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WoRMS taxon details

Sycon Risso, 1827

131723  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131723)

accepted
Genus
Sycon humboldti Risso, 1827 (type by monotypy)
Dunstervillia Bowerbank, 1845 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Homoderma Lendenfeld, 1885 · unaccepted (preoccupied and junior synonym)
Leuckartea Haeckel, 1872 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Scypha Gray, 1821 · unaccepted (nomen oblitum)
Streptoconus Jenkin, 1908 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Sycarium Haeckel, 1869 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Sycocystis Haeckel, 1870 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Sycodendron Haeckel, 1870 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Sycodendrum Haeckel, 1869 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Syconella Schmidt, 1868 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Sycortis Haeckel, 1872 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Sycum Agassiz, 1846 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Tenthrenodes Jenkin, 1908 · unaccepted (junior synonym)

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  1. Species Sycon abyssale Borojevic & Graat-Kleeton, 1965
  2. Species Sycon acanthoxea (Little, 1963)
  3. Species Sycon album Tanita, 1942
  4. Species Sycon ampulla (Haeckel, 1870)
  5. Species Sycon ancora Klautau, Imesek, Azevedo, Plese, Nikolic & Cetkovic, 2016
  6. Species Sycon antarcticum (Jenkin, 1908)
  7. Species Sycon australe (Jenkin, 1908)
  8. Species Sycon avus Chagas & Cavalcanti, 2017
  9. Species Sycon barbadense (Schuffner, 1877)
  10. Species Sycon bellum Chagas & Cavalcanti, 2017
  11. Species Sycon boreale (Schuffner, 1877)
  12. Species Sycon brasiliense Borojevic, 1971
  13. Species Sycon calcaravis Hôzawa, 1929
  14. Species Sycon caminatum Thacker, 1908
  15. Species Sycon capricorn Wörheide & Hooper, 2003
  16. Species Sycon carteri Dendy, 1893
  17. Species Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780)
  18. Species Sycon coactum (Urban, 1906)
  19. Species Sycon compactum Lambe, 1893
  20. Species Sycon conulosum Cóndor-Luján, Louzada, Hajdu & Klautau, 2018
  21. Species Sycon cylindricum Tanita, 1942
  22. Species Sycon defendens Borojevic, 1967
  23. Species Sycon digitiforme Hôzawa, 1929
  24. Species Sycon dunstervillia (Haeckel, 1872)
  25. Species Sycon eglintonense Lambe, 1900
  26. Species Sycon elegans (Bowerbank, 1845)
  27. Species Sycon ensiferum Dendy, 1893
  28. Species Sycon escanabense Duplessis & Reiswig, 2000
  29. Species Sycon faulkneri Ilan, Gugel, Galil & Janussen, 2003
  30. Species Sycon formosum (Haeckel, 1870)
  31. Species Sycon frustulosum Borojevic & Peixinho, 1976
  32. Species Sycon gelatinosum (Blainville, 1834)
  33. Species Sycon giganteum Dendy, 1893
  34. Species Sycon globulatum Hôzawa, 1929
  35. Species Sycon grantioides Dendy, 1916
  36. Species Sycon helleri (Lendenfeld, 1891)
  37. Species Sycon hozawai Breitfuss, 1932
  38. Species Sycon huinayense Azevedo, Hajdu, Willenz & Klautau, 2009
  39. Species Sycon humboldti Risso, 1827
  40. Species Sycon inconspicuum (Lendenfeld, 1885)
  41. Species Sycon incrustans Breitfuss, 1898
  42. Species Sycon karajakense Breitfuss, 1897
  43. Species Sycon kerguelense Urban, 1908
  44. Species Sycon lambei Dendy & Row, 1913
  45. Species Sycon lendenfeldi Row & Hôzawa, 1931
  46. Species Sycon lingua (Haeckel, 1870)
  47. Species Sycon lunulatum (Haeckel, 1872)
  48. Species Sycon luteolum Tanita, 1942
  49. Species Sycon magnapicale Cóndor-Luján, Louzada, Hajdu & Klautau, 2018
  50. Species Sycon matsushimense Tanita, 1940
  51. Species Sycon mexico Hôzawa, 1940
  52. Species Sycon minutum Dendy, 1892
  53. Species Sycon misakiensis Hôzawa, 1929
  54. Species Sycon mundulum Lambe, 1900
  55. Species Sycon munitum Jenkin, 1908
  56. Species Sycon natalense Borojevic, 1967
  57. Species Sycon okadai Hôzawa, 1929
  58. Species Sycon ornatum Kirk, 1897
  59. Species Sycon oscari Van Soest & De Voogd, 2018
  60. Species Sycon parvulum (Preiwisch, 1904)
  61. Species Sycon pedicellatum Kirk, 1897
  62. Species Sycon pentactinale Rossi, Farina, Borojevic & Klautau, 2006
  63. Species Sycon plumosum Tanita, 1943
  64. Species Sycon proboscideum (Haeckel, 1870)
  65. Species Sycon pulchrum Tanita, 1943
  66. Species Sycon quadrangulatum (Schmidt, 1868)
  67. Species Sycon ramsayi (Lendenfeld, 1885)
  68. Species Sycon raphanus Schmidt, 1862
  69. Species Sycon rotundum Tanita, 1941
  70. Species Sycon satsumensis Hôzawa, 1929
  71. Species Sycon scaldiense (Van Koolwijk, 1982)
  72. Species Sycon schmidti (Haeckel, 1872)
  73. Species Sycon schuffneri Dendy & Row, 1913
  74. Species Sycon setosum Schmidt, 1862
