WoRMS taxon details

Eubalaena glacialis (Müller, 1776)

159023  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:159023)

Balaena biscayensis Eschricht, 1860 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena cisarctica Cope, 1865 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena eubalaena Gray, 1871 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena euskariensis Real, 1890 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena glacialis Bonnaterre, 1789 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena glacialis Borowski, 1781 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena islandica Gmelin, 1788 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena mediterranea Gray, 1870 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena nordcaper Lacépède, 1804 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena tarentina Capellini, 1877 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena vanbenedeniana Fischer, 1881 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena vanbenediana Capellini, 1873 · unaccepted (synonym)
Baloena glacialis Robineau, 1989 · unaccepted (Synonym)
Macleayius britannicus Gray, 1870 · unaccepted (synonym)


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marine, terrestrial
Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus, seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum: characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. <em>Typis Hallagerii, Havni, Copenhagen.</em> 282 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 7 (species number 49) [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note North Cape, Norway  
From editor or global species database
Type locality North Cape, Norway [details]
Distribution  Eastern and Western North Atlantic Ocean  
Distribution  Eastern and Western North Atlantic Ocean [details]

Distribution temperate and subpolar waters of North Atlantic  
Distribution temperate and subpolar waters of North Atlantic [details]
Fordyce, E.; Perrin, W.F. (2023). World Cetacea Database. Eubalaena glacialis (Müller, 1776). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=159023 on 2023-12-06
2005-05-27 09:47:05Z
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
2009-03-27 18:47:43Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus, seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum: characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. <em>Typis Hallagerii, Havni, Copenhagen.</em> 282 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 7 (species number 49) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Balaena tarentina Capellini, 1877) Capellini, G. (1877). Della balena di Taranto confrontata con quelle della Nuova Zelanda e con talune fossili del Belgio e della Toscana. Memoria letta nella sessione del 12 aprile 1877. <em>Memorie Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (serie 3).</em> 8: 3-32. [details]   

context source (MSBIAS) MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]   

basis of record Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. <em>In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.</em> 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. <em>Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication.</em> 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. <em>Bulletin of the United States National Museum.</em> (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Thomas, M. L. H. (1983). Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.</em> 64:1-306. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Looby, A.; Erbe, C.; Bravo, S.; Cox, K.; Davies, H.L.; Di Iorio, L.; Jézéque, Y.; Juanes, F.; Martin, C.W.; Mooney, T.A.; Radford, C.; Reynolds, L.K.; Rice, A.N.; Riera, A.; Rountree, R.; Sprie, B.; Stanley, J.; Vela, S.; Parsons, M.J.G. Underwater Soniferous Behavior Trait Provided in the World Register of Marine Species. <em>(In preparation).</em>  [details]   
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

From editor or global species database
Diet Copepods (largely of the genera Calanus and Pseudocalanus) and krill. [details]

Distribution  Eastern and Western North Atlantic Ocean [details]

Holotype None, based on the North Atlantic "sild-qval," "lille-hval," or "Nord-Kaper" of Norwegian whalers and reference to Egede (1742)Des alten Grönlandes Naturell-historie, Kopenhagen, Chapter 6. [details]

IUCN Red List Category Endangered (EN) [details]

Morphology Distinguishing characteristics: craggy patches on head called "callosities" used to identify individuals. Lift large, all black tail when diving. Blow readily visible-6 m (20') v-shaped. No dorsal fin. Large lower lips, narrow rostrum, broad throat without throat pleats. Black to mottled grey, white scarring, white belly patches in 30% of individuals.  [details]

Predators Approximately one-third of all right whale mortality is caused by human activities (NOAA,NMFS-NE-162). Young animals, ages 0-4 years, are the most vunerable [details]

Reproduction Wintering and calving in Decmeber to March in Georgia/Florida waters. Summer feeding and nursery grounds in New England waters, Bay of Fundy and Scotian Shelf. Weaning is at one year. [details]

Type locality North Cape, Norway [details]

From other sources
Dimensions Length: male 49-54' (14.9-16.4 m), female 51-60' (15.5-18.3 m), at birth 16' + (4.9 m+) [details]

Distribution temperate and subpolar waters of North Atlantic [details]

Habitat inshore and offshore [details]
Basque sardaco-baleac  [details]
Bulgarian Южен китyuzhen kit  [details]
Catalan balena basca  [details]
Czech velryba černáveloryba biskeyská  [details]
Danish svarthvalnordkapernordhvalnoordkaperbiscayrhval  [details]
Dutch noordkaper  [details]
English northern right whaleNorth Atlantic right whalenordcaperblack right whaleBiscayan right whale  [details]
French sardebaleine franche noirebaleine franche de Biscayebaleine d'Islandebaleine des Basquesbaleine de Biscaye  [details]
German NordkaperNordatlantischer GlattwalNordatlantische GlattwalEiswalfischBiskayerwalAtlantischer Nordkaper  [details]
Icelandic sljettbakurhafurkitti  [details]
Italian balena nera balena franca nordatlanticabalena francabalena dei Baschi  [details]
Lithuanian pietinis banginis  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Νότια σωστή φάλαινα  [details]
Norwegian sildualnordkarper nordkapernordhvalliljehvalid  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål nordkaper  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk nordkaper  [details]
Polish wieloryb biskajski  [details]
Portuguese baleia franca negra  [details]
Russian кит южныйnastoiashchii Atlanticheskii kitnastoiashchii Atlanticheskii kitiuzhnyi kitbiskai kit  [details]
Slovenian Biskajski kit  [details]
Spanish vallenaballena vizcayaballena vascaballena francaballena de los vascosballena con bonete  [details]
Swedish nordcapereishafs hvalfisk  [details]
Turkish buzul balinası  [details]
Ukrainian Південний китКит південний  [details]
Welsh morfil y basgiaid  [details]