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Opresko, D.M. 2001. Revision of the Antipatharia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Part I. Establishment of a new family, Myriopathidae. Zool. Med. Leiden 75 (17): 343-370
170140
Publication
A new family of antipatharian corals, Myriopathidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia), is established for Antipathes myriophylla Pallas and related species. The family is characterized by polyps 0.5 to 1.0 mm in transverse diameter; short tentacles with a rounded tip; acute, conical to blade-like spines up to 0.3 mm tall on the smallest branchlets or pinnules; and cylindrical, simple, forked or antler-like spines on the larger branches and stem. Genera are differentiated on the basis of morphological features of the corallum. Myriopathes gen. nov., tj^pe species Antipathes myriophylla Pallas, has two rows of primary pinnules, and uniserially arranged secondary pinnules. Tanacetipathes Opresko, type species T. tanacetum (Pourtalès), has bottle-brush pinnulation with four to six rows of primary pinnules and one or more orders of uniserial (sometimes biserial) subpinnules. Cupressopathes gen. nov., type species Gorgonia abies Linnaeus, has bottle-brush pinnulation with four very irregular, or quasi-spiral rows of primary pinnules and uniserial, bilateral, or irregularly arranged higher order pinnules. Plumapathes gen. nov., type species Antipathes pennacea Pallas, has simple pinnules arranged regularly in two rows. Antipathella Brook, type species Antipathes subpinnata Ellis and Solander, has simple branchlets/pinnules arranged irregularly in one to four rows.
Systematics, Taxonomy
Date
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2013-09-22 18:28:31Z
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Antipathella Brook, 1889 (subsequent type designation)
Antipathella aperta (Totton, 1923) (new combination reference)
Antipathella assimilis Brook, 1889 accepted as Antipathes assimilis (Brook, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Antipathella ceylonensis Thomson & Simson, 1905 accepted as Antipathes ceylonensis (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Antipathella contorta Brook, 1889 accepted as Antipathes contorta (Brook, 1889) (new combination reference)
Antipathella elegans Thomson & Simpson, 1905 accepted as Antipathes elegans (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Antipathella subpinnata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (redescription)
Antipathes antrocrada Opresko, 1999 accepted as Myriopathes antrocrada (Opresko, 1999) (new combination reference)
Antipathes aperta Totton, 1923 accepted as Antipathella aperta (Totton, 1923) (new combination reference)
Antipathes bifaria Brook, 1889 accepted as Myriopathes bifaria (Brook, 1889) (new combination reference)
Antipathes fiordensis Grange, 1990 accepted as Antipathella fiordensis (Grange, 1990) (new combination reference)
Antipathes japonica Brook, 1889 accepted as Myriopathes japonica (Brook, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Antipathes myriophylla Pallas, 1766 accepted as Myriopathes myriophylla (Pallas, 1766) (new combination reference)
Antipathes paniculata Esper, 1797 accepted as Cupressopathes paniculata (Esper, 1796) (new combination reference)
Antipathes pennacea Pallas, 1766 accepted as Plumapathes pennacea (Pallas, 1766) (new combination reference)
Antipathes pumila Brook, 1889 accepted as Cupressopathes pumila (Brook, 1889) (new combination reference)
Antipathes speciosa (Brook, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Aphanipathes rugosa Thomson & Simpson, 1905 accepted as Myriopathes rugosa (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (basis of record)
Aphanipathes stechowi Pax, 1932 accepted as Myriopathes stechowi (Pax, 1932) (new combination reference)
Cupressopathes Opresko, 2001 (original description)
Cupressopathes abies (Linnaeus, 1758) (new combination reference)
Hydradendrium spinosum Carter, 1880 accepted as Myriopathes spinosa (Carter, 1880) (new combination reference)
Myriopathes Opresko, 2001 (original description)
Myriopathes lata (Silberfeld, 1909) (new combination reference)
Myriopathes panamensis (Verrill, 1869) (new combination reference)
Myriopathes rugosa (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (new combination reference)
Myriopathes ulex (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (new combination reference)
Plumapathes Opresko, 2001 (original description)
Tanacetipathes tanacetum (Pourtalès, 1880) (additional source)

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