WoRMS taxon details

Synodontidae Gill, 1861

125449  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125449)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Harpadontinae Bleeker, 1875
  » Genus Harpadon Lesueur, 1825
  » Genus Saurida Valenciennes, 1850
    » Species Saurida argentea MacLeay, 1881
    » Species Saurida brasiliensis Norman, 1935
    » Species Saurida caribbaea Breder, 1927
    » Species Saurida elongata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
    » Species Saurida filamentosa Ogilby, 1910
    » Species Saurida flamma Waples, 1982
    » Species Saurida golanii Russell, 2011
    » Species Saurida gracilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
    » Species Saurida isarankurai Shindo & Yamada, 1972
    » Species Saurida lessepsianus Russell, Golani & Tikochinski, 2015
    » Species Saurida longimanus Norman, 1939
    » Species Saurida macrolepis Tanaka, 1917
    » Species Saurida microlepis Wu & Wang, 1931
    » Species Saurida micropectoralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972
    » Species Saurida nebulosa Valenciennes, 1850
    » Species Saurida normani Longley, 1935
    » Species Saurida pseudotumbil Dutt & Sagar, 1981
    » Species Saurida suspicio Breder, 1927
    » Species Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
    » Species Saurida tweddlei Russell, 2015
    » Species Saurida umeyoshii Inoue & Nakabo, 2006
    » Species Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848)
    » Species Saurida wanieso Shindo & Yamada, 1972
    » Species Saurida argyrophanes (Richardson, 1846) accepted as Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
    » Species Saurida australis Castelnau, 1879 accepted as Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
    » Species Saurida caribbaeus Breder, 1927 accepted as Saurida caribbaea Breder, 1927 (misspelling)
    » Species Saurida caribbea Breder, 1927 accepted as Saurida caribbaea Breder, 1927 (misspelling)
    » Species Saurida elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) accepted as Saurida elongata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) (misspelling)
    » Species Saurida ferox Ramsay, 1883 accepted as Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
    » Species Saurida gracila (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) accepted as Saurida gracilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (misspelling)
    » Species Saurida gracilata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) accepted as Saurida gracilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (misspelling)
    » Species Saurida gracillis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) accepted as Saurida gracilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (misspelling)
    » Species Saurida grandisquamis Günther, 1864 accepted as Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848) (synonym)
    » Species Saurida macropectoralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972 accepted as Saurida micropectoralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972 (misspelling)
    » Species Saurida micropectaralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972 accepted as Saurida micropectoralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972 (misspelling)
    » Species Saurida parri Norman, 1935 accepted as Saurida brasiliensis Norman, 1935
    » Species Saurida rubrotaeniata Liénard, 1891 accepted as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
    » Species Saurida truculenta MacLeay, 1881 accepted as Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
    » Species Saurida undosquamia (Richardson, 1848) accepted as Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848) (misspelling)
  » Genus Harpodon accepted as Harpadon Lesueur, 1825 (misspelling)
Subfamily Synodontinae Gill, 1861
  » Genus Synodus Scopoli, 1777
    » Species Synodus binotatus Schultz, 1953
    » Species Synodus bondi Fowler, 1939
    » Species Synodus capricornis Cressey & Randall, 1978
    » Species Synodus dermatogenys Fowler, 1912
    » Species Synodus doaki Russell & Cressey, 1979
    » Species Synodus evermanni Jordan & Bollman, 1890
    » Species Synodus falcatus Waples & Randall, 1989
    » Species Synodus fasciapelvicus Randall, 2009
    » Species Synodus foetens (Linnaeus, 1766)
    » Species Synodus fuscus Tanaka, 1917
    » Species Synodus gibbsi Cressey, 1981
    » Species Synodus hoshinonis Tanaka, 1917
    » Species Synodus indicus (Day, 1873)
    » Species Synodus intermedius (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
    » Species Synodus isolatus Randall, 2009
    » Species Synodus jaculum Russell & Cressey, 1979
    » Species Synodus janus Waples & Randall, 1989
    » Species Synodus kaianus (Günther, 1880)
    » Species Synodus lacertinus Gilbert, 1890
    » Species Synodus lobeli Waples & Randall, 1989
    » Species Synodus lucioceps (Ayres, 1855)
    » Species Synodus macrocephalus Cressey, 1981
    » Species Synodus macrops Tanaka, 1917
    » Species Synodus macrostigmus Frable, Luther & Baldwin, 2013
    » Species Synodus marchenae Hildebrand, 1946
    » Species Synodus mascarensis Prokofiev, 2008
    » Species Synodus mundyi Randall, 2009
    » Species Synodus nigrotaeniatus Allen, Erdmann & Peristiwady, 2017
    » Species Synodus oculeus Cressey, 1981
    » Species Synodus orientalis Randall & Pyle, 2008
    » Species Synodus poeyi Jordan, 1887
    » Species Synodus pylei Randall, 2009
    » Species Synodus randalli Cressey, 1981
    » Species Synodus rubromarmoratus Russell & Cressey, 1979
    » Species Synodus sageneus Waite, 1905
    » Species Synodus sanguineus Randall, 2009
    » Species Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Synodus scituliceps Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
    » Species Synodus sechurae Hildebrand, 1946
    » Species Synodus similis McCulloch, 1921
    » Species Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Synodus taiwanensis Chen, Ho & Shao, 2007
    » Species Synodus tectus Cressey, 1981
    » Species Synodus ulae Schultz, 1953
    » Species Synodus usitatus Cressey, 1981
    » Species Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
    » Species Synodus vityazi Ho, Prokofiev & Shao, 2010
    » Species Synodus amaranthus Waples & Randall, 1989 accepted as Synodus dermatogenys Fowler, 1912
    » Species Synodus argenteus (Forster, 1801) accepted as Albula forsteri Valenciennes, 1847
    » Species Synodus argenteus Schneider, 1801 accepted as Albula argentea (Forster, 1801)
