WoRMS taxon details

Spongia hyatti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1423657  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1423657)

accepted
Species
Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877 · unaccepted (preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 10 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877) Hyatt, A. (1877). Revision of the North American Poriferae; with Remarks upon Foreign Species. Part II. <em>Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History.</em> 2: 481-554, pls XV-XVII.
page(s): 515 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Panama Bight  
type locality contained in Panama Bight [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest, Hooper & Butler's (2020) text explaining the case for this nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest, Hooper & Butler's (2020) text explaining the case for this nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792, Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814 and Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877.
1. Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792: 264 (type locality Adriatic, Mediterranean). Although the true identity of Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792 is unclear, the name is available and has seniority over the two junior primary homonyms Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814 and Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877 (ICZN Art. 57.2).
2. Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814: 446 (type locality ‘American Seas’). The combination Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814 is a junior homonym of Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792. However, homonymy is removed by the reassignment of Lamarck’s (1814) presumed ‘type’ specimen to another genus and species by Topsent (1932: 103), viz. to Agelas cervicornis (Schmidt, 1870) based on re-examination of Lamarck’s original material. Since Spongia arborescens sensu Lamarck has not been used as a valid name after 1899 (ICZN Art. 23.9.1.1) and Agelas cervicornis has been used in at least 25 works by 10 different authors (ICZN Art. 23.9.1.2) the latter name is considered the valid name.
3. Spongia lignea Hyatt, 1877 var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877: 515 (type locality Pearl Islands, Panama Bay). Spongia lignea Hyatt, 1877 is from New South Wales, Australia, whereas Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt,
1877 is from the Pacific side of Panama, and thus their highly improbable conspecificity. While no illustrations of the species or the variety were provided, presumably this is a ramose dictyoceratid given the context of Hyatt’s publication and his description. It is thus a junior homonym of Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792 and requires a new name (ICZN Art. 59.1).
4. Summary: Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792 is taxon inquirendum but the name is available and is maintained as the senior primary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.2). Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814 is a nomen oblitum (in the sense of ICZN Art. 23.9.1). Agelas cervicornis (Schmidt, 1870) is the valid name for it. No further action is necessary.Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877 is a junior primary homonym of Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792 and in the absence of a synonym requires a new name, for which we propose Spongia hyatti nom. nov., named after Alpheus Hyatt (ICZN Art. 57.2 & 60.3). [details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Carballo, J.L.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.C. Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2022). World Porifera Database. Spongia hyatti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1423657 on 2022-05-18
Date
action
by
2020-03-01 13:03:29Z
created
2021-03-15 09:46:14Z
changed
2022-01-21 09:37:24Z
changed

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original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 10 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877) Hyatt, A. (1877). Revision of the North American Poriferae; with Remarks upon Foreign Species. Part II. <em>Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History.</em> 2: 481-554, pls XV-XVII.
page(s): 515 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest, Hooper & Butler's (2020) text explaining the case for this nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792, Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814 and Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877.
1. Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792: 264 (type locality Adriatic, Mediterranean). Although the true identity of Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792 is unclear, the name is available and has seniority over the two junior primary homonyms Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814 and Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877 (ICZN Art. 57.2).
2. Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814: 446 (type locality ‘American Seas’). The combination Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814 is a junior homonym of Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792. However, homonymy is removed by the reassignment of Lamarck’s (1814) presumed ‘type’ specimen to another genus and species by Topsent (1932: 103), viz. to Agelas cervicornis (Schmidt, 1870) based on re-examination of Lamarck’s original material. Since Spongia arborescens sensu Lamarck has not been used as a valid name after 1899 (ICZN Art. 23.9.1.1) and Agelas cervicornis has been used in at least 25 works by 10 different authors (ICZN Art. 23.9.1.2) the latter name is considered the valid name.
3. Spongia lignea Hyatt, 1877 var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877: 515 (type locality Pearl Islands, Panama Bay). Spongia lignea Hyatt, 1877 is from New South Wales, Australia, whereas Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt,
1877 is from the Pacific side of Panama, and thus their highly improbable conspecificity. While no illustrations of the species or the variety were provided, presumably this is a ramose dictyoceratid given the context of Hyatt’s publication and his description. It is thus a junior homonym of Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792 and requires a new name (ICZN Art. 59.1).
4. Summary: Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792 is taxon inquirendum but the name is available and is maintained as the senior primary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.2). Spongia arborescens Lamarck, 1814 is a nomen oblitum (in the sense of ICZN Art. 23.9.1). Agelas cervicornis (Schmidt, 1870) is the valid name for it. No further action is necessary.Spongia lignea var. arborescens Hyatt, 1877 is a junior primary homonym of Spongia arborescens Olivi, 1792 and in the absence of a synonym requires a new name, for which we propose Spongia hyatti nom. nov., named after Alpheus Hyatt (ICZN Art. 57.2 & 60.3). [details]