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Porifera taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814) 
AphiaID: 132377

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia Schulze, 1879
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis Lamarck, 1814
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuspongia equina (Schmidt, 1862)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis var. equina Schmidt, 1862
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia equina (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis Lamarck, 1814 (genus transfer)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis aurantia Lamarck, 1814 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis lutea Lamarck, 1814 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia equina Schmidt, 1862 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Sources 
original description (of Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis Lamarck, 1814) Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De 1815 [1814]. Suite des polypiers empâtés. Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris 1: 69-80, 162-168, 331-340. [details]

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Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsfungjeri me zgavra  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspugna equina  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΚαπάδικο  [details]
Direct child
taxa (2)

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Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis ammata de Laubenfels, 1954 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia ammata de Laubenfels, 1954
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis var. equina Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Adriatic Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From editor or global species database
Adriatic Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdriatic Sea [details]
Aegean Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAegean Sea [details]
Azores Canaries Madeira
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Canaries Madeira [details]
Levantine Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevantine Sea [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanary Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Western Mediterranean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWestern Mediterranean [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorTunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra [details]

 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
Specimens 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLectotype [from synonym] NNM RMNH Por. 475, locality Red Sea and Gulf of Aden ('Mer Rouge') [view taxon]

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Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (8 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (2 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection 
Attribute Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group plankton » Stage larva (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFeedingtype filter feeder (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Although Lamarck (1814: 370) clearly states that his specimens (in three varieties) came from the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, subsequent authors (e.g. Topsent, 1931) very much doubted this origin. It is now generally assumed, despite the label with the lectotype ('Mer Rouge'), that Spongia communis was from the Mediterranean. No Hippospongia species have subsequently been reported from the Red Sea. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132377
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2015). Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P. (2015) World Porifera database. Accessed through: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P. (2015) World Porifera database at http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=132377 on 2015-03-29
  


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