    » Species Synodus atlanticus (Johnson, 1863) accepted as Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Synodus brevirostris (Poey, 1860) accepted as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
    » Species Synodus cinereus Hildebrand, 1948 accepted as Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Synodus cresseyi Prokofiev, 2008 accepted as Synodus macrocephalus Cressey, 1981
    » Species Synodus dermatogennis Fowler, 1912 accepted as Synodus dermatogenys Fowler, 1912 (misspelling)
    » Species Synodus dietrichi Kotthaus, 1967 accepted as Synodus indicus (Day, 1873)
    » Species Synodus engelmani Schultz, 1953 accepted as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803) (misspelling)
    » Species Synodus englamani Schultz, 1953 accepted as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803) (misspelling)
    » Species Synodus englemani Schultz, 1953 accepted as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
    » Species Synodus fasciatus Lacepède, 1803 accepted as Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Synodus houlti McCulloch, 1921 accepted as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
    » Species Synodus intermidius (Spix & Agassiz, 1829) accepted as Synodus intermedius (Spix & Agassiz, 1829) (misspelling)
    » Species Synodus macrocephalus Lacepède, 1803 accepted as Luciobrama macrocephalus (Lacepède, 1803) (synonym)
    » Species Synodus meleagrides (Valenciennes, 1834) accepted as Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Synodus myops (Forster, 1801) accepted as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
    » Species Synodus nicholsi Breder, 1927 accepted as Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Synodus variegates (Lacepède, 1803) accepted as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803) (misspelling)
    » Species Synodus varius (Lacepède, 1803) accepted as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
    » Species Synodus japonicus (uncertain, unassessed)
  » Genus Trachinocephalus Gill, 1861
  » Genus Alpismaris Risso, 1827 accepted as Synodus Scopoli, 1777
  » Genus Goodella Ogilby, 1897 accepted as Trachinocephalus Gill, 1861
  » Genus Laurida Swainson, 1838 accepted as Synodus Scopoli, 1777 (synonym)
  » Genus Saurus Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Synodus Scopoli, 1777
    » Species Saurus argyrophanes Richardson, 1846 accepted as Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
    » Species Saurus atlanticus Johnson, 1863 accepted as Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Saurus brevirostris Poey, 1860 accepted as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
    » Species Saurus englemani (Schultz, 1953) accepted as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
    » Species Saurus fasciatus (Risso, 1810) accepted as Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Saurus gracilis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Saurida gracilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
    » Species Saurus griseus Lowe, 1838 accepted as Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Saurus indicus Day, 1873 accepted as Synodus indicus (Day, 1873)
    » Species Saurus intermedius Spix & Agassiz, 1829 accepted as Synodus intermedius (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
    » Species Saurus kaianus Günther, 1880 accepted as Synodus kaianus (Günther, 1880)
    » Species Saurus lemniscatus (Lacepède, 1803) accepted as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
    » Species Saurus limbatus Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850 accepted as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
    » Species Saurus lucioceps Ayres, 1855 accepted as Synodus lucioceps (Ayres, 1855)
    » Species Saurus meleagrides Valenciennes, 1834 accepted as Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Saurus minutus Lesueur, 1825 accepted as Saurida gracilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
    » Species Saurus myops (Forster, 1801) accepted as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
    » Species Saurus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Saurus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Saurus trachinus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 accepted as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
    » Species Saurus trivirgatus Valenciennes, 1839 accepted as Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Saurus truncatus Spix & Agassiz, 1829 accepted as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
    » Species Saurus undosquamis Richardson, 1848 accepted as Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848)
    » Species Saurus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803) accepted as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
    » Species Saurus vulgaris Cloquet, 1827 accepted as Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Genus Tirus Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Synodus Scopoli, 1777
  » Genus Trichinocephalus accepted as Trachinocephalus Gill, 1861 (misspelling)
  » Genus Xystodus Ogilby, 1910 accepted as Synodus Scopoli, 1777
marine, brackish
Not documented
Description Chiefly marine; rarely brackish. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Supramaxilla small, if present. Branchiostegal...  
Description Chiefly marine; rarely brackish. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Supramaxilla small, if present. Branchiostegal rays 12-26, except the neotenic Bathysaurus mollis with 8. Vertebrae 49-63. Non-hermaphroditic, except Bathysaurus[details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2021). FishBase. Synodontidae Gill, 1861. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125449 on 2021-07-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Bermuda) Smith-Vaniz, W. F.; Collette, B. B.; Luckhurst, B. E (1999). Fishes of Bermuda: History, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys (American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists - Special Publication No.4) . ASIH, 424 pp. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2021). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Chiefly marine; rarely brackish. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Supramaxilla small, if present. Branchiostegal rays 12-26, except the neotenic Bathysaurus mollis with 8. Vertebrae 49-63. Non-hermaphroditic, except Bathysaurus[details]
LanguageName 
English lizardfishes  [details]
Japanese エソ科  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (Synodontidae RAD104064-001)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Synodontidae RAD104064-001)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]