  75. Species Sycon simushirense Hôzawa, 1918
  76. Species Sycon stauriferum (Preiwisch, 1904)
  77. Species Sycon subhispidum (Carter, 1886)
  78. Species Sycon sycandra (Lendenfeld, 1895)
  79. Species Sycon tuba Lendenfeld, 1891
  80. Species Sycon urugamii Tanita, 1940
  81. Species Sycon verum Row & Hôzawa, 1931
  82. Species Sycon vigilans Sarà & Gaino, 1971
  83. Species Sycon villosum (Haeckel, 1870)
  84. Species Sycon yatsui Hôzawa, 1929
  85. Species Sycon ampullum accepted as Sycon ampulla (Haeckel, 1870) (misspelling of species name)
  86. Species Sycon arcticum (Haeckel, 1870) accepted as Grantia arctica (Haeckel, 1872) (unaccepted > nomen nudum, Nomen nudum)
  87. Species Sycon asperum Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Leucandra aspera (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer)
  88. Species Sycon asperum Lambe, 1896 accepted as Sycon lambei Dendy & Row, 1913 (preoccupied)
  89. Species Sycon boomerang Dendy, 1893 accepted as Grantessa boomerang (Dendy, 1893) (genus transfer)
  90. Species Sycon capillosus (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Grantia capillosa (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer)
  91. Species Sycon compressum (Fabricius, 1780) accepted as Grantia compressa (Fabricius, 1780) (genus transfer)
  92. Species Sycon coronatum (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (junior synonym)
  93. Species Sycon dendyi Kirk, 1895 accepted as Sycute dendyi (Kirk, 1895) (genus transfer)
  94. Species Sycon eglintonensis Lambe, 1900 accepted as Sycon eglintonense Lambe, 1900 (corrected species name)
  95. Species Sycon escanabensis Duplessis & Reiswig, 2000 accepted as Sycon escanabense Duplessis & Reiswig, 2000 (agreement in gender)
  96. Species Sycon humboldtii accepted as Sycon humboldti Risso, 1827 (misspelling of species name)
  97. Species Sycon longstaffi (Jenkin, 1908) accepted as Sycantha longstaffi (Jenkin, 1908) (genus transfer)
  98. Species Sycon petiolatum Schmidt in Haeckel, 1870 accepted as Sycon ampulla (Haeckel, 1870) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  99. Species Sycon protectum Lambe, 1896 accepted as Grantia arctica (Haeckel, 1872) (unaccepted > junior objective synonym, Synonym)
  100. Species Sycon quadrangulata (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Sycon quadrangulatum (Schmidt, 1868) (Variation: gender epitheton)
  101. Species Sycon quadratum (Schuffner, 1877) accepted as Sycon schuffneri Dendy & Row, 1913 (preoccupied)
  102. Species Sycon ramosum (Smith in Haeckel, 1872) accepted as Grantessa ramosa (Smith in Haeckel, 1872) (genus transfer)
  103. Species Sycon simushirensis Hôzawa, 1918 accepted as Sycon simushirense Hôzawa, 1918 (gender matching)
  104. Species Sycon tabulatum (Schuffner, 1877) accepted as Sycon oscari Van Soest & De Voogd, 2018 (junior homonymy)
  105. Species Sycon tenellum Lendenfeld, 1891 accepted as Sycantha tenella Lendenfeld, 1891
  106. Species Sycon tergestinum (Haeckel, 1872) accepted as Sycon raphanus Schmidt, 1862 (junior synonym)
  107. Species Sycon asperum (Gibson, 1886) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  108. Species Sycon poireti Risso, 1827 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
neuter
Risso, A. (1827). Histoire Naturelle des Principales Productions de l'Europe Méridionale et Particulièrement de Celles des Environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Tome V. <em>Paris: F.-G. Levrault.</em> i-viii + 1-403 pp., [pls. 1-10], figs. 1-62., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39428259
page(s): 368 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Status The genus name Sycon Risso, 1827 is preoccupied by Scypha S.F. Gray, 1821. Van Soest & Klautau (2021) proposed to the ICZN...  
Status The genus name Sycon Risso, 1827 is preoccupied by Scypha S.F. Gray, 1821. Van Soest & Klautau (2021) proposed to the ICZN to conserve the name Sycon over the unused name Scypha[details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Goodwin, C.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Lim, S.C.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.; Pinheiro, U.; Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Turner, T.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M.; Xavier, J. (2024). World Porifera Database. Sycon Risso, 1827. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131723 on 2024-05-26
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-04-03 15:15:02Z
changed
2009-05-06 11:23:27Z
changed
2012-10-18 10:48:19Z
changed
2018-03-01 15:11:42Z
changed
2020-12-15 13:26:06Z
changed
