WoRMS taxon details

Porites solida (Forskål, 1775)

207227  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207227)

accepted
Species
Madrepora (Porites) conglomerata (Esper, 1792) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora conglomerata Esper, 1792 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora solida Forskål, 1775 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Porites (Porites) solida (Forskål, 1775) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Porites conferta Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Porites conglomerata (Esper, 1792) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (synonym)
Porites conglomerata var. nana Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted > nomen nudum (synonymy)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora solida Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Red Sea (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Colonies develop into massive growths several metres across. There seems to be much less tendency to grow into a columnar...  
Description Colonies develop into massive growths several metres across. There seems to be much less tendency to grow into a columnar form (as P. lutea does). Also, the calices are larger, more angular and tend to have much less prominent pali. Another fairly reliable calicular difference between this and P. lutea is that the ventral triplet of septa remain free at their tips, while they fuse into a trident shape in P. Lutea. Widespread, and found most commonly in gently sloping areas. It will always be found in sheltered areas of protected fringing reefs, and in lee slopes of patch reefs.
Colonies are massive and may be several metres in diameter. Colour: brown or greenish-yellow. Abundance: common (Veron, 1986).
Forms massive, domed colonies up to several metres in diameter. Similar to P. lutea but corallites are larger, up to 2mm wide. Colour: yellow to brownish. Habitat: common in sheltered areas on reef slopes (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Porites solida (Forskål, 1775). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207227 on 2022-08-11
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-04-15 21:12:32Z
changed
2018-05-31 16:09:18Z
changed
2018-06-28 10:50:14Z
changed
2022-05-14 09:41:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Madrepora solida Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Madrepora conglomerata Esper, 1792) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls.  [details]   

original description  (of Porites conglomerata var. nana Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Porites conferta Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846). Zoophytes. <em>United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18989497
page(s): 557, 560 [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Chan, A. L. K.; Chan, K. K.; Choi, C. L. S.; McCorry, D.; Lee, M. W.; Ang, P. (2005). Field guide to hard corals of Hong Kong. <em>Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government.</em>  [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 38 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Benzoni, F., Stefani, F. 2012. Porites fontanesii, a new species of hard coral (Scleractinia, Poritidae) from the southern Red Sea, the Gulf of Tadjoura, and the Gulf of Aden, and its phylogenetic relationships within the genus. Zootaxa 3447: 56–68.
page(s): 65 [details]   

additional source Rehberg, H. (1892). Neue und wenig bekannte Korallen. <em>Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften Hamburg.</em> 12: 1-50.
page(s): 4, 48 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Scheer, G. & Pillai, C.S.G. 1974. Report on Scleractinia from the Nicobar Islands. Zoologica, Stuttgart 42 (122): 1-75, pls. 1-33.
page(s): 8, 42, 75 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 94 [details]   

additional source Bassett-Smith, P.W. (1890). Report on the corals from Tizard and Macclesfield Banks, China Sea. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History,.</em> 6(35): 353-374, 443-458, pls. 12-14., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939008694050
page(s): 361, 457 [details]   

additional source Ortmann, A. (1888). Studien über Systematik und geographische Verbreitung der Steinkorallen. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abtheilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 3: 143-188, pl. 6.
page(s): 157 [details]   

additional source Forsman, Z. H.; Birkeland, C. (2009). Porites randalli: a new coral species (Scleractinia, Poritidae) from American Samoa. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 2244: 51-59.
page(s): 52 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 31 [details]   

additional source Scheer G (1967). Korallen von den Sarso-Inseln im Roten Meer. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 421-436. [details]   

additional source Ortmann, A. (1892). Die Koralriffe von Dar-es-Salaam un Umgegend. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 6: 631-670, pl. 29. [details]   

additional source Gravier C. (1911). Les récifs de coraux et les Madréporaires de la baie de Tadjourah (Golfe d'Aden). <em>Annales de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco.</em> 2 (3): 1-101, pls 1-12. [details]   

additional source Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168.
page(s): 161 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 33, 64 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 196, 204 [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
page(s): 18 [details]   

additional source Fenner, D. P. (2005). Corals of Hawai'i. A Field Guide to the Hard, Black, and Soft Corals of Hawai'i and the Northwest Hawaiian Islands, Including Midway. <em>Mutual Publishing, Ltd., Honolulu.</em> 144 pp.
page(s): 21, 34, 113 [details]   

additional source Rathbun, R. (1887). Annotated catalogue of the species of Porites and Synaraea in the U.S.N.M., with the description of a new species of Porites. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 10: 354-366
page(s): 365 [details]   

additional source Rehberg, H. (1893). Neue und wenig Bekannte Korallen. <em>Abhandlungen der Naturwissenschaften Verein, Hamburg.</em> 12, 1-50.
page(s): 48 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume III: Families Mussidae, Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae, Poritidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 3, pp. 490.
page(s): 282 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Potts, D. C.; Aeby, G.; Gulko, D.; Kenyon, J.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D. (2004). 2000-2002 rapid ecological assessment of coral (Anthozoa) on shallow reefs of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Part 1: Species and distribution. Pacific Science, 58(2): 211-230
page(s): 217 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E. (2004). Baker Island coral data [Table unnumbered]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 2 [details]   

additional source Ortmann, A. (1892). Die Korallriffe von Dar-es-Salaam und Umgegend. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik.</em> 6: 631-670., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10195227
page(s): 638, 655 [details]   

additional source Pillai, C. S. G. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 25, 1-2, 78-90
page(s): 86 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 62, 88, 113 [details]   

new combination reference Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Porites conferta Dana, 1846) BMNH, geounit Taiwanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype BMNH, geounit Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 153-6, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8561, geounit Sudanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8564, geounit Eritrean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR, geounit Sudanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 294-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 295-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 300-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 374-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 432-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 433-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 447-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 452-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies develop into massive growths several metres across. There seems to be much less tendency to grow into a columnar form (as P. lutea does). Also, the calices are larger, more angular and tend to have much less prominent pali. Another fairly reliable calicular difference between this and P. lutea is that the ventral triplet of septa remain free at their tips, while they fuse into a trident shape in P. Lutea. Widespread, and found most commonly in gently sloping areas. It will always be found in sheltered areas of protected fringing reefs, and in lee slopes of patch reefs.
Colonies are massive and may be several metres in diameter. Colour: brown or greenish-yellow. Abundance: common (Veron, 1986).
Forms massive, domed colonies up to several metres in diameter. Similar to P. lutea but corallites are larger, up to 2mm wide. Colour: yellow to brownish. Habitat: common in sheltered areas on reef slopes (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English hump coral  [details]
Japanese オオハマサンゴ  [details]