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Randall, J. E. (1992). Red Sea Reef Fishes. Immel Publishing.
Randall, J. E.
Red Sea Reef Fishes
Immel Publishing
The purpose of this book is to provide means for the identification of the most common reef fishes in the Red Sea. The objective being to present minimum information required to identify each species positively. Other remarks in species accounts may include comments on habitat (particularly if fishes are found in other environments than coral reefs), depth of occurrence in metres, and something of their natural history and habitats when known.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z

Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801) (basis of record)
Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Agrioposphyraena barracuda (Walbaum, 1792) accepted as Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771) (source of synonymy)
Alticus kirkii (Günther, 1868) (basis of record)
Amblyeleotris steinitzi (Klausewitz, 1974) (basis of record)
Amblyeleotris sungami (Klausewitz, 1969) (basis of record)
Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847) (basis of record)
Anampses amboinensis Bleeker, 1857 accepted as Anampses meleagrides Valenciennes, 1840 (source of synonymy)
Anampses lineatus Randall, 1972 (basis of record)
Anampses meleagrides Valenciennes, 1840 (basis of record)
Antennarius commersonii (Cuvier, 1817) accepted as Antennarius commerson (Lacepède, 1798) (basis of record)
Anthias taeniatus Klunzinger, 1884 accepted as Pseudanthias taeniatus (Klunzinger, 1884) (basis of record)
Anyperodon leucogrammicus (Valenciennes, 1828) (basis of record)
Apogon annularis Rüppell, 1829 accepted as Nectamia annularis (Rüppell, 1829) (basis of record)
Apogon bifasciatus Rüppell, 1838 accepted as Apogonichthyoides taeniatus (Cuvier, 1828) (basis of record)
Apogon kallopterus Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Pristiapogon kallopterus (Bleeker, 1856) (additional source)
Apogon snyderi Jordan & Evermann, 1903 accepted as Pristiapogon kallopterus (Bleeker, 1856) (source of synonymy)
Arothron diadematus (Rüppell, 1829) (basis of record)
Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1836) (additional source)
Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 (basis of record)
Bathygobius cyclopterus (Valenciennes, 1837) (basis of record)
Caesio suevicus Klunzinger, 1884 accepted as Caesio suevica Klunzinger, 1884 (basis of record)
Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner, 1903) (additional source)
Callyodon apridentatus Smith, 1956 accepted as Scarus ghobban Forsskål, 1775 (source of synonymy)
Callyodon bipallidus Smith, 1956 accepted as Chlorurus sordidus (Forsskål, 1775) (source of synonymy)
Callyodon frenatus (Lacepède, 1802) accepted as Scarus frenatus Lacepède, 1802 (source of synonymy)
Callyodon ghobban (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Scarus ghobban Forsskål, 1775 (source of synonymy)
Callyodon sexvittatus (Rüppell, 1835) accepted as Scarus frenatus Lacepède, 1802 (source of synonymy)
Callyodon vermiculatus Fowler & Bean, 1928 accepted as Scarus frenatus Lacepède, 1802 (source of synonymy)
Calotomus viridescens (Rüppell, 1835) (basis of record)
Canthigaster cinctus Jordan & Evermann, 1905 accepted as Canthigaster coronata (Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Canthigaster coronata (Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875) (basis of record)
Canthigaster pygmaea Allen & Randall, 1977 (basis of record)
Carangoides auroguttatus (Cuvier, 1833) accepted as Carangoides bajad (Forsskål, 1775) (source of synonymy)
Carangoides bajad (Forsskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827) (additional source)
Cephalopholis argus Schneider, 1801 (basis of record)
Cephalopholis hemistiktos (Rüppell, 1830) (basis of record)
Cephalopholis miniata (Forsskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Cephalopholis oligosticta Randall & Ben-Tuvia, 1983 (basis of record)
Cephalopholis sexmaculata (Rüppell, 1830) (basis of record)
Chaetodon larvatus Cuvier, 1831 (basis of record)
Chaetodon mesoleucos Forsskål, 1775 (basis of record)
Cheilinus abudjubbe Rüppell, 1835 (basis of record)
