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Favia fragum (Esper, 1793)

207432  (

marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of ) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls. , available online at [details]   
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Favia fragum (Esper, 1793). Accessed through: Odido, M.; Appeltans, W.; BelHassen, M.; Mussai, P.; Nsiangango, S.E.; Vandepitte, L.; Wambiji, N.; Zamouri, N. Jiddou, A.M. (Eds) (2024) African Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-04-19
Odido, M.; Appeltans, W.; BelHassen, M.; Mussai, P.; Nsiangango, S.E.; Vandepitte, L.; Wambiji, N.; Zamouri, N. Jiddou, A.M. (Eds) (2024). African Register of Marine Species. Favia fragum (Esper, 1793). Accessed at: on 2024-04-19
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
1997-10-30 15:49:33Z
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
2013-02-06 17:41:18Z
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z
2021-04-11 10:46:47Z
2022-05-29 06:08:19Z

original description  (of ) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls. , available online at [details]   

context source (Bermuda) Sterrer, W. (1986). Marine fauna and flora of Bermuda: a systematic guide to the identification of marine organisms. <em>Wiley-Interscience Publication. Wiley.</em> 742 pp (Nemertini part). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 307: 1-32., available online at http:// [details]   

additional source Guzman, H.M., 1998. Diversity of stony, soft and black corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Antipatharia; Hydrozoa: Milleporina) at Cayos Cochinos, Bay Islands, Honduras. Rev. Biol. Trop. 46 Suppl. 4: 75-80.
page(s): 77 [details]   

additional source Verrill, A.E. (1868). Notes on Radiata in the Museum of Yale College, with descriptions of new genera and species. No. 4. Notice of the corals and Echinoderms collected by Prof. C.F. Hartt, at the Abrolhos Reefs, Province of Bahia, Brazil, 1867. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 1 (2): 351-376., available online at
page(s): 355 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., B.W. Hoeksema & J. van der Land. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 29 [details]   

additional source Steiner, S.C.C., 2003. Stony corals and reefs of Dominica. Atoll Res. Bull. : 497-508.
page(s): 5, 7 [details]   

additional source Robertson R. (1970). Review of the predators and parasites of stony Corals, with special reference to symbiotic Prosobranch Gastropods. <i>Pacific Science 24 (1)</i>: 43-54
page(s): 48 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., B.W. Hoeksema & J. van der Land. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., W.C. Jaap & J.C. Lang. (2009). Scleractinia (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico. <em>In: Felder DL. Camp DK (eds.) Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.</em> Pp. 333–347. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Cairns, S.D., J.C. den Hartog & C. Arneson. (1986). Class Anthozoa (Corals, Anemones). <em>In: Sterrer, W. (ed.). Marine fauna and flora of Bermuda, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, USA.</em> pp. 159-194.
page(s): 182, 183-184 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2002). New species described in Corals of the World. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 11: 1-209.
page(s): 139 [details]   

additional source Budd AF, Fukami H, Smith ND, Knowlton N. (2012). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 166 (3): 465-529., available online at [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1914). A revision of the recent colonial Astraeidae possessing distinct corallites. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology.</em> 17(1): 1-140, pls. 1-38. [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1902). The stony corals of the Porto Rican waters. <em>Bulletin of the United States Fish Commision for 1900.</em> 20: 289-320, pls. 1-38. [details]   

additional source Kitahara, M.V., J. Stolarski, S.D. Cairns, F. Benzoni, J.L. Stake & D.J. Miller. (2012). The first modern solitary Agariciidae (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) revealed by molecular and microstructural analysis. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 26 (3): 303-315., available online at
page(s): 305, 307 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Gravier, C. (1909). Madréporaires des îles San Thomé et du Prince (Golfe de Guinée). <em>Annales de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco.</em> 1(2), 1-28, pls. 1-9. [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1901). Some fossil corals from the elevated reefs of Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire (West Indies). <em>Sammlung Geologische Rijksmuseum. Leiden.</em> 2: 1-91. [details]   

additional source Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168.
page(s): 90-91 [details]   

additional source Verrill AE. (1901). Comparisons of the Bermudian, West Indian, and Brazilian Coral Faunae. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 169-206, pls. 10-35.
page(s): 171, 200 [details]   

additional source Cortès, J., Guzmán, H. (1985). Organismos de los arrecifes coralinos de Costa Rica III. Descripcion y distribucion geografica de corales escleractinios (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia) de la Costa Caribe. <em>Brenesia.</em> 24: 63-123. [details]   

additional source Matthai, G. (1919). Coelenterata. Part II. – Madreporaria. (a) On Favia conferta, Verrill, with notes on other Atlantic species of Favia. <em>British Antarctic (“Terra Nova)” Expedition, 1910. Natural History Report. Zoology.</em> 5 (2): 69-96, pls. 1-4. [details]   

