WoRMS taxon details

Spongia (Heterofibria) decooki Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1423775  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1423775)

accepted
Species
Spongia cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001 · alternate representation (subgenus assignment)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 21 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 20-21) explanation for the proposed nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 20-21) explanation for the proposed nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Halichondria cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) and Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001.
1. Spongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786: 186 (type locality Hastings, United Kingdom). Spongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786 is a senior primary homonym of Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001 (ICZN Art. 57.2). Ellis & Solander’s (1786) species refers to Ellis’s (1766: Plate XI Fig. G) ‘cockscomb sponge’ which is clearly synonymous with Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (with additional sources Montagu 1814: 103; WPD 2019).
2. Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001: 37 (type locality Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand). Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001 is the type species of Spongia (Heterofibria) Cook & Bergquist, 2001 but also a junior primary homonym of Spongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786, requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 57.2 & 60.1). It may be considered that replacing the name is a ‘threat to nomenclatural stability’ of the subgenus Spongia (Heterofibria) and ICZN Art. 23.9.3 should be invoked. However, the junior homonym and the replacement name are objective synonyms and they share the same type specimen (ICZN Art. 72.7) ensuring stability of the subgenus Spongia (Heterofibria).
3. Summary: Halichondria cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) is a senior primary homonym of Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001 (ICZN Art. 57) and is now accepted as a synonym of Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766). Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001 is the junior primary homonym of Spongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786 (ICZN Art. 60.1), and required a new name, for which Spongia (Heterofibria) decooki nom. nov. was proposed, named after Steve de Cook. [details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Carballo, J.L.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.C. Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2022). World Porifera Database. Spongia (Heterofibria) decooki Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1423775 on 2022-05-22
Date
action
by
2020-03-02 10:28:25Z
created
2021-03-15 09:46:14Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 21 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001) Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2001). New species of <i>Spongia</i> (Porifera: Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida) from New Zealand, and a proposed subgeneric structure. <em>New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research.</em> 35(1): 33-58.
page(s): 37-40 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 20-21) explanation for the proposed nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Halichondria cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) and Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001.
1. Spongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786: 186 (type locality Hastings, United Kingdom). Spongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786 is a senior primary homonym of Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001 (ICZN Art. 57.2). Ellis & Solander’s (1786) species refers to Ellis’s (1766: Plate XI Fig. G) ‘cockscomb sponge’ which is clearly synonymous with Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (with additional sources Montagu 1814: 103; WPD 2019).
2. Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001: 37 (type locality Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand). Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001 is the type species of Spongia (Heterofibria) Cook & Bergquist, 2001 but also a junior primary homonym of Spongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786, requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 57.2 & 60.1). It may be considered that replacing the name is a ‘threat to nomenclatural stability’ of the subgenus Spongia (Heterofibria) and ICZN Art. 23.9.3 should be invoked. However, the junior homonym and the replacement name are objective synonyms and they share the same type specimen (ICZN Art. 72.7) ensuring stability of the subgenus Spongia (Heterofibria).
3. Summary: Halichondria cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) is a senior primary homonym of Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001 (ICZN Art. 57) and is now accepted as a synonym of Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766). Spongia (Heterofibria) cristata Cook & Bergquist, 2001 is the junior primary homonym of Spongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786 (ICZN Art. 60.1), and required a new name, for which Spongia (Heterofibria) decooki nom. nov. was proposed, named after Steve de Cook. [details]