Cheilinus mentalis Rüppell, 1828 accepted as Oxycheilinus mentalis (Rüppell, 1828) (basis of record)
Chilomycterus orbicularis (Bloch, 1785) accepted as Cyclichthys orbicularis (Bloch, 1785) (basis of record)
Chilomycterus spilostylus Leis & Randall, 1982 accepted as Cyclichthys spilostylus (Leis & Randall, 1982) (basis of record)
Chromis pelloura Randall & Allen, 1982 (basis of record)
Chromis trialpha Allen & Randall, 1981 (basis of record)
Cirrhilabrus blatteus Springer & Randall, 1974 (basis of record)
Cirrhilabrus rubriventralis Springer & Randall, 1974 (basis of record)
Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus (Bleeker, 1855) (basis of record)
Coris variegata Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887 accepted as Coris aygula Lacepède, 1801 (basis of record)
Corythoichthys flavofasciatus (Rüppell, 1838) (basis of record)
Corythoichthys nigripectus Herald, 1953 (basis of record)
Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus (Rüppell, 1830) (basis of record)
Cryptocentrus lutheri Klausewitz, 1960 (basis of record)
Ctenogobiops maculosus (Fourmanoir, 1955) (basis of record)
Dascyllus marginatus (Rüppell, 1829) (basis of record)
Diplodus noct (Valenciennes, 1830) (basis of record)
Diploprion drachi Roux-Estève, 1955 (basis of record)
Dunckerocampus dactyliophorus (Bleeker, 1853) (basis of record)
Dunckerocampus multiannulatus (Regan, 1903) (basis of record)
Ecsenius aroni Springer, 1971 (basis of record)
Ecsenius frontalis (Valenciennes, 1836) (basis of record)
Ecsenius gravieri (Pellegrin, 1906) (basis of record)
Ecsenius nalolo Smith, 1959 (basis of record)
Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Epinephelus chewa Morgans, 1966 accepted as Epinephelus tauvina (Forsskål, 1775) (source of synonymy)
Epinephelus chlorostigma (Valenciennes, 1828) (basis of record)
Epinephelus elongatus Schultz, 1953 accepted as Epinephelus tauvina (Forsskål, 1775) (source of synonymy)
Epinephelus fasciatus (Forsskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (Forsskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Epinephelus geoffroyi Klunzinger accepted as Epinephelus chlorostigma (Valenciennes, 1828) (source of synonymy)
Epinephelus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (additional source)
Epinephelus microdon (Bleeker, 1856) accepted as Epinephelus polyphekadion (Bleeker, 1849) (basis of record)
Epinephelus tauvina (Forsskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Flammeo sammara (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Glyphisodon coelestinus Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon melanopus Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Neoglyphidodon melas (Cuvier, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon rahti Cuvier, 1830 accepted as Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Glyphisodon sexfasciatus Bleeker (basis of record)
Gonochaetodon larvatus (Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1831) accepted as Chaetodon larvatus Cuvier, 1831 (source of synonymy)
Gorgasia sillneri Klausewitz, 1962 (basis of record)
Halichoeres centriquadrus (Lacepède, 1801) accepted as Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède, 1801) (source of synonymy)
Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède, 1801) (additional source)
Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell, 1835 (basis of record)
Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes, 1839) (basis of record)
Harengula bipunctata Valenciennes, 1847 accepted as Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell, 1837) (source of synonymy)
Harengula ovalis (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830) accepted as Herklotsichthys ovalis (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830) (source of synonymy)
Heniochus diphreutes Jordan, 1903 (basis of record)
Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell, 1837) (additional source)
Holacanthus xanthotis Fraser-Brunner, 1950 accepted as Apolemichthys xanthotis (Fraser-Brunner, 1950) (basis of record)
Hologymnosus annulatus (Lacepède, 1801) (basis of record)
