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WoRMS taxon details

Cavernulina Kükenthal & Broch, 1911

206748  (



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  1. Species Cavernulina darwini (Hickson, 1921)
  2. Species Cavernulina grandiflora d'Hondt, 1984
  3. Species Cavernulina orientalis (Thomson & Simpson, 1909)
  4. Species Cavernulina cylindrica Kükenthal & Broch, 1911 accepted as Cavernulina orientalis (Thomson & Simpson, 1909) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  5. Species Cavernulina ornata Thomson & Simpson accepted as Cavernulina orientalis (Thomson & Simpson, 1909) (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling, figure legend erroneously lists Cavernulina orientalis as C. ornata)
  6. Species Cavernulina andamanensis (Thomson & Simpson, 1909) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Kükenthal, W.; Broch, H. (1911). Pennatulacea. <em>Wissensch. Ergebn. Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition "Valdivia".</em> 13(1), 2: i-iv + 113-576, plates 13-29.
page(s): 172-173 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Cavernulina Kükenthal & Broch, 1911. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-07-23
1998-11-19 14:34:27Z
2005-06-01 21:18:29Z
2006-09-07 06:51:43Z
Martinez, Olga
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
2019-06-25 05:41:35Z
2019-12-07 16:54:44Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Kükenthal, W.; Broch, H. (1911). Pennatulacea. <em>Wissensch. Ergebn. Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition "Valdivia".</em> 13(1), 2: i-iv + 113-576, plates 13-29.
page(s): 172-173 [details]   

basis of record Williams, G.C. (1992). Biogeography of the octocorallian coelenterate fauna of southern Africa. <em>Biol. J. Linn. Soc.</em> 46: 351-401. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Williams G.C. (1995). Living genera of sea pens (Coelenterata: Pennatulacea): illustrated key and synopses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 113, pp. 93-140.
page(s): 103 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1999). Index Pennatulacea: annotated bibliography and indexes of the Sea Pens (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) of the World 1469-1999. <em>Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci.</em> 51(2): 19-103, 1 fig., 14 plates. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1990). The Pennatulacea of southern Africa (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum. Annale van die Suid-Afrikaanse Museum.</em> 99:31-119., available online at
page(s): 36, 39, 110 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1997). Preliminary assessment of the phylogeny of Pennatulacea (Anthozoa: Octocorallia), with a reevaluation of Ediacaran frond-like fossils, and a synopsis of the history of evolutionary thought regarding the sea pens. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Coelenterate Biology, 497-509
page(s): 502, 503 [details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 


Japanese ミナミウミサボテン属  [details]