolulu.</em> 144 pp.
page(s): 2, 20, 39, 115 [details]   

additional source Rathbun, R. (1887). Annotated catalogue of the species of Porites and Synaraea in the U.S.N.M., with the description of a new species of Porites. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 10: 354-366
page(s): 364 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume III: Families Mussidae, Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae, Poritidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 3, pp. 490.
page(s): 304-305 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E. (1977). Order Scleractinia, Stony Corals. Dennis M. Devaney and Lucius G. Eldredge (eds.). Bishop Museum Press. Honolulu, Hawaii, pp. 84
page(s): 162, 164, 171, 229 [details]   

additional source Wells, J. W. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 260(I): 385-486
page(s): 393, 396, 397, 398, 401, 402, 453, pls. 165, 168 [details]   

additional source Pillai, C. S. G. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 25, 1-2, 78-90
page(s): 86 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C. R. C. (1985). Fringing reefs in the southern region, Jeddah to Jizan. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 37-58
page(s): 45 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 9 [details]   

additional source Dana, J. D. (1849). Atlas. Zoophytes. C. Sherman. Philadelphia., pp. 12-01
page(s): 11, 566 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype BMNH, geounit Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 18-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 243-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 292-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 293-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 373-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 375-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 38-72, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 445-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 448-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 449-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 454-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 486-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 669-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 816-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 827-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 850-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 865-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 877-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 921-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Unknown type USNM 666, geounit Fijian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies form drooping plates and vertical spires, commonly in the same colony, especially when the colony is larger than about a metre tall and broad. Commonly vertical projections develop from the plates - these will develop into the large spires on the top of the future colony. The surface of each plate is commonly irregular. The colour is green, brown or cream, and tiny polyps can usually be distinguished in daytime (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies form flat laminae or plates, or fused nodules and columns. Corallites are usually aligned in irregular rows separated by low ridges. Septal structures are variable and irregular. Colour: Usually bright yellowish-green, sometimes brown. Abundance: Very common and frequently a dominant of lagoons and reef slopes. Usually conspicuous, both by coloration and abundance (Veron, 1986).
Growth form usually a mixture of encrusting plates with short, lumpy columns. Colour: brownish-green or yellow. Habitat: deep lagoons and reef slopes (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English hump coral  [details]
Japanese ベニハマサンゴ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE336verycloseup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE336wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE666wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE666wholeupper)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]