Hologymnosus semidiscus (Lacepède, 1801) accepted as Hologymnosus annulatus (Lacepède, 1801) (source of synonymy)
Hoplolatilus oreni (Clark & Ben-Tuvia, 1973) (basis of record)
Hyporhamphus Gill, 1859 (additional source)
Hyporhamphus acutus (Günther, 1872) (basis of record)
Hyporhamphus gambarur (Lacepede, 1803) accepted as Hyporhamphus gamberur (Rüppell, 1837) (basis of record)
Julis bifer Lay & Bennett, 1839 accepted as Novaculichthys taeniourus (Lacepède, 1801) (source of synonymy)
Chagos for Trimmatom nanus Winterbottom & Emery, 1981 
East Africa for Aethaloperca rogaa (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847) 
East Africa for Amblygobius hectori (Smith, 1957) 
East Africa for Anthias squamipinnis (Peters, 1855) 
East Africa for Anyperodon leucogrammicus (Valenciennes, 1828) 
East Africa for Apogon (Nectamia) taeniatus Cuvier, 1828 
East Africa for Apogon aureus (Lacepède, 1802) 
East Africa for Apogon bifasciatus Rüppell, 1838 
East Africa for Apogon cyanosoma Bleeker, 1853 
East Africa for Archamia fucata (Cantor, 1849) 
East Africa for Bathygobius cyclopterus (Valenciennes, 1837) 
East Africa for Bodianus axillaris (Bennett, 1832) 
East Africa for Bodianus diana (Lacepède, 1801) 
East Africa for Bolbometopon muricatum (Valenciennes, 1840) 
East Africa for Caesio lunaris Cuvier, 1830 
East Africa for Canthigaster coronata (Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875) 
East Africa for Carangoides fulvoguttatus (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 
East Africa for Cheilinus diagrammus Valenciennes, 1840 
East Africa for Cheilinus fasciatus (Bloch, 1791) 
East Africa for Chromis pembae Smith, 1960 
East Africa for Chromis ternatensis (Bleeker, 1856) 
East Africa for Chrysiptera unimaculata (Cuvier, 1830) 
East Africa for Coris caudimacula (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) 
East Africa for Coris variegata Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887 
East Africa for Dendrochirus brachypterus (Cuvier, 1829) 
East Africa for Diagramma pictum (Thunberg, 1792) 
East Africa for Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Epinephelus chlorostigma (Valenciennes, 1828) 
East Africa for Epinephelus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) 
East Africa for Epinephelus summana (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes, 1832) 
East Africa for Gerres oyena (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Gobiodon citrinus (Rüppell, 1838) 
East Africa for Gymnothorax nudivomer (Günther, 1867) 
East Africa for Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett, 1832) 
East Africa for Hemiramphus far (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell, 1837) 
East Africa for Lepidaplois albomaculatus Smith, 1957 
East Africa for Lethrinus harak (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Lethrinus lentjan (Lacepède, 1802) 
East Africa for Lethrinus mahsena (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Lethrinus mahsenoides Valenciennes, 1830 
East Africa for Lethrinus nebulosus (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Lethrinus ramak (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Lethrinus variegatus Valenciennes, 1830 
East Africa for Lethrinus xanthochilus Klunzinger, 1870 
East Africa for Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Lutjanus ehrenbergii (Peters, 1869) 
East Africa for Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Macolor niger (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
East Africa for Myripristis murdjan (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Neopomacentrus cyanomos (Bleeker, 1856) 
East Africa for Oedalechilus labiosus (Valenciennes, 1836) 
East Africa for Paraglyphidodon melas (Cuvier, 1830) 
East Africa for Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier, 1829) 
East Africa for Pardachirus marmoratus (Lacepède, 1802) 
East Africa for Parupeneus ciliatus (Lacepède, 1802) 
East Africa for Parupeneus cinnabarinus (Cuvier, 1829) 
East Africa for Parupeneus macronema (Lacepède, 1801) 
East Africa for Parupeneus rubescens (Lacepède, 1801) 
East Africa for Pempheris vanicolensis Cuvier, 1831 
East Africa for Plectropomus maculatus (Bloch, 1790) 
East Africa for Plectropomus truncatus Fowler & Bean, 1930 
