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Carvalho, M. de S.; Lopes, D.A.; Cosme, B.; Hajdu, E. (2016). Seven new species of sponges (Porifera) from deep-sea coral mounds at Campos Basin (SW Atlantic). Helgoland Marine Research. 70 (10): 1-33.
259537
10.1186/s10152-016-0461-z [view]
Carvalho, M. de S.; Lopes, D.A.; Cosme, B.; Hajdu, E.
2016
Seven new species of sponges (Porifera) from deep-sea coral mounds at Campos Basin (SW Atlantic)
Helgoland Marine Research
70 (10): 1-33
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Deep-sea reefs and coral banks are increasingly known as highly biodiverse ecosystems where sponges constitute a significant proportion of builders and inhabitants. Albeit smaller in dimensions, Campos Basin coral mounds also harbor a rich associated fauna, whence only 16 species of sponges had been fully identified this far. Seven new species are described here, viz. Geodia garoupa sp. nov., Vulcanella stylifera sp. nov., Trachyteleia australis sp. nov., Echinostylinos brasiliensis sp. nov., Xestospongia kapne sp. nov., Sympagella tabachnicki sp. nov., and Leucopsacus barracuda sp. nov. Of the 24 species of sponges known from the area, only seven were found elsewhere too, thus suggesting a possible high endemism in Campos Basin. Nevertheless, the widespread occurrence of deep reef-framework building corals along a large sector of the Brazilian coast suggests these habitats and their associated fauna may be more widespread than currently appreciated. Echinostylinos patriciae nom. nov. is proposed for the New Zealand record of E. reticulatus.
South Atlantic
Abyssal, Deep-Sea
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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by
2016-12-05 13:35:12Z
created
2016-12-06 08:40:21Z
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2016-12-07 08:51:38Z
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2018-12-16 12:30:46Z
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Eastern Brazil for Leucopsacus barracuda Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016 
Eastern Brazil for Trachyteleia australis Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016 
South Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Echinostylinos brasiliensis Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016 
South Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Geodia garoupa Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016 
South Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Sympagella tabachnicki Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016 
South Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Vulcanella stylifera Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016 
South Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Xestospongia kapne Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016 
Holotype MNRJ 7359, geounit Eastern Brazil, identified as Trachyteleia australis Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016
Holotype MNRJ 13541, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Xestospongia kapne Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016
Holotype MNRJ 7328, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Echinostylinos brasiliensis Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016
Holotype MNRJ 7343, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Vulcanella stylifera Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016
Holotype MNRJ 7349, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Geodia garoupa Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016
Holotype NIWA 105240, geounit Three Kings-North Cape, identified as Echinostylinos patriciae Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016
Paratype NIWA 105473, geounit Three Kings-North Cape, identified as Echinostylinos patriciae Carvalho, Lopes, Cosme & Hajdu, 2016