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Spondylus Linnaeus, 1758

138518  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138518)

accepted
Genus
Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus anacanthus Mawe, 1823
Species Spondylus asperrimus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847
Species Spondylus butleri Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus candidus Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus darwini Jousseaume, 1882
Species Spondylus echinatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus exilis G. B. Sowerby III, 1895
Species Spondylus fauroti Jousseaume, 1888
Species Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Spondylus gloriandus Melvill & Standen, 1907
Species Spondylus gravis Fulton, 1915
Species Spondylus groschi Lamprell & Kilburn, 1995
Species Spondylus heidkeae Lamprell & Healy, 2001
Species Spondylus layardi Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus limbatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847
Species Spondylus multisetosus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus occidens G. B. Sowerby III, 1903
Species Spondylus pratii Parth, 1990
Species Spondylus regius Linnaeus, 1758
Species Spondylus senegalensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus sinensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus spinosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus squamosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus tenuispinosus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847
Species Spondylus variegatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus varius G. B. Sowerby I, 1827
Species Spondylus versicolor Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus zonalis Lamarck, 1819

Species Spondylus pickeringae Lamprell, 1998 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Spondylus aculeatus Broderip, 1833 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus aurantius Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus versicolor Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus barbatus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus squamosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus castus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus echinatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus coccineus Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus limbatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 (invalid: junior homonym of S. coccineus Schreibers, 1793; S. punicus is a replacement name)
Species Spondylus darwini Jousseaume, 1882, sensu Lamprell & Healy, 1998 accepted as Spondylus asperrimus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 (misapplication)
Species Spondylus ducalis Röding, 1798 accepted as Spondylus sinensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus echinatus d'Orbigny, 1853 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus fragilis G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus sinensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus herinaceus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus zonalis Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus hystrix Röding, 1798 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus igneus Fulton, 1915 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus imbutus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus longitudinalis Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus marisrubri Röding, 1798 accepted as Spondylus spinosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus microlepos sensu Lamprell, 1986 accepted as Spondylus heidkeae Lamprell & Healy, 2001 (misapplication)
Species Spondylus nudus Reeve, 1842 accepted as Spondylus anacanthus Mawe, 1823
Species Spondylus obliquus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus anacanthus Mawe, 1823 (non Münster, 1841)
Species Spondylus petroselinum G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus pictorum Schreibers, 1793 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus plurispinosus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus versicolor Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus princeps Schreibers, 1793 accepted as Spondylus sinensis Schreibers, 1793 (declared nomen oblitum in Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 57, p. 7)
Species Spondylus radians Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus rostratus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus sinensis G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus squamosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus smytheae Lamprell, 1998 accepted as Spondylus fauroti Jousseaume, 1888
Species Spondylus somalicus Parth & Philippe, 1992 accepted as Spondylus gravis Fulton, 1915
Species Spondylus sparsispinosus Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus varians accepted as Spondylus varius G. B. Sowerby I, 1827 (probably a misspelling)
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 645, 690 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Spondylus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Odido, M.; Appeltans, W.; BelHassen, M.; Mussai, P.; Nsiangango, S.E.; Vandepitte, L.; Wambiji, N.; Zamouri, N. Jiddou, A.M. (Eds) (2021) African Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/afremas%20/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138518 on 2021-12-09
Odido, M.; Appeltans, W.; BelHassen, M.; Mussai, P.; Nsiangango, S.E.; Vandepitte, L.; Wambiji, N.; Zamouri, N. Jiddou, A.M. (Eds) (2021). African Register of Marine Species. Spondylus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/afremas/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138518 on 2021-12-09
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2013-05-15 15:01:05Z
changed
2018-10-20 11:57:08Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 645, 690 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record Lamprell, K.L. (1998). Recent Spondylus species from the Middle East and adjacent regions, with the description of two new species. <em>Vita Marina.</em> 45(1-2): 41-60., available online at http://www.strandvondsten.nl/bibliotheek/vita_marina_magazine/Vita_Marina_41-47/vita_marina_45-01-02.pdf#page=43 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   

subsequent type designation Schmidt F.C. 1818, Versuch über die beste Einrichtung zur Aufstellung: Behandlung und Aufbewahrung der verschiedenen Naturkörper und gegenṣtände der Kunst, vorzüglich der Conchylien-Sammlungen, nebst kurzer Beurtheilung der conchyliologischen Systeme und Schriften und einer tabellarischen Zusammenstellung und Vergleichung der sechs besten und neuesten conchyliologischen Systeme. Gotha, J. Perth, 252 pp. , available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015061903053#view=1up;seq=15
page(s): 61 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Spondylus gaederopus
 Spondylus gaederopus
[image from typetaxon]

Spondylus cf. gaederopus
 Spondylus cf. gaede...
[image from typetaxon]

Spondylus cf. gaederopus
 Spondylus cf. gaede...
[image from typetaxon]

Spondylus cf. gaederopus
 Spondylus cf. gaede...
[image from typetaxon]

Spondylus gaederopus
 Spondylus gaederopus
[image from typetaxon]

Spondylus gaederopus
 Spondylus gaederopus
[image from typetaxon]

To NMNH Paleobiology Collection (USNM PAL 617474 617475 617476)
To NMNH Paleobiolog...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Paleobiology Collection (USNM PAL 617474 617475 617476)
To NMNH Paleobiolog...
[hosted externally]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 055693)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]