East Africa for Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg, 1787) 
East Africa for Pomacentrus trichourus Günther, 1867 
East Africa for Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Pterocaesio capricornis Smith & Smith, 1963 
East Africa for Salarias fasciatus (Bloch, 1786) 
East Africa for Sargocentron rubrum (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Sphyraena flavicauda Rüppell, 1838 
East Africa for Sphyraena jello Cuvier, 1829 
East Africa for Sphyraena putnamiae Jordan & Seale, 1905 
East Africa for Stethojulis interrupta (Bleeker, 1851) 
East Africa for Taeniura lymma (Forsskål, 1775) 
East Africa for Valenciennea puellaris (Tomiyama, 1956) 
East Africa for Valenciennea sexguttata (Valenciennes, 1837) 
Kenya for Hemiramphus far (Forsskål, 1775) 
Mauritius for Siganus luridus (Rüppell, 1829) 
Mozambique for Pomacentrus trichourus Günther, 1867 
Mozambique for Siganus luridus (Rüppell, 1829) 
Red Sea for Abalistes stellatus (Anonymous in Lacepède ex Commerson, 1798) 
Red Sea for Abudefduf saxatilis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Red Sea for Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801) 
Red Sea for Abudefduf sordidus (Forsskål, 1775) 
Red Sea for Acanthopagrus bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775) 
Red Sea for Acanthurus bleekeri Günther, 1861 
Red Sea for Acanthurus gahm (Forsskål, 1775) 
Red Sea for Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Red Sea for Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775) 
Red Sea for Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775) 
Red Sea for Aethaloperca rogaa (Forsskål, 1775) 
Red Sea for Alticus kirkii (Günther, 1868) 
Red Sea for Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck, 1765) 
Red Sea for Amanses scopas (Cuvier, 1829) 
Red Sea for Amblyeleotris steinitzi (Klausewitz, 1974) 
Red Sea for Amblyeleotris sungami (Klausewitz, 1969) 
Red Sea for Amblyglyphidodon flavilatus Allen & Randall, 1981 
English abudjubbe for Cheilinus abudjubbe Rüppell, 1835
English Arabian pinfish for Diplodus noct (Valenciennes, 1830)
English Aron's blenny for Ecsenius aroni Springer, 1971
English backsurgeonfish for Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)
English bigeye emperor for Lethrinus grandoculis (Forsskal), 1775
English blackbordered dascyllus for Dascyllus marginatus (Rüppell, 1829)
English blackline blenny for Meiacanthus nigrolineatus Smith-Vaniz, 1969
English blue-and-red-spotted goby for Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus (Rüppell, 1830)
English bluedotted damselfish for Pristotis cyanostigma Rüppell, 1838
English bluestriped dottyback for Pseudochromis springeri Lubbock, 1975
English bluetail trunkfish for Ostracion cyanurus Rüppell, 1828
English bluethroat triggerfish [from synonym] for Sufflamen albicaudatus (Rüppell, 1829)
English chevron butterflyfish [from synonym] for Megaprotodon trifascialis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
English cinnabar goatfish [from synonym] for Parupeneus cinnabarinus (Cuvier, 1829)
English comet for Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner, 1903)
English dapple coris [from synonym] for Coris variegata Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887
English dotted parrotfish for Calotomus viridescens (Rüppell, 1835)
English doublebar cardinalfish [from synonym] for Apogon bifasciatus Rüppell, 1838
English duskytail chromis for Chromis pelloura Randall & Allen, 1982
English eightline wrasse for Paracheilinus octotaenia Fourmanoir, 1955
English forktail dottyback for Pseudochromis dixurus Lubbock, 1975
English fourline wrasse for Larabicus quadrilineatus (Rüppell, 1835)
English golden dottyback [from synonym] for Pseudoplesiops auratus (Lubbock, 1975)
English greenband parrotfish for Scarus collana Rüppell, 1835
English halfspotted grouper for Cephalopholis hemistiktos (Rüppell, 1830)
English harlequin filefish for Oxymonacanthus halli Marshall, 1952
English humpback turret for Tetrosomus gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English lance blenny for Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1836)
English leaping blenny for Alticus kirkii (Günther, 1868)
