WoRMS taxon details

Alveopora spongiosa Dana, 1846

207198  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207198)

accepted
Species
Alveopora alcalai Nemenzo, 1976 · unaccepted (Synonymy)
Alveopora fijiensis Hoffmeister, 1932 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Alveopora regularis Thiel, 1932 · unaccepted (synonymy)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
Note Fiji (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description This species grows mainly in the form of convoluted plates, with branch-like projections. Calices are rounded or angular,...  
Description This species grows mainly in the form of convoluted plates, with branch-like projections. Calices are rounded or angular, and walls are highly porous, being formed from a weak lattice of spines. Calice diameters range between 1.5 and 1.9 mm, which is at the lower end of the range described for this species. Septa are composed of slender spines, mostly about half calice radius or less, but with some meeting in the central axis deeper in the calices. The top of the walls bear short, upward pointing spines. This is by far the commonest Alveopora, occurring in a variety of reef habitats. It is almost certain to be easily located between 20 - 50 m deep on fore reef slopes. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>).

Colonies are thick plates or pillows with flat or undulating upper surface. Corallites are 1.9--2.6 mm in diameter, with long or short fine septal spines with seldom meet. Tips of polyp tentacles may be pointed or knob-like. Sometimes six large tentacles alternate with six small ones. Colour: usually uniform pale or dark brown, rarely green. Polyps sometimes have white tentacle tips. Abundance: Usually uncommon but colonies may be over 1m across in protected parts of upper reef slopes, and are conspicuous. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Alveopora spongiosa Dana, 1846. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207198 on 2022-05-17
Date
action
by
1998-06-02 12:05:09Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-04-13 09:56:48Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Alveopora fijiensis Hoffmeister, 1932) Hoffmeister JE (1932). Corals. In: Geology of Eua, Tonga. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 96: 1-93, pl. 22. [details]   

original description  (of Alveopora regularis Thiel, 1932) Thiel, M.E. (1932). Madreporaria. Zugleich ein Versuch einer vergleichenden Oekologie der gefundenen Formen. Resultats scientifiques du Voyage aux Indes Orientales Neerlandaises. <em>Memoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique.</em> 2(12): 1-177, pls. 1-21. [details]   

original description  (of Alveopora alcalai Nemenzo, 1976) Nemenzo, F. 1976. Some new Philippine scleractinian reef corals. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 28: 229-276, pls. 1-10. [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm
page(s): 20, 195 [details]   

additional source Dana, J.D., 1847. On zoophytes. Am. J. Sci. -23 : 1-24, 160-164, 337-346.
page(s): 511, 512, 513 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 37 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M. (1982). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part IV. Family Poritidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 5: 1-159. [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 31 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 27, 72 [details]   

additional source Dana JD. (1872). Corals and coral islands. <em>Dodd & Mead, New York.</em> 398 pp.
page(s): 77 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume III: Families Mussidae, Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae, Poritidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 3, pp. 490.
page(s): 388-389 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 9 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype WAM 144-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 152-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 220-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 221-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 270-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 273-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 274-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 354-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 423-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 424-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 463-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 485-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 486-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 511-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 547-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 587-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 590-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 619-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 670-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 902-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 924-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 928-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description This species grows mainly in the form of convoluted plates, with branch-like projections. Calices are rounded or angular, and walls are highly porous, being formed from a weak lattice of spines. Calice diameters range between 1.5 and 1.9 mm, which is at the lower end of the range described for this species. Septa are composed of slender spines, mostly about half calice radius or less, but with some meeting in the central axis deeper in the calices. The top of the walls bear short, upward pointing spines. This is by far the commonest Alveopora, occurring in a variety of reef habitats. It is almost certain to be easily located between 20 - 50 m deep on fore reef slopes. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>).

Colonies are thick plates or pillows with flat or undulating upper surface. Corallites are 1.9--2.6 mm in diameter, with long or short fine septal spines with seldom meet. Tips of polyp tentacles may be pointed or knob-like. Sometimes six large tentacles alternate with six small ones. Colour: usually uniform pale or dark brown, rarely green. Polyps sometimes have white tentacle tips. Abundance: Usually uncommon but colonies may be over 1m across in protected parts of upper reef slopes, and are conspicuous. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English net coral  [details]
Japanese アワユキサンゴ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE319verycloseup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
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To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE319wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
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