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Porifera source details

NameClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 41: 47-114
Type Publication
NoteAn unpublished species checklist compiled for background to this paper was used as basis for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. The paper itself contains no species lists.
Ant'Phipoda Literature database.
IMIS-ID63604
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available [request]
AbstractSpecies lists have been compiled for all the major groups of Southern Ocean benthic marine invertebrates, eliminating synonymies where possible and providing a subjective estimate of completeness and reliability for each group. Antarctic marine diversity (pelagic and benthic) is relatively high at the phylum and class level, with the gaps mostly comprising minor, meiofaunal or parasitic groups. Most benthic diversity data come from the continental shelves, with relatively few samples from deeper water. Even for the continental shelves, however, sampling is highly patchy with some areas hardly investigated at all. Over 4100 benthic species have been reported from the Southern Ocean, with the most speciose groups being polychaetes, gastropods and amphipods. Comparison with tropical and temperate regions suggest that decapods, bivalves and teleost fishes are poorly represented in the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna, whereas pycnogonids, echinoderms and many suspension feeding groups are rich and diverse. Some groups that are currently low in diversity were previously well represented in the Antarctic shallow water marine fauna, notably decapods and many fishes. Other groups have undergone marked radiations in the Southern Ocean, including pycnogonids, amphipods, isopods and teleost fishes; in all cases, however, it is only some lineages that have diversified. This indicates that evolutionary questions concerning the origin, diversification or extinction of the Southern Ocean marine fauna will have no single answer; the evolutionary history of each group appears to reflect a different response to the tectonic, climatic and oceanographic changes to which they have been subject through history. The disposition of southern hemisphere continents makes it difficult to assess whether there is a latitudinal cline in shallow-water marine diversity to mirror that known from the northern hemisphere. Within Antarctica, many species appear to have circumpolar distributions, and the long established biogeographical division into continental Antarctic, Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic regions have not been challenged by recent sampling. For most groups the frequency distribution of species per genus ratios is typical, though none is well described by the predictions from current evolutionary or null models. Where data are available, size spectra indicate that many Southern Ocean taxa are small, a few spectacular examples of gigantism notwithstanding, and species abundance plots are normal. Knowledge of the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna has reached a stage where we can now ask powerful evolutionary questions, and the development of new molecular techniques provides the mechanism for answering them
Geographical
term
Antarctic
Taxonomic
terms
Amphipoda
Polychaeta
Taxa
(237)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthorhabdus fragilis Burton, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcheliderma topsenti Burton, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegaciella topsenti (Burton, 1932) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdocia tenella (Topsent, 1916) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) tenella (Topsent, 1916) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphimedon paradisus Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1989 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphimedon validissima (Thiele, 1905) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDasychalina validissima (Thiele, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAplysina minima Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArtemisina jovis Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArtemisina plumosa Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArtemisina tubulosa Koltun, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsbestopluma (Asbestopluma) belgicae (Topsent, 1901) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsbestopluma (Asbestopluma) callithrix Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsbestopluma (Asbestopluma) calyx Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsbestopluma (Asbestopluma) obae Koltun, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtergia acanthoxa Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopolymastia acanthoxa (Koltun, 1964) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinectya Hallmann, 1917 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaspailia (Raspaxilla) Topsent, 1913 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinectya mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaspailia (Raspaxilla) mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxociella Hallmann, 1920 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) Topsent, 1893 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxociella flabellata (Topsent, 1916) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) flabellata (Topsent, 1916) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxociella nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxociella rameus Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) ramea (Koltun, 1964) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna chilensis Thiele, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna polyphylla Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBipocillopsis Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBipocillopsis nexus Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas nexus (Koltun, 1964) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBubaris antarctica Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinella antarctica (Koltun, 1964) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyspongia gaussiana (Hentschel, 1914) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladocroce gaussiana (Hentschel, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyspongia ramosa (Gray, 1843) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyspongia (Callyspongia) ramosa (Gray, 1843) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCercidochela Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya Bowerbank, 1864 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCercidochela lankesteri Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya lankesteri (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrocladia (Chondrocladia) antarctica Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrocladia (Chondrocladia) clavata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondropsis chaliniformis (sensu Lendenfeld, 1889) (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyra antarctica (Carter, 1872) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyra barbata Sollas, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladorhiza mani Koltun, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladorhiza moruliformis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladorhiza tridentata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria lipochela Burton, 1932 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) lipochela Burton, 1932 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria pauper Brøndsted, 1927 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) pauper Brøndsted, 1927 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria terraenovae Dendy, 1924 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) terraenovae Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria toxipraedita Topsent, 1913 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) toxipraedita Topsent, 1913 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera appendiculata antarctica Koltun, 1976 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera (Coelosphaera) antarctica Koltun, 1976 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera globosa Bergquist, 1961 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera (Coelosphaera) globosa Bergquist, 1961 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Pytheas) Topsent, 1890 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Pytheas) crassa (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella stylifera Hentschel, 1914 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Pytheas) stylifera Hentschel, 1914 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrellina Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Crella) Gray, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrellina tubifex Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Crella) tubifex (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacella vestibularis (Wilson, 1904) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon ramosum Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibulia ramosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyodendrilla membranosa (Pallas, 1776) sensu Burton, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyodendrilla pallasi (Ridley, 1884) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDolichacantha macrodon Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctomyxilla Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) Hentschel, 1914 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctomyxilla chilensis (Thiele, 1905) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) chilensis Thiele, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctomyxilla mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1887) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) mariana Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx anacantha Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) anacantha (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx antarctica Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) antarctica (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx nobilis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) nobilis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx plumosa Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) plumosa (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx ramilobosa (Topsent, 1916) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) ramilobosa (Topsent, 1916) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyomyxilla Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyomyxilla kerguelensis Hentschel, 1914 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) kerguelensis (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEsperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilectus informis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEsperiopsis rugosa Thiele, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilectus rugosus (Thiele, 1905) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEsperiopsis scotiae Topsent, 1915 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumastia attenuata Topsent, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Eumastia) attenuata (Topsent, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurypon miniaceum Thiele, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius carduus Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) carduus (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius cucurbitiformis Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) cucurbitiformis (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius pilosus Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius pilosus (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius rudis Topsent, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) rudis (Topsent, 1901) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius tylotoxus (Hentschel, 1914) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) tylotoxa (Hentschel, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodinella Lendenfeld, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia Lamarck, 1815 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodinella vestigifera Dendy, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia vestigifera (Dendy, 1924) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra antarctica var. novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra fimbriata Carter, 1874 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) hentscheli Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) prostrata Thiele, 1905 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) bidens Topsent, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius bidens (Topsent, 1901) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) kerguelensis (Hentschel, 1914) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalyx kerguelensis (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) pedunculata (Lévi, 1993) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) topsenti (Thiele, 1905) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona altera (Topsent, 1901) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) altera (Topsent, 1901) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona bilamellata Burton, 1932 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona dancoi (Topsent, 1913) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Rhizoniera) dancoi (Topsent, 1913) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona penicillata (Topsent, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona proletaria (Topsent, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona spongiosissima (Topsent, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona virens (Topsent, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclonissa verrucosa Burton, 1932 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius fimbriatus (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius pachyderma Burton, 1932 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius pilosus (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomaxinella flagelliformis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHoplakithera accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra Carter, 1874 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymedesmia (Hymedesmia) gaussiana Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymedesmia (Hymedesmia) unguifera Burton, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenancora exigua (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenancora rhaphidophora Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenancora rufa (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon centrotyla Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)

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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2014-02-09 21:01:17Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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