English lined wrasse for Anampses lineatus Randall, 1972
English longnose emperor [from synonym] for Lethrinus elongatus Valenciennes, 1830
English Luther's goby for Cryptocentrus lutheri Klausewitz, 1960
English Magnus' goby for Amblyeleotris sungami (Klausewitz, 1969)
English masked puffer for Arothron diadematus (Rüppell, 1829)
English mental wrasse [from synonym] for Cheilinus mentalis Rüppell, 1828
English mimic blenny for Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
English Miry's damselfish for Neopomacentrus miryae Dor & Allen, 1977
English multibar pipefish for Dunckerocampus multiannulatus (Regan, 1903)
English nalolo for Ecsenius nalolo Smith, 1959
English olive dottyback for Pseudochromis olivaceus Rüppell, 1835
English orangeface butterflyfish [from synonym] for Gonochaetodon larvatus (Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1831)
English orchid dottyback for Pseudochromis fridmani Klausewitz, 1968
English paleface butterflyfish for Chaetodon mesoleucos Forsskål, 1775
English Pennantfish for Heniochus diphreutes Jordan, 1903
English Picasso triggerfish for Rhinecanthus assasi (Forsskål, 1775)
English pixy hawkfish for Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus (Bleeker, 1855)
English prawn goby for Ctenogobiops maculosus (Fourmanoir, 1955)
English purple-brown parrotfish for Scarus fuscopurpureus (Klunzinger, 1871)
English purplestreak parrotfish [from synonym] for Scarus genazonatus Randall & Bruce, 1983
English pygmy toby for Canthigaster pygmaea Allen & Randall, 1977
English Red Sea halfbeak [from synonym] for Hyporhamphus gambarur (Lacepede, 1803)
English Red Sea houndfish for Tylosurus choram (Rüppell, 1837)
English Red Sea mimic blenny for Ecsenius gravieri (Pellegrin, 1906)
English redfin emperor [from synonym] for Lethrinus mahsenoides Valenciennes, 1830
English ringtail cardinalfish [from synonym] for Apogon annularis Rüppell, 1829
English roundfin goby for Bathygobius cyclopterus (Valenciennes, 1837)
English royal damselfish [from synonym] for Paraglyphidodon melas (Cuvier, 1830)
English rusty parrotfish for Scarus ferrugineus Forsskål, 1775
English slender damselfish for Pomacentrus leptus Allen & Randall, 1981
English smalltooth grouper [from synonym] for Epinephelus microdon (Bleeker, 1856)
English smoothfin blenny for Ecsenius frontalis (Valenciennes, 1836)
English social wrasse for Cirrhilabrus rubriventralis Springer & Randall, 1974
English sombre damselfish for Pomacentrus aquilus Allen & Randall, 1981
English sporfin squirrelfish [from synonym] for Flammeo sammara (Forsskål, 1775)
English squaretail grouper [from synonym] for Plectropomus truncatus Fowler & Bean, 1930
English Steinitz' goby for Amblyeleotris steinitzi (Klausewitz, 1974)
English striped anthias [from synonym] for Anthias taeniatus Klunzinger, 1884
English striped dottyback for Pseudochromis sankeyi Lubbock, 1975
English Suez fusilier [from synonym] for Caesio suevicus Klunzinger, 1884
English sunrise dottyback for Pseudochromis flavivertex Rüppell, 1835
English thornback trunkfish for Tetrosomus gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English triplespot chromis for Chromis trialpha Allen & Randall, 1981
English Vanikoro sweeper for Pempheris vanicolensis Cuvier, 1831
English vermiculate wrasse for Macropharyngodon bipartitus Smith, 1957
English vermilion grouper for Cephalopholis oligosticta Randall & Ben-Tuvia, 1983
English whitebelly damselfish for Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847)
English whitespotted longfin for Plesiops nigricans (Rüppell, 1828)
English whitetail damselfish for Pomacentrus albicaudatus Baschieri-Salvadori, 1955
English yellow-ear angelfish [from synonym] for Holacanthus xanthotis Fraser-Brunner, 1950
English yellowface soapfish for Diploprion drachi Roux-Estève, 1955
English yellowspotted burrfish [from synonym] for Chilomycterus spilostylus Leis & Randall, 1982
English yellowstripe emperor [from synonym] for Lethrinus ramak (Forsskål, 1775)
English yellowtail damselfish [from synonym] for Neopomacentrus xanthurus Allen & Randall, 1981
English yellowtip soldierfish [from synonym] for Myripristis xanthacrus Randall & Guézé, 1981