additional source Duerden, J.E. (1902). West Indian Madreporarian polyps. <em>Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences.</em> 8: 401-648, pls. 1-25. [details]   

additional source Chevalier J-P. (1966). Contribution à l'étude des Madréporaires des côtes occidentales de l'Afrique tropicale (1re partie). <em>Bulletin de l'Institute Fondamental d'Afrique Noire. Series A: Sciences Naturelles.</em> 28 (3): 912-975, pls. 1-5. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Thiel ME. (1928). Madreporaria. <em>Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresfauna Westafrikas, Hamburg.</em> 3 (6): 251-350, pls. 1-5. [details]   

additional source Reyes J, Santodomingo N, Flórez P. (2010). Corales Escleractinios de Colombia. <em>Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (INVEMAR), Santa Marta, Colombia.</em> pp 1-246. [details]   

additional source Thiel ME. (1941). Résultats scientifiques des croisières du navire-école belge "Mercator". I. Madreporaria. <em>Mémoires du Musée royal d'histoire naturelle de Belgique, series 2.</em> 21 (2): 3-28, pls. 1-3. [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
page(s): 29 [details]   

additional source den Hartog, J. C. (1980). Caribbean Shallow Water Corallimorpharia. Zoologische Verhandelingen, (176): 83 pp.
page(s): 68 [details]   

additional source Teschima MM, Zilberberg C, Nunes FLD. (2021). Strong genetic differentiation demarks populations of Favia across biogeographic regions of the Atlantic Ocean. <em>Coral Reefs.</em> , available online at [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume III: Families Mussidae, Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae, Poritidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 3, pp. 490.
page(s): 104 [details]   

additional source Riemann-Zürneck, K.; Iken, K. (2003). Corallimorphus profundus in shallow Antarctic habitats: bionomics, histology, and systematcis (Cnidaria: Hexacorallia). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 345, 367-386
page(s): 377, 381 [details]   

additional source Zlatarski, V. N.; Estalella, N. M. (1980). Scleractinia of Cuba with data on the constituent organisms [in Bulgarian]. Bulgarian Academy of Science. Sophia., pp. 312.
page(s): 16, 19, 20, 26, 45-50, 192-196, 198-200, 203, 206, 208, 209, 211, 212, 214-216, 218-222, 229-231, 234-237, 242, 244, 246, 250, 302 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (1982). Stony corals (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa, Scleractinia) of Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. <em>Smithsonian Contribution to the Marine Sciences.</em> 12:271-302.
page(s): 272, 283-284, Figure 125d [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Miller, A. C. (1981). Cnidarian prey of the snails Coralliophila abbreviata and C. caribaea (Gastropoda: Muricidae) in Discovery Bay, Jamaica. Bulletin of Marine Science, 31(4): 932-934
page(s): 933 [details]   

additional source Goffredo, S.; Radetić, J.; Airi, V.; Zaccanti, F. (2005). Sexual reproduction of the solitary sunset cup coral Leptopsammia pruvoti (Scleractinia: Dendrophylliidae) in the Mediterranean. 1. Morphological aspects of the gametogenesis and ontogenesis. Marine Biology, 147, 485-495
page(s): 491, 492 [details]   

additional source Smith FGW. (1954). Gulf of Mexico Madreporaria. <em>Fisheries Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.).</em> 55, 291-295.
page(s): 293 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 63, 90-91, 111 [details]   

additional source Fan, T. Y.; Lin, K. H.; Kuo, F. W.; Soong, K.; Liu, L. L.; Fang, L. S. (2006). Diel patterns of larval release by five brooding scleractinian corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 321, 133-142
page(s): 138 [details]   

additional source Almy CC, Carrión-Torres C. (1963). Shallow water stony corals of Puerto Rico. <em>Caribbean Journal of Science.</em> 3: 269-279. [details]   

additional source Sánchez M, Armando J. (1995). Benthic communities and geomorphology of the Tesoro Island coral reef, Colombian Caribbean. <em>Boletín de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras-INVEMAR,.</em> 24(1):.55-77. [details]   

additional source Zlatarski V. (1972). Sobre la fauna coralina de Cuba. <em>Circulares del Museo y Biblioteca de Zoologia de la Habana.</em> 13(351): 1501-1507. [details]   

additional source Perrin, C., Cuif, J.P. (1999). Micromorphology and microstructure as expressions of scleractinian skeletogenesis in Favia fragum (Esper, 1795) (Faviidae, Scleractinia). <em>Zoosystema.</em> 21(2): 137-156. [details]   

additional source Adam, C. D. L.; Toonen, R. J.; Carlon, D. B.; Zilberberg, C.; Barbeitos, M. S. (2024). Genetic structuring and species boundaries in the Atlantic stony coral <i>Favia</i> (Scleractinia, Faviidae). <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> , available online at [details]   
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