WoRMS source details

Plotkin, A.; Morrow, C.; Gerasimova, E.; Rapp, H.T. (2017). Polymastiidae (Demospongiae: Hadromerida) with ornamented exotyles: a review of morphological affinities and description of a new genus and three new species. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 97 (6): 1351–1406.
231420
10.1017/S0025315416000655 [view]
Plotkin, A.; Morrow, C.; Gerasimova, E.; Rapp, H.T.
2017
Polymastiidae (Demospongiae: Hadromerida) with ornamented exotyles: a review of morphological affinities and description of a new genus and three new species.
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
97 (6): 1351–1406
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
All polymastiid sponges displaying ornamented exotyles are reviewed and their morphological affinities are reconsidered. The study embraces all known species of Proteleia, Sphaerotylus, Trachyteleia and Tylexocladus as well as several species of Polymastia. A new genus, Koltunia, is established for the Antarctic species Proteleia burtoni based on the unique shape of distal ornamentations of its giant exotyles and on the absence of a spicule palisade in its cortex, a rare feature among the polymastiids. Three new species of Sphaerotylus are described – S. renoufi from the British Isles, S. strobilis from South Africa and S. tjalfei from West Greenland. Transfer of one New Zealand species from Polymastia to Proteleia and of one Chilean species from Polymastia to Sphaerotylus is proposed. The present study provides a background for future integrative phylogenetic analyses based on comprehensive molecular and morphological datasets which should reveal the natural relationships between the polymastiid taxa.
Antarctic
Arctic Basin in general
Atlantic Ocean (without specification)
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2016-05-26 15:47:02Z
created
2017-08-29 22:23:10Z
changed
2018-02-09 09:47:49Z
changed
2019-02-08 10:57:32Z
changed

Koltunia Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 (original description)
Koltunia burtoni (Koltun, 1964) (new combination reference)
Polymastia isidis var. simplex Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Polymastia umbraculum Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997 (additional source)
Proteleia sollasi Dendy & Ridley, 1886 (additional source)
Proteleia tapetum (Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997) (new combination reference)
Sphaerotylus antarcticus Kirkpatrick, 1907 (additional source)
Sphaerotylus antarcticus var. drygalskii Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) (additional source)
Sphaerotylus borealis var. antarcticus (Kirkpatrick, 1907) accepted as Sphaerotylus antarcticus Kirkpatrick, 1907 (source of synonymy)
Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) (additional source)
Sphaerotylus exospinosus Lévi, 1993 (additional source)
Sphaerotylus exotylotus Koltun, 1970 (additional source)
Sphaerotylus raphidophora Austin, Ott, Reiswig, Romagosa & McDaniel, 2014 (additional source)
Sphaerotylus renoufi Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 (original description)
Sphaerotylus sceptrum Koltun, 1970 (additional source)
Sphaerotylus strobilis Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 (original description)
Sphaerotylus tjalfei Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 (original description)
Sphaerotylus verenae Austin, Ott, Reiswig, Romagosa & McDaniel, 2014 (additional source)
Trachyteleia stephensi Topsent, 1928 (additional source)
Tylexocladus hispidus Lévi, 1993 (additional source)
Tylexocladus joubini Topsent, 1898 (redescription)
Agulhas Bank for Sphaerotylus strobilis Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 
Antarctic Lower Bathyal Province for Koltunia burtoni (Koltun, 1964) 
Antarctic Peninsula for Sphaerotylus antarcticus Kirkpatrick, 1907 
Arctic Lower Bathyal Province for Polymastia grimaldii (Topsent, 1913) 
Arctic Lower Bathyal Province for Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) 
Celtic Seas for Sphaerotylus renoufi Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 
Celtic Seas for Sphaerotylus renoufi Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 
Celtic Seas for Sphaerotylus renoufi Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 
Celtic Seas for Sphaerotylus renoufi Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 
Celtic Seas for Sphaerotylus renoufi Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 
East Antarctic Enderby Land for Sphaerotylus antarcticus Kirkpatrick, 1907 
East Antarctic Wilkes Land for Sphaerotylus capitatus var. vanhoeffeni Hentschel, 1914 
East Greenland Shelf for Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) 
Kara Sea for Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) 
North and East Barents Sea for Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) 
North and East Barents Sea for Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) 
North and East Barents Sea for Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) 
North Sea for Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) 
Northern Norway and Finnmark for Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) 
Northern Norway and Finnmark for Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) 
Northern Norway and Finnmark for Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) 
Northern Norway and Finnmark for Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) 
Northern Norway and Finnmark for Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) 
Northern Pacific Boreal Lower Bathyal Province for Sphaerotylus exotylotus Koltun, 1970 
Northern Pacific Boreal Lower Bathyal Province for Sphaerotylus sceptrum Koltun, 1970 
Southern Norway for Polymastia andrica de Laubenfels, 1949 
Southern Norway for Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) 
Southern Norway for Sphaerotylus capitatus (Vosmaer, 1885) 
West Greenland Shelf for Sphaerotylus tjalfei Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017 
White Sea for Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) 
White Sea for Sphaerotylus borealis (Swartschewsky, 1906) 
Holotype ZIRAS 10614, geounit Oyashio Current, identified as Sphaerotylus sceptrum Koltun, 1970
Lectotype ZIRAS 10615, geounit Oyashio Current, identified as Sphaerotylus exotylotus Koltun, 1970
Holotype BMNH 1926.4.14.86.7.517, geounit Agulhas Bank, identified as Sphaerotylus strobilis Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017
Lectotype ZMB 4837, geounit East Antarctic Wilkes Land, identified as Sphaerotylus capitatus var. vanhoeffeni Hentschel, 1914
Holotype ZMUC DEM-243, geounit West Greenland Shelf, identified as Sphaerotylus tjalfei Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017
Holotype BELUM MC 5015, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Sphaerotylus renoufi Plotkin, Morrow, Gerasimova & Rapp, 2017
Holotype NMNZ Por 66, geounit Northeastern New Zealand, identified as Polymastia umbraculum Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1997