Porifera taxon details
Cyamon vickersii (Bowerbank, 1864)
|Parent|| ||Cyamon Gray, 1867|
|Orig. name|| ||Dictyocylindrus vickersii Bowerbank, 1864|
Cyamon dendyi de Laubenfels, 1936 (junior synonym)|
Dictyocylindrus vickersii Bowerbank, 1864 (genus transfer)
original description Bowerbank, J.S. 1864a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae.Volume 1. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-290, pls I-XXXVII. (look up in IMIS) [details] [full text]|
basis of record Hooper, J.N.A. 2002. Family Raspailiidae Hentschel, 1923. Pp. 469-510. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details] [full text]
additional source Thomas, P.A. 1973a. Marine Demospongiae of Mahe Island in the Seychelles Bank (Indian Ocean). Annales du Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale. Série in 8vo. Sciences zoologiques (203): 1-96, pls 1-8. (look up in IMIS) [details] [full text]
additional source Muricy, G.; Lopes, D.A.; Hajdu, E; Carvalho, M.S.; Moraes, F.C.; Klautau, M.; Menegola, C. & Pinheiro, U. (2011). Catalogue of Brazilian Porifera. Museu Nacional, Série Livros. 300 pp. [details]
additional source Dendy, A. 1922b. Report on the Sigmatotetraxonida collected by H.M.S.‘Sealark’ in the Indian Ocean. Pp. 1-164, pls 1-18. In: Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, Volume 7. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2), 18(1). [details] [full text]
additional source Van Soest, R.; Carballo, J.L.; Hooper, J. 2012. Polyaxone monaxonids: revision of raspailiid sponges with polyactine megascleres (Cyamon and Trikentrion). Zookeys 239: 1-70., available online at https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.239.3734 [details] [full text]
misapplication Laubenfels, M.W. De. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication. 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 80 [details]
misapplication Laubenfels, M. W. De. (1950a). The Porifera of the Bermuda Archipelago. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London. 27 (1): 1-154.
page(s): 68-69 [details] [full text]
misapplication Little, F.J. Jr. (1963). The sponge fauna of the St. George’s Sound, Apalache Bay, and Panama City Regions of the Florida Gulf Coast. Tulane Studies in Zoology 11(2): 31-71.
page(s): 48 [details] [full text]
misapplication Van Soest, R.W.M. 1981. A checklist of the Curaçao sponges (Porifera Demospongiae) including a pictorial key to the more common reef-forms. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum) Universiteit van Amsterdam 31: 1-39.
page(s): 9 [details] [full text]
misapplication Rützler, K.; van Soest, R. W. M.; Piantoni, C. (2009). Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico. in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. 285–313. [details]
Variety Cyamon vickersii var. toxifera Arndt, 1927 accepted as Cyamon agnani (Boury-Esnault, 1973)
|Environment|| ||marine, |brackish, fresh, terrestrial
|Fossil range|| ||recent only|
From editor or global species database
North Atlantic Ocean
West Indies (inaccurate) [details]
Seychelles [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Southern Gulf of Mexico
Southern Gulf of Mexico (inaccurate) [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Bermuda (inaccurate) [details]
Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Eastern Brazil [details]
Floridian (inaccurate) [details]
Mahe Island [details]
Northern Gulf of Mexico
Northern Gulf of Mexico (inaccurate) [details]
Southern Caribbean (inaccurate) [details]
Present Inaccurate Introduced: alien
Holotype [from synonym] BMNH 1818.104.22.1687 [view taxon]
|Links|| ||To Encyclopedia of Life |
To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection
|Attributes|| ||Functional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Porifera) [details]|
Functional group plankton > zooplankton » Stage larva (inherited from Porifera) [details]
Feedingtype filter feeder (inherited from Porifera) [details]
From editor or global species database
Distribution Contrary to most other authors referring to Cyamon vickersii, Van Soest et al. 2012 have demonstrated that this species does not occur in the Western Atlantic. The evidence for this is two-fold.
(1) There is considerable uncertainty about the origin of the type specimen. Bowerbank (1862: 831), when he first drew attention to the polyactine spicule, described it as follows:
Spiculated inequi-angulated triradiate, with cylindrical entirely spined radii (Plate XXXVI. fig. 15). – From a fragment of a sponge presented to me by Mr. Vickers of Dublin, who thinks it probably came from the West Indies. This spiculum is an external defensive one. The triradiate rays are imbedded immediately beneath the dermal membrane, and the spicular ray is projected through it at right angles to its plane; they are very numerous.
The specimen was subsequently named Dictyocylindrus
vickersii by Bowerbank (1864: 267) with the same sentence and figure repeated. Bowerbank’s slides of the type material in BMNH marked as Bk 1887 were labeled prudently “West Indies ?”, but first Gray (1867: 546) and later Carter (1879: 292) omitted the question mark. Carter did an extensive redescription of the Bowerbank material, which properly established the characters of the species. Shortly before that (Carter, 1876: 391) he alluded to a specimen with quadriradiate spicules obtained from Thomas Higgin from Grenada (Caribbean Sea), which he thought to belong to the same species. Higgin (1877: Pl. 14 Fig. 9) figured the spicule. However, both authors mentioned only long styles in addition to the polyactines, which is, as we know now, insufficient to characterize Cyamon species. As Van Soest et al. 2012 described, and was also clearly pictured by Carter himself (1879: Pl. 27 Fig. 6c), C. vickersii should possess undulated or crooked centrotylote thin styles or strongylostyles. Van Soest et al. 2012 demonstrate that none of the Western Atlantic specimens of Cyamon examined possess such spicules, in stead of which they have straight thin styles without centrotylote swelling or undulations. Nevertheless, from the time of Carter onwards it was assumed, that Bowerbank’s type came from the West Indies. Subsequent reports of Cyamon from Western Atlantic localities all employed the name C. vickersii, and ignored the peculiar shape of the short thin styles.
(2) Dendy (1922) and Thomas (1973) reported Cyamon vickersii from the Seychelles. Their descriptions exactly match the properties of Bowerbank’s type specimen, including the undulating short thin centrotylote styles. They especially mention the spination on the pointed ends of many of the undulating styles, precisely
as Van Soest et al. 2012 found in the type. De Laubenfels (1936: 80) also was of the opinion that the Seychelles material differed specifically from the Western Atlantic material. Because he believed that C. vickersii was West Indian, he proposed the name Cyamon dendyi for the Seychelles material. Van Soest et al. 2012 also describe and illustrate material they obtained from the Seychelles, in which they demonstrate beyond doubt that it belongs to Cyamon vickersii.
To conclude: specimens identical or similar to the type of C. vickersii are reported from the Seychelles. Specimens recorded from the Western Atlantic are dissimilar to the type of C. vickersii, a.o. by lacking the characteristic undulating spicules. For the Atlantic representatives, the name Cyamon agnani (Boury-Esnault, 1973) is available (q.v.). [details]
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| || ||Citation: van Soest, R. (2012). Cyamon vickersii (Bowerbank, 1864). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=167949 on 2017-05-28|
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