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Echinoidea name details

Temnechinus excavatus Forbes, 1852 †

1417184  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1417184)

 unaccepted (junior subjective synonym)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
fossil only
Forbes, E. (1852). Monograph of the Echinodermata of the British Tertiaries. <em>Palaeontographical Society London.</em> 6: 1-36., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12100203
page(s): 6-7; pl. 1: fig. 1a-d [details]   

Forbes, E. (1852). Figures and Descriptions Illustrative of British Organic Remains. Decade IV, Plate I. <em>Memoirs of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom.</em> , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45185410
page(s): 1-4; pl. 1: figs 1-9 [details]   
Note Ramsholt, Suffolk, UK, Collection Mr. Searles...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Ramsholt, Suffolk, UK [details]
Type material Collection Mr. Searles Wood, Mr. Charlesworth, and the Museum of Practical Geology, UK (Forbes, 1852);
Syntype: NHM E 585 (Jagt & Idema, 2002) [details]
Status Forbes (1852, Figures and Descriptions Illustrative of British Organic Remains. Decade IV) mentions that this "beautiful...  
Status Forbes (1852, Figures and Descriptions Illustrative of British Organic Remains. Decade IV) mentions that this "beautiful Echinite was originally named by Mr. Searles Wood" and consequently used Woods' name "excavatus", mentioning (in the synonymy list), but disregarding the name woodsii established by Agassiz (in Agassiz & Desor) for that taxon in 1846. Wood's name "excavatus", however, does not appear to have been made available prior to Forbes work. The name appear in Morris (1843: p. 60) Catalogue of British Fossils, but is not accompanied by any description or illustration, being attributed to an unpublished manuscript of Wood. Forbes, clearly is the first author to fulfill the criteria for availibility (in 1852) and therefore needs to be considered the author of T. excavatus. Contrary to Mortensens opinion that the name excavatus should be kept (Mortensen 1943: p. 276) T. woodsii clearly has priority over T. excavatus, as already concluded by Gregory (1891), and according to the ICZN regulations (see also Jagt & Idema 2002: p. 224). [details]

Stratigraphy Coralline Crag  
Stratigraphy Coralline Crag [details]
Kroh, A.; Mooi, R. (2021). World Echinoidea Database. Temnechinus excavatus Forbes, 1852 †. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1417184 on 2021-10-25
Date
action
by
2020-01-29 09:30:22Z
created
2020-01-29 15:53:20Z
changed
2020-01-29 19:35:18Z
changed

original description Forbes, E. (1852). Monograph of the Echinodermata of the British Tertiaries. <em>Palaeontographical Society London.</em> 6: 1-36., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12100203
page(s): 6-7; pl. 1: fig. 1a-d [details]   

original description Forbes, E. (1852). Figures and Descriptions Illustrative of British Organic Remains. Decade IV, Plate I. <em>Memoirs of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom.</em> , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45185410
page(s): 1-4; pl. 1: figs 1-9 [details]   

basis of record Philip, G. M. & Foster, R. J. 1971. Marsupiate Tertiary echinoids from south-eastern Australia and their zoogeographic significance. Palaeontology 14, 666-695.
page(s): 667 [details]   

redescription Jagt, J.W.M. & Idema, J. (2002). Notes on North Sea Basin Cainozoic echinoderms, Part 2. The echinoid Temnechinus woodii (Agassiz in Agassiz & Desor, 1846) from the Pliocene of the Netherlands. <em>Contributions to Zoology.</em> 70/4: 221-227. [details]   
From editor or global species database
Original description It is not quite clear which of the two works of Forbes 1852 appeared earlier and thus I was unable to establish which one of the two the "real" original description is. Plate I of Decase IV of "Figures and Descriptions Illustrative of British Organic Remains" is dated Oct. 1852 in that work, while I did not find any month for Forbes "Monograph of the Echinodermata of the British tertiaries" which was published in the same year and also includes a description of T. excavatus. Both works cross-reference each other, wherefore it is not clear which was published earlier. According to ICZN regulations the publication date for the "Monograph" - in the absence of information regarding the publication month - would need to be considered to be published on 31.12.1852, whick would make the "Figures and Descriptions..." the work that makes T. excavatus available. The genus Temnechinus, however, is only described in detail in the "Monograph", so that the original description for the genus is clear. [details]

Status Forbes (1852, Figures and Descriptions Illustrative of British Organic Remains. Decade IV) mentions that this "beautiful Echinite was originally named by Mr. Searles Wood" and consequently used Woods' name "excavatus", mentioning (in the synonymy list), but disregarding the name woodsii established by Agassiz (in Agassiz & Desor) for that taxon in 1846. Wood's name "excavatus", however, does not appear to have been made available prior to Forbes work. The name appear in Morris (1843: p. 60) Catalogue of British Fossils, but is not accompanied by any description or illustration, being attributed to an unpublished manuscript of Wood. Forbes, clearly is the first author to fulfill the criteria for availibility (in 1852) and therefore needs to be considered the author of T. excavatus. Contrary to Mortensens opinion that the name excavatus should be kept (Mortensen 1943: p. 276) T. woodsii clearly has priority over T. excavatus, as already concluded by Gregory (1891), and according to the ICZN regulations (see also Jagt & Idema 2002: p. 224). [details]

Stratigraphy Coralline Crag [details]

Type locality Ramsholt, Suffolk, UK [details]

Type material Collection Mr. Searles Wood, Mr. Charlesworth, and the Museum of Practical Geology, UK (Forbes, 1852);
Syntype: NHM E 585 (Jagt & Idema, 2002) [details]

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