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WoRMS taxon details

Phymanthus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851

100772  (

Phimanthus · unaccepted
Phymantes · unaccepted
Phymantus · unaccepted


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  1. Subgenus Phymanthus (Ixalactis)
    1. Species Phymanthus (Ixalactis) loligo (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Phymanthus loligo (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834)
  2. Species Phymanthus buitendijki Pax, 1924
  3. Species Phymanthus coeruleus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
  4. Species Phymanthus crucifer (Le Sueur, 1817)
  5. Species Phymanthus levis Kwietniewski, 1898
  6. Species Phymanthus loligo (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834)
  7. Species Phymanthus muscosus Haddon & Shackleton, 1893
  8. Species Phymanthus pinnulatus Martens in Klunzinger, 1877
  9. Species Phymanthus pulcher (Andrès, 1883)
  10. Species Phymanthus rhizophorae (Mitchell, 1890)
  11. Species Phymanthus sansibaricus Carlgren, 1900
  12. Species Phymanthus strandesi Carlgren, 1900
  13. Species Phymanthus caeruleus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) accepted as Phymanthus coeruleus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
  14. Species Phymanthus canous Corrêa, 1964 (unaccepted > nomen nudum, name unavailable according to ICZN Article 11.1: no description published)
  15. Species Phymanthus cruciferus accepted as Phymanthus crucifer (Le Sueur, 1817)
  16. Species Phymanthus laevis Kwietniewski, 1898 accepted as Phymanthus levis Kwietniewski, 1898
  17. Species Phymanthus mucosus accepted as Phymanthus muscosus Haddon & Shackleton, 1893
  18. Species Phymanthus pinnulatum Martens in Klunzinger, 1877 accepted as Phymanthus pinnulatus Martens in Klunzinger, 1877
  19. Species Phymanthus pulchra (Andres, 1883) accepted as Phymanthus pulcher (Andrès, 1883)
  20. Species Phymanthus pulcra accepted as Phymanthus pulcher (Andrès, 1883)
  21. Species Phymanthus rhizophoreae accepted as Phymanthus rhizophorae (Mitchell, 1890)
  22. Species Phymanthus simplex Haddon & Shackleton, 1893 accepted as Heteractis aurora (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
marine, terrestrial
Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1851). Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains palaeozoïques, précédée d'un tableau général de la classification des polypes. <em>Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives.</em> 5: 1–502, 20 pls., available online at
page(s): 11 [details]   
Rodríguez, E.; Fautin, D; Daly, M. (2024). World List of Actiniaria. Phymanthus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-06-22
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2006-09-27 07:06:07Z
Martinez, Olga
2015-10-06 13:36:17Z
2020-10-01 14:53:24Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1851). Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains palaeozoïques, précédée d'un tableau général de la classification des polypes. <em>Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives.</em> 5: 1–502, 20 pls., available online at
page(s): 11 [details]   

original description  (of Thelaceros Mitchell, 1890) Mitchell, P. C. (1890). Thelaceros rhizophoræ, n. g. et sp., an actinian from Celebes. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 30, 2, 551-563
page(s): 557 [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; den Hartog, J.H. (2001). Actiniaria, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 106-109 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at [details]   

additional source Doumenc D. & Foubert A. (1984). Microinformatique et taxonomie des actinies: Cle mondiale des genres. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, 60, 1, 43-86.
page(s): 57, 65, 72, 76, 81, 82, 83 [details]   

additional source Stephenson, T. A., Stephenson, Anne, Tandy, G. and Spender, N. 1931. The structure and ecology of Low Isles and other reefs. Great Barrier Reef Expedition Scientific Reports 3(2): 17-112.
page(s): 54, 56, 106 [details]   

additional source Andres, A. (1884). Le attinie. Volume primo, contente bibliografia, introduzione e specigrafia. , available online at
page(s): 292 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1949). A survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. <em>Kungliga Svenska Vet- enskapsakadamiens Handlingar.</em> 1: 1–121.
page(s): 74-75 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1943). East-Asiatic Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. <em>Kungliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar.</em> 20: 1-43, pls. 1-2.
page(s): 30 [details]   

additional source Andres, A. (1883). Le Attinie (Monografia). Coi Tipi der Salviucci. Roma., volume 1 (Bibliografia, introduzione e specigrafia), pp. 460.
page(s): 292-293 [details]   

additional source Doumenc, D. A. (1973). Notes sur les actinies de Polynésie Française. Cahiers du Pacifique, (17): 173-204
page(s): 197 [details]   

additional source England, K. W. (1988). Redefinitions and systematics of Heteractis aurora, the genera Heteractis and Radianthus, and the family Heteractidae (Cnidaria: Actiniaria). Indo-Malayan Zoology, 5, 45-55
page(s): 47, 49, 53 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1940). A contribution to the knowledge of the structure and distribution of the cnidae in the Anthozoa. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets Handlingar, 51, N.F., (3): 1-62
page(s): 7, 35 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1945). Further contributions to the knowledge of the cnidom in the Anthozoa especially in the Actiniaria. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets Handlingar, 56, N.F., (9): 1-24
page(s): 22 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G. (1988). Sea anemones (Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia) of Madang Province. Science in New Guinea, 14(1): 22-29
page(s): 25 [details]   

additional source McMurrich, J. P. (1893). Report on the Actiniæ collected by the United States Fish Commission Steamer Albatross during the winter of 1887-1888. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 16(930): 119-216
page(s): 129 [details]   

additional source Kwietniewski, C. R. (1897). Actiniaria von Ternate. Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 23, 321-345
page(s): 335-336 [details]   

additional source Stephenson, T. A.; Stephenson, A.; Tandy, G. (1931). The ecology of Low Isles. Scientific Reports of the Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29, III(2), 35-68
page(s): 56 [details]   

additional source den Hartog, J. C. (1997). The sea anemone fauna of Indonesian coral reefs. Periplus Editions. Republic of Singapore., chapter Box 8.2, volume 7, pp. 351-370
page(s): 356 [details]   

additional source Uchida, H.; Soyama, I. (2001). Sea Anemones in Japanese Waters. TBS. Japan., pp. 157.
page(s): 100, 151, 155 [details]   

additional source Barrios-Suárez, L. M.; Reyes, J. O.; Navas, G. R.; García, C. B. (2002). Distribution of anemones (Anthozoa: Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia) in the area of Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean [Distribución de las anémonas (Anthozoa: Actiniaria y Corallimorpharia) en el área de Santa Marta, Caribe columbiano]. Ciencias Marinas, 28(1): 37-48
page(s): 41, 43 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H. (1974). On evolution in the Anthozoa. Proceedings of the Second International Coral Reef Symposium, 1, 533-560
page(s): 544, 547 [details]   

additional source Rodríguez, E.; Daly, M. (2010). Phylogenetic relationships among deep-sea and chemosynthetic sea anemones: Actinoscyphyiidae and Actinostolidae (Actiniaria: Mesomyaria). Public Library of Science One, 5, 6, 1-8
page(s): 4, 5 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G.; Zelenchuk, T.; Raveendran, D. (2007). Genera of orders Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Hexacorallia), and their type species. Zootaxa, 1668, 183-244
page(s): 223 [details]   

additional source Dunn, D. F. (1982). Cnidaria. McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York and other cities., volume 1, pp. 669-706
page(s): 699 [details]   

additional source Andres, A. (1883). Le Attinie. Atti dell' Accademia de Lincei, 14, 3, Memorie, 211-673
page(s): 480, 500-501, 640 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 


English rock anemone [from synonym]  [details]