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Porifera taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXestospongia bocatorensis Díaz, Thacker, Rützler & Piantoni, 2007

255054  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:255054)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Díaz, M.C.;Thacker, R.W.; Rützler, K.; Piantoni, C. 2007. Two new haplosclerid sponges from Caribbean Panama with symbiotic filamentous cyanobacteria, and an overview of sponge-cyanobacteria associations. Pp. 31-39 in: Custódio, M. R.; Lôbo-Hajdu, G.; Hajdu, E. ; Muricy, G. (eds). Porifera Research: Biodiversity, Innovation and Sustainability. Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 694 pp.
page(s): 36-37 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype  USNM 1106222, locality Southwestern Caribbean...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype USNM 1106222, locality Southwestern Caribbean (Crawl Cay Canal, Panama) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Shape and size: Thinly encrusting species (2-5...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Shape and size: Thinly encrusting species (2-5 mm thick),in
patches from five to a few hundred cm2. Surface: Smooth. Oscules (1-2 mm diameter) on top of low volcano-shaped mounds (1-2 mm of height). Consistency: Crumbly and brittle. Colour: In live, dark purple, inside and out. Cream to white in alcohol. Ectosomal skeleton: No organization, spicules strewn tangentially. Choanosomal skeleton: Isotropic unispicular to paucispicular reticulation forming polygonal meshes (100-320 ¼m in diameter), and paucispicular primaries (2-3 spicules across) 200-300 ¼m apart. Filamentous cyanobacteria densely packed around the skeleton. Spicules: Fusiform to slightly hastate stout oxeas in one size class (230-320 x 8-15 ¼m), with pointed ends. Sigmas, c-shaped (10-26 x <1 ¼m).
Ecology: The species was found growing in small patches on mangrove roots, empty shells, or coral rubble, and occasionally profusely overgrowing live corals. Also found on shallow reefs (0-15 m deep) growing over coral and bare rock substrates.
 [details]
van Soest, R. (2007). Xestospongia bocatorensis Díaz, Thacker, Rützler & Piantoni, 2007. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=255054 on 2017-12-12

Date
action
by
2007-12-28 15:47:41Z
created

original description Díaz, M.C.;Thacker, R.W.; Rützler, K.; Piantoni, C. 2007. Two new haplosclerid sponges from Caribbean Panama with symbiotic filamentous cyanobacteria, and an overview of sponge-cyanobacteria associations. Pp. 31-39 in: Custódio, M. R.; Lôbo-Hajdu, G.; Hajdu, E. ; Muricy, G. (eds). Porifera Research: Biodiversity, Innovation and Sustainability. Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 694 pp.
page(s): 36-37 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype USNM 1106222, locality Southwestern Caribbean (Crawl Cay Canal, Panama) [details]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Shape and size: Thinly encrusting species (2-5 mm thick),in
patches from five to a few hundred cm2. Surface: Smooth. Oscules (1-2 mm diameter) on top of low volcano-shaped mounds (1-2 mm of height). Consistency: Crumbly and brittle. Colour: In live, dark purple, inside and out. Cream to white in alcohol. Ectosomal skeleton: No organization, spicules strewn tangentially. Choanosomal skeleton: Isotropic unispicular to paucispicular reticulation forming polygonal meshes (100-320 ¼m in diameter), and paucispicular primaries (2-3 spicules across) 200-300 ¼m apart. Filamentous cyanobacteria densely packed around the skeleton. Spicules: Fusiform to slightly hastate stout oxeas in one size class (230-320 x 8-15 ¼m), with pointed ends. Sigmas, c-shaped (10-26 x <1 ¼m).
Ecology: The species was found growing in small patches on mangrove roots, empty shells, or coral rubble, and occasionally profusely overgrowing live corals. Also found on shallow reefs (0-15 m deep) growing over coral and bare rock substrates.
 [details]
 



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