Carter, H.J. (1886). Descriptions of Sponges from the Neighbourhood of Port Phillip Heads, South Australia, continued. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 17 (97, 98, 101, 102): 40-53, 112-127, 431-441, 502-516.[details]
Porifera (2021). Chondropsidae Carter, 1886. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=168731 on 2021-04-10
original descriptionCarter, H.J. (1886). Descriptions of Sponges from the Neighbourhood of Port Phillip Heads, South Australia, continued. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 17 (97, 98, 101, 102): 40-53, 112-127, 431-441, 502-516.[details]
original description(ofCollosclerophoridae Dendy, 1922)Dendy, A. (1922). Report on the Sigmatotetraxonida collected by H.M.S.‘Sealark' in the Indian Ocean. <i>In</i>: Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, Vol. 7. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.</em> 18 (1): 1-164, pls 1-18.[details]
original description(ofPsammascidae Laubenfels, 1936)Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. <em>Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication.</em> 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22. page(s): 96 [details] Available for editors [request]
original description(ofCollosclerophoreae Dendy, 1922)Dendy, A. (1922). Report on the Sigmatotetraxonida collected by H.M.S.‘Sealark' in the Indian Ocean. <i>In</i>: Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, Vol. 7. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.</em> 18 (1): 1-164, pls 1-18. page(s): 74 [details]
basis of recordVan Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Chondropsidae Carter, 1886. <i>In: Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow</i>. Volume 1, Pp. 521-527. page(s): 521 [details] Available for editors [request]
Present Inaccurate Introduced: alien Containing type locality
From editor or global species database
Definition: Myxillina with only thin smooth strongyles or occasionally thin smooth styles as megascleres, in an irregular plumose arrangement; no acanthostyles; microscleres arcuate or unguiferate chelae and/or sigmas.
Diagnosis: Encrusting, massive, flabellate or digitate growth forms. Ectosomal skeleton frequently absent, replaced by arenaceous or spicular detritus, but often with areolate porefields on surface. Ectosomal smooth strongyles or occasionally styles, often rare or secondarily lost. Choanosomal spicules, if present, are auxiliary megascleres of ectosomal origin, strongyles or occasionally styles, whereas principal spicules appear to be absent. Microscleres are arcuate isochelae and sigmas, but these may be often absent.
Tornotes: The strongyles are presumably of tornote derivation; many are thin and have often slightly asymmetrical ends and may occasionally be stylote. The styles of one genus (Phoriospongia) show slightly swollen tyles, indicating possible homology with choanosomal principal megascleres.
Sand: Many members of this family have their skeleton partly or wholly replaced by sand grains.
Microscleres: Based on the presence or absence of microscleres, there is a series of intergrading ‘genera’: Batzella (no microscleres), Phoriospongia (sigmas), Strongylacidon (unguiferate chelae sigmas), Burtonispongia (arcuate chelae sigmas). It is here proposed to ignore the presence or absence of sigmas and/or chelae at the genus level. The entire absence of microscleres (Psammoclema, Batzella) makes allocation to family arguable, and consequently these genera are retained for possible allocation to other groups, even though the distinction among them is probably artificial. Batzella and Chondropsis differ in the presence or absence of a sand reticulation, which may also be an artificial distinction.
Affiliations: This is a small somewhat suspect, dustbin-type group. Possibly various genera could be reduced members of Hymedesmiidae.
Scope: Sixteen genera are assigned to the family, of which five are considered valid: Batzella, Chondropsis, Phoriospongia, Psammoclema, Strongylacidon. [details]