WoRMS taxon details

Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758

127023  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:127023)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 297 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Distribution Labrador to Cape Lookout, N.C.  
Distribution Labrador to Cape Lookout, N.C. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2023). FishBase. Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=127023 on 2023-01-29
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 297 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Scomber scomber Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Scomber glauciscus Pallas, 1814) Pallas, P. S. (1814). Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum.3 vols.[1811-1814]. <em>Academia Scientiarum, Petropolis [Sankt Petersburg].</em> v. 3: i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV), Pls. 1, 13, 14, 15, 20 and 21.
page(s): 215, Pl. 46 (fig. 1) [details]   

original description  (of Scomber punctatus Couch, 1849) Couch, J. (1849). Description of Scomber punctatus, a species of mackerel not hitherto recognized by naturalists. <em>The Zoologist: a Popular Miscellany of Natural History.</em> v. 7 (Appendix, art. 4): xxix-xxxi.
page(s): xxix, Fig. [details]   

original description  (of Scomber scriptus Couch, 1863) Couch, J. (1963). The history of the fishes of the British islands v. 2. 1-265, Pls. 58-120.
page(s): 84, Pl. 81 (fig. 2) [details]   

original description  (of Scomber vernalis Mitchill, 1815) Mitchill, S. L. (1815). The fishes of New-York, described and arranged. <em>Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York.</em> v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814): 355-492, Pls. 1-6.
page(s): 423 [details]   

original description  (of Scomber vulgaris Fleming, 1828) Fleming, J. (1828). A history of British animals, exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangement of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, Mollusca, and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the indigenous, extirpated, and extinct kinds, together with periodical and occasional visitants. <em>Edinburgh, Bell & Bradfute / London, James Duncan.</em> Pp. i-xxii, 1-565. corrigenda., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18569
page(s): 217 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) Fish trawl survey: ICES North Sea International Bottom Trawl Survey for commercial fish species. ICES Database of trawl surveys (DATRAS). The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Copenhagen. 2010., available online at http://ecosystemdata.ices.dk [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Collette, B. B., ; Klein-MacPhee, G. (2002). Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine. <em>Smithsonian Institution Press.</em> 1-748. [details]   

additional source Scott, W.B.; Scott, M.G. (1988). Atlantic fishes of Canada. <em>Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.</em> No. 219. 731 pp. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021)., available online at https://www.fishbase.org [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 297 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From other sources
Diet Feeds on plankton, amphipods, euphausiids, shrimps, small squid and crab and fish larvae [details]

Distribution Labrador to Cape Lookout, N.C. [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Habitat Pelagic species found to depths of 200 m, overwinter near bottoms, move upward in spring. [details]

Importance Social- Highly commercial, gamefish [details]

Predators Porbeagles, dogfish, Atlantic cod, bluefin tuna, swordfish, porpoises and harbour seals [details]

Reproduction Spawn from mid June to mid July, open water/ Substratum egg scatterers, pelagic eggs and larvae  [details]
LanguageName 
Albanian skushaskumbrishkombrikorbazi  [details]
Breton brillbreghel  [details]
Bulgarian Черноморска скумрия [from synonym]  [details]
Catalan verat  [details]
Czech makrela obecná  [details]
Danish makrel  [details]
Dutch makreelAtlantische makreel  [details]
English mackerelAtlantic mackerel  [details]
Finnish makrilli  [details]
French maquereau communmaquereau bleumaquereau  [details]
Galician xardacorreolocabala  [details]
German Makrele [from synonym]Atlantische Makrele  [details]
Icelandic makríll  [details]
Irish ronnach  [details]
Italian sgombromaccarellolacerto  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Σκουμπρί  [details]
Norwegian makrell  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål makrell  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk makrell  [details]
Polish makrela atlantyckamakrela  [details]
Portuguese sardacavala  [details]
Romanian scrumbie  [details]
Russian Скумбрия атлантическаяskumbriyamakrel  [details]
Scottish Gaelic ronnach an Atlantaigh  [details]
Slovenian skuša  [details]
Spanish caballa  [details]
Swedish makrill  [details]
Turkish uskumru  [details]
Ukrainian Скумбрія атлантична  [details]
Welsh macrell  [details]