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'''Gravel Beaches'''
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<div style="float:right; margin-left:10px; margin-top:5px">[[File:Compendiumcoastandsea.jpg|160px|right|link=Compendium for Coast and Sea - creating a marine science-policy interface]]</div>
 
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'''Compendium for Coast and Sea - creating a marine science-policy interface'''
[[Image:Sediment supply from soft cliffs.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Sediment supply from soft cliffs <br> © A. J. Chadwick]]
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The Compendium for Coast and Sea is an integrated knowledge document about the socio-economic, environmental and institutional aspects of the coast and sea in Flanders and Belgium. As such, it constitutes a one-stop shop for data and information from the Flemish and Belgian marine and maritime research community and experts. The Compendium for Coast and Sea is an initiative of the Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) and was developed in close collaboration with experts from the research community, government, industry and civil society organisations. The first version of the Compendium was launched in 2013, a second edition was presented in 2015.
Gravel beaches are widespread around the world, including the USA, Canada, Japan, Argentina, New Zealand and the wave dominated coastlines of Northern Europe <ref name="Buscome 2006">Buscome D., Masselink G. (2006). Concepts in gravel beach dynamics. Earth science Reviews 79 33-52.</ref>. In the UK, about one third of the coastline is protected by such beaches <ref name ="Fuller 1988">Fuller, R. M. & Randall, R. E. (1988).  The Orford Shingles, Suffolk, UK. Classic conflicts in coastline management.  Biological conservation. </ref>.
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In coastal defence schemes, considerable use is made of coarse-grained (gravel) sediment to replenish [[Coast erosion|eroding beaches]], often in conjunction with structures such as rock or wooden [[groynes]] or offshore breakwaters. This is because such beaches are known to be an efficient form of natural coastal defence <ref name="powel 1990">Powell, K. A. (1990).  Predicting short term profile response for shingle beaches.  HR Wallingford Report SR 219. </ref><ref name ="Diserens">Diserens, A. P. & Coates, T. T. (1993).  UK South Coast shingle beach study: storm response of shingle beaches.  HR Wallingford Report SR 323.</ref>. Two examples from the UK are those at Sidmouth, Devon and Elmer, West Sussex...
 

Latest revision as of 14:52, 8 April 2016

Compendiumcoastandsea.jpg

Compendium for Coast and Sea - creating a marine science-policy interface


The Compendium for Coast and Sea is an integrated knowledge document about the socio-economic, environmental and institutional aspects of the coast and sea in Flanders and Belgium. As such, it constitutes a one-stop shop for data and information from the Flemish and Belgian marine and maritime research community and experts. The Compendium for Coast and Sea is an initiative of the Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) and was developed in close collaboration with experts from the research community, government, industry and civil society organisations. The first version of the Compendium was launched in 2013, a second edition was presented in 2015.