Fromont, J.; Craig, R.; Rawlinson, L.; Alder, J. (2005). Excavating sponges that are destructive to farmed pearl oysters in Western and Northern Australia. Aquaculture Research. 36: 150-162.
Fromont, J.; Craig, R.; Rawlinson, L.; Alder, J.
Excavating sponges that are destructive to farmed pearl oysters in Western and Northern Australia.
Available for editors
Species of the family Clionaidae (Porifera: Demospongiae) that excavate shell of the silver-lip pearl oyster, Pinctada maxima, in north Western and Northern Australia are described.Two species belong to the genus Cliona and one species to the closely related genus Pione. Cliona orientalis has only recently been reported from Australia in living and dead coral on the Great Barrier Reef, and this is the first report of this species from north Western and Northern Australia. Cliona dissimilis is reported from Australia for the first time. Pione velans was ¢rst described from Shark Bay,Western Australia and this study extends its distribution from Albany, southWestern Australia to Port Bremer in the Northern Territory. The most common species found was C. dissimilis. Pione velans and C. orientalis were also present, although the latter species was rare. Cliona dissimilis and P. velans were found to be sexually reproductive in some shells with specimens of C. dissimilis with oocytes in May and P. velans in September 1999. Egg development was synchronous, indicating that the sponges were oviparous and would broadcast gametes in a spawning event.