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Figure 3: Salmon farm (www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca 2008[1])

Generally it is aquaculture in marine environments. If one takes a closer look there are different definitions. Some limit mariculture to the raising of marine plants and animals in the ocean itself (EEA, 2008[2]). Others also include species from brackish water and include culture methods that take place in salty and brackish water that is not situated in the ocean (CBD, 2004[3], Wecker, 2006[4])

. Here this wider definition is referred to...
  1. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/science/Story/pacific/better_mngmnt_e.htm, 02/29/08
  2. European Environmental agency; www.glossary.eea.europa.eu/EEAGlossary/M/mariculture, 01/28/08
  3. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2004): Solutions for sustainable mariculture-avoiding the adverse effects of mariculture on biological diversity, CBD Technical Series No. 12
  4. Wecker B (2006): Nährstofffluss in einer geschlossenen Kreislaufanlage mit integrierter Prozesswasserklärung über Algenfilter-Modell und Wirklichkeit.; http://e-diss.uni-kiel.de/math-nat.html, 02/15/08