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Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114.
4179
Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M
2003
Antarctic marine benthic diversity
Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review
41: 47-114
Publication
An unpublished species checklist compiled for background to this paper was used as basis for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. The paper itself contains no species lists.
Ant'Phipoda Literature database.
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Species lists have been compiled for all the major groups of Southern Ocean benthic marine invertebrates, eliminating synonymies where possible and providing a subjective estimate of completeness and reliability for each group. Antarctic marine diversity (pelagic and benthic) is relatively high at the phylum and class level, with the gaps mostly comprising minor, meiofaunal or parasitic groups. Most benthic diversity data come from the continental shelves, with relatively few samples from deeper water. Even for the continental shelves, however, sampling is highly patchy with some areas hardly investigated at all. Over 4100 benthic species have been reported from the Southern Ocean, with the most speciose groups being polychaetes, gastropods and amphipods. Comparison with tropical and temperate regions suggest that decapods, bivalves and teleost fishes are poorly represented in the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna, whereas pycnogonids, echinoderms and many suspension feeding groups are rich and diverse. Some groups that are currently low in diversity were previously well represented in the Antarctic shallow water marine fauna, notably decapods and many fishes. Other groups have undergone marked radiations in the Southern Ocean, including pycnogonids, amphipods, isopods and teleost fishes; in all cases, however, it is only some lineages that have diversified. This indicates that evolutionary questions concerning the origin, diversification or extinction of the Southern Ocean marine fauna will have no single answer; the evolutionary history of each group appears to reflect a different response to the tectonic, climatic and oceanographic changes to which they have been subject through history. The disposition of southern hemisphere continents makes it difficult to assess whether there is a latitudinal cline in shallow-water marine diversity to mirror that known from the northern hemisphere. Within Antarctica, many species appear to have circumpolar distributions, and the long established biogeographical division into continental Antarctic, Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic regions have not been challenged by recent sampling. For most groups the frequency distribution of species per genus ratios is typical, though none is well described by the predictions from current evolutionary or null models. Where data are available, size spectra indicate that many Southern Ocean taxa are small, a few spectacular examples of gigantism notwithstanding, and species abundance plots are normal. Knowledge of the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna has reached a stage where we can now ask powerful evolutionary questions, and the development of new molecular techniques provides the mechanism for answering them
Antarctic
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthorhabdus fragilis Burton, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcheliderma topsenti Burton, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegaciella topsenti (Burton, 1932) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdocia tenella (Topsent, 1916) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) tenella (Topsent, 1916) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphimedon paradisus Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1989 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphimedon validissima (Thiele, 1905) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDasychalina validissima (Thiele, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAplysina minima Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArtemisina jovis Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArtemisina plumosa Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArtemisina tubulosa Koltun, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsbestopluma (Asbestopluma) belgicae (Topsent, 1901) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsbestopluma (Asbestopluma) callithrix Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLycopodina callithrix (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsbestopluma (Asbestopluma) calyx Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLycopodina calyx (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsbestopluma (Asbestopluma) obae Koltun, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtergia acanthoxa Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopolymastia acanthoxa (Koltun, 1964) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinectya Hallmann, 1917 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaspailia (Raspaxilla) Topsent, 1913 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinectya mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaspailia (Raspaxilla) mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxociella Hallmann, 1920 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) Topsent, 1893 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxociella flabellata (Topsent, 1916) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) flabellata (Topsent, 1916) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxociella nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxociella rameus Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Axosuberites) ramea (Koltun, 1964) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna chilensis Thiele, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna polyphylla Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBipocillopsis Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBipocillopsis nexus Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas nexus (Koltun, 1964) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBubaris antarctica Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinella antarctica (Koltun, 1964) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyspongia gaussiana (Hentschel, 1914) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladocroce gaussiana (Hentschel, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyspongia ramosa (Gray, 1843) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallyspongia (Callyspongia) ramosa (Gray, 1843) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCercidochela Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya Bowerbank, 1864 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCercidochela lankesteri Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya lankesteri (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrocladia (Chondrocladia) antarctica Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrocladia (Chondrocladia) clavata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondropsis chaliniformis (sensu Lendenfeld, 1889) (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyra antarctica (Carter, 1872) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCinachyra barbata Sollas, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladorhiza mani Koltun, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladorhiza moruliformis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladorhiza tridentata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria lipochela Burton, 1932 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) lipochela Burton, 1932 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria pauper Brøndsted, 1927 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) pauper Brøndsted, 1927 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria terraenovae Dendy, 1924 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) terraenovae Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria toxipraedita Topsent, 1913 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) toxipraedita Topsent, 1913 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera appendiculata antarctica Koltun, 1976 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera (