Biodiversity in the European Seas== |+|
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|−|[[Image:Lophelia.jpg|thumb|right|300px|'' Lophelia pertusa'' Author: S. Ross ''et al.'', UNCW (www. safmc. net)]] This article summarises the [[ Biodiversity_in_the_valuation_concept| biodiversity]] in the European Seas. It is based on [ http://reports. eea. europa. eu/report_2002_0524_154909/en reports ( publish date: 31 may 2002) of the ‘European Environmental Agency’ ( visited 31/ 08/2007) ]( [[European Environmental Agency ( EEA) |EEA]]) , in which the marine biodiversity of each European sea is described in some detail. In the ‘EEA reports’ an overview is given of the most important physical, biological and exploitation characteristics, the main threats to biodiversity and the policies at work ( nature protection and protection of marine resources by restrictions on fishing and hunting). The contents of these reports are shown together with an indication of the most relevant information. |+|
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Revision as of 14:30, 3 March 2008
Time scales for pollution assessment
Time scales for pollution assessment can be considered using three commonly used methods: flushing time, residence time and age. In this article the methodologies and tools to quantify each of these methods is explained as well as the applicability of each method.
Transport time scales are useful tools to quantify the importance of hydrodynamic processes in the transport and fate of pollutants
in coastal and estuarine water systems. Indeed, the water quality of a system depends crucially on the retention of pollutants
within the system and its ability to flush them out. Transport time scales are often compared with the pollutant
source time scales or biogeochemical processes to evaluate the relative importance of physical and water quality processes.  
They are also used to understand population dynamics 
and to serve as indicators to classify and compare estuarine systems.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Monsen N.E., Cloern J.E. and Lucas L.V (2002). A comment on the use of flushing time, residence time, and age as transport time scales. Limnology and Oceanography, 47(5) 1545-1553.
- ↑ Salomon J.C. and Pomepuy M. (1990). Mathematical modeling of bacterial contaminationof the Morlaix estuary (France). Water Research 24(8) 983-994.
- ↑ Jay D. (1994). Residence times, box models and shear fluxes in tidal channel flows, Changes in Fluxes in Estuaries, Dyer and Orth (eds.), 3-12, Olsen and Olsen, Fredensborg, Denmark.