2021-11-10 20:51:27Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Risso, A. (1827). Histoire Naturelle des Principales Productions de l'Europe Méridionale et Particulièrement de Celles des Environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Tome V. <em>Paris: F.-G. Levrault.</em> i-viii + 1-403 pp., [pls. 1-10], figs. 1-62., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39428259
page(s): 368 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Syconella Schmidt, 1868) Schmidt, O. (1868). Die Spongien der Küste von Algier. Mit Nachträgen zu den Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres (Drittes Supplement). (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-44, pls I-V.
page(s): 29 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Sycortis Haeckel, 1872) Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. <em>G. Reimer:Berlin.</em> (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Dunstervillia Bowerbank, 1845) Bowerbank, J.S. (1845). Description of a new genus of Calcareous Sponge. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 15 (99): 297-300 ,pl. XVII.
page(s): 297 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Homoderma Lendenfeld, 1885) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1885). The Homocoela hitherto described from Australia and the new family Homodermidae. <em>Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.</em> 9: 896-907. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Scypha Gray, 1821) Gray, S.F. (1821). A natural arrangement of British Plants. Volume I. Baldwin, London: i-xxvii, 1-821, 21 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/30086635 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Leuckartea Haeckel, 1872) Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. <em>G. Reimer:Berlin.</em> (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Streptoconus Jenkin, 1908) Jenkin, C.F. (1908). Porifera. III. Calcarea. National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904. <em>Natural History, Zoology.</em> 4: 1-49, pls XXVII-XXXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Sycarium Haeckel, 1869) Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. <em>G. Reimer:Berlin.</em> (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Sycocystis Haeckel, 1870) Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. <em>G. Reimer:Berlin.</em> (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Sycodendron Haeckel, 1870) Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. <em>G. Reimer:Berlin.</em> (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Sycodendrum Haeckel, 1869) Haeckel, E. (1872). Die Kalkschwämme. Eine Monographie in zwei Bänden Text und einem Atlas mit 60 Tafeln Abbildungen. <em>G. Reimer:Berlin.</em> (1: 1-484) 2: 1-418 (3: pls 1-60). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Tenthrenodes Jenkin, 1908) Jenkin, C.F. (1908). Porifera. III. Calcarea. National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904. <em>Natural History, Zoology.</em> 4: 1-49, pls XXVII-XXXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Sycum Agassiz, 1846) Agassiz, L. (1846). Nomenclatoris Zoologici Index Universalis, continens nomina systematica classium, ordinum, familiarum et generum animalium omnium, tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum unicum disposita, adjectis homonymus plantarum nec non variis adnotationibus et emendationibus. i-x, 1-1135. Soloduri. : Sumptibus Jent et Gassman., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33664307 [details]   

basis of record Borojevic, R.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Manuel, M.; Vacelet, J. (2002). Order Leucosolenida Hartman, 1958. Pp. 1157-1184. <em>In: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. 2 volumes.</em> Kluwer Academic/Plenum, NY, 1708 + xvliii. ISBN 0-306-47260-0 (printed version). (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Borojevic, R.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Manuel, M.; Vacelet, J. (2002 [2004]). Order Leucosolenida Hartman, 1958. Pp. 1157-11884. <i>In:</i> Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). <i>Systema Porifera - A guide to the classification of sponges</i>. (2 volumes) Kluwer Academic/ Plenum, NY, 1708+xvliii. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source Van Soest, R.W.M; Klautau, M. (2021). Case 3836 – <i>Sycon</i> Risso, 1827 (Porifera, Sycettidae): proposed conservation of the genus name. <em>The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.</em> 78(2): 69-77., available online at https://doi.org/10.21805/bzn.v78.a023 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Status The genus name Sycon Risso, 1827 is preoccupied by Scypha S.F. Gray, 1821. Van Soest & Klautau (2021) proposed to the ICZN to conserve the name Sycon over the unused name Scypha[details]
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LanguageName 
English hairy tube-sponges  [details]