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=Sea ice ecosystems== |+|
Image: The Social Network for Tampa Bay.jpg| thumb|300px|right| Figure 1: The Social Network for Tampa Bay < ref> http:/ /www.buzzardsbay.org/download/nep-networks-paper.pdf</ ref> ]] |+|
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ice covers some 3- 7% of the total surface of our planet depending on the season of the year <ref >Comiso J. C., 2003, Large scale characteristics and variability of the global sea ice cover. In: Thomas, D. N., Dieckmann, G. S., Sea ice. An introduction to its physics, chemistry, biology and geology. Blackwell Science, pp 112- 142</ref>. Apart from being one of the most important climatic variables and key indicator of climate change, sea ice also provides an extreme and changeable habitat for diverse sympagic organisms, which play an important role in the ecosystems of the polar seas <ref name=Dieckmann>Dieckmann, G. S., Hellmer, H. H., 2003, The importance of sea ice: an overwiew. In: Thomas, D. N., Dieckmann, G. S., Sea ice. An introduction to its physics, chemistry, biology and geology. Blackwell Science, pp 1-21</ref>. |+|
|−|Sea ice cover occurs primarily in the polar regions, but in the northern hemisphere it may be also found at lower latitudes (eg. in the [[Baltic Sea|Baltic]], Caspian and Okhotsk seas, the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Scandinavian fjords) <ref name=Horner>Horner, R., Ackley, S. F., Dieckmann, G. S., Gulliksen, B., Hoshiai, T., Legendre, L., Melnikov, I. A., Reeburgh, W. S., Spindler, M., Sullivan, C. W., 1992, Ecology of sea ice biota. I. Habitat, terminology, and methodology. Polar Biol 12:417-427</ ref> . Land-fast ice forms and remains fast along the coast, attached to the shore or grounded to a shallow sea bottom. Pack ice refers to any area of floating sea ice that is not land-fast. | |
Compendium for Coast and Sea - creating a marine science-policy interface
The Compendium for Coast and Sea is an integrated knowledge document about the socio-economic, environmental and institutional aspects of the coast and sea in Flanders and Belgium. As such, it constitutes a one-stop shop for data and information from the Flemish and Belgian marine and maritime research community and experts. The Compendium for Coast and Sea is an initiative of the Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) and was developed in close collaboration with experts from the research community, government, industry and civil society organisations. The first version of the Compendium was launched in 2013, a second edition was presented in 2015.