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Porifera name details

Scleritoderma paccardi Schmidt, 1879

193417  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:193417)

 unaccepted (genus transfer, misspelling & junior synonym)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Schmidt, O. (1879). Die Spongien des Meerbusen von Mexico (Und des caraibischen Meeres). Abtheilung I. Heft I. Pp. 1-32, pls I-IV. <i>In</i>:Reports on the dredging under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico, by the USCSS ‘Blake'. (Gustav Fischer: Jena).
page(s): 28-29 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Nomenclature The ICZN used its plenary powers to confirm the proposal of Pisera & Lévi (2002) to designate Scleritoderma flabellifome...  
Nomenclature The ICZN used its plenary powers to confirm the proposal of Pisera & Lévi (2002) to designate Scleritoderma flabellifome Sollas, 1888 as type species of the genus Scleritoderma Schmidt, 1879, and to transfer the original type species Scleritoderma paccardi Schmidt, 1879 to Setidium obtectum Schmidt, 1879 as its junior synonym. The reason for the proposed transfer was presence of smooth strongyloxeas in S. paccardi and S. obtectum, whereas the other five species of Scleritoderma possess acanthorhabds. Erection of a new genus name for the latter five species was thus avoided.  [details]

Nomenclature Schmidt (1880: 29) in all likelihood dedicated this species to the American naturalist (entomology and paleontology) A.S....  
Nomenclature Schmidt (1880: 29) in all likelihood dedicated this species to the American naturalist (entomology and paleontology) A.S. Packard (1839-1905). He wrote a.o. an article on the Life History of Protozoa and Sponges. Schmidt misspelled the Scleritoderma species as 'paccardi', which is an 'incorrect original spelling' in the sense of ICZN art.32.5, that must be corrected. Sollas (1888: 346) made the correction by renaming Schmidt's name as S. packardi[details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Carballo, J.L.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.C. Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2021). World Porifera Database. Scleritoderma paccardi Schmidt, 1879. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=193417 on 2021-12-09
Date
action
by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z
created
2006-12-09 19:55:42Z
changed
2018-03-24 09:31:14Z
changed
2020-11-18 11:26:38Z
changed

original description Schmidt, O. (1879). Die Spongien des Meerbusen von Mexico (Und des caraibischen Meeres). Abtheilung I. Heft I. Pp. 1-32, pls I-IV. <i>In</i>:Reports on the dredging under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico, by the USCSS ‘Blake'. (Gustav Fischer: Jena).
page(s): 28-29 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Natural History Museum, London (NHM): Collections Management Database System.  [details]   

basis of record Pisera, A.; Levi, C. (2002 [2004]). Family Scleritodermidae Sollas, 1888. Pp. 302-311. <em>In: Hooper, J. N.A.; Van Soest, R. W.M (2002 [2004]). Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Vol I. (Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers), NY.</em> 1708 + XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Pisera, A.; Lévi, C. (2002). Family Scleritodermidae Sollas, 1888. Pp. 302-311. <i>In</i> Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). ISBN 0-306-47260-0 (printed version)'.  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pisera, A. (2002). Case 3217. <i>Scleritoderma</i> Schmidt, 1879 and <i>Setidium</i> Schmidt, 1879 (Porifera): proposed conservation by designation of <i>Scleritoderma flabelliformis</i> Sollas, 1888 as the type species of <i>Scleritoderma</i>. <em>Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.</em> 59 (2): 74-76. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Unknown type MNHN DT 2195 [details]
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature The ICZN used its plenary powers to confirm the proposal of Pisera & Lévi (2002) to designate Scleritoderma flabellifome Sollas, 1888 as type species of the genus Scleritoderma Schmidt, 1879, and to transfer the original type species Scleritoderma paccardi Schmidt, 1879 to Setidium obtectum Schmidt, 1879 as its junior synonym. The reason for the proposed transfer was presence of smooth strongyloxeas in S. paccardi and S. obtectum, whereas the other five species of Scleritoderma possess acanthorhabds. Erection of a new genus name for the latter five species was thus avoided.  [details]

Nomenclature Schmidt (1880: 29) in all likelihood dedicated this species to the American naturalist (entomology and paleontology) A.S. Packard (1839-1905). He wrote a.o. an article on the Life History of Protozoa and Sponges. Schmidt misspelled the Scleritoderma species as 'paccardi', which is an 'incorrect original spelling' in the sense of ICZN art.32.5, that must be corrected. Sollas (1888: 346) made the correction by renaming Schmidt's name as S. packardi[details]

From other sources
Holotype MZUS PO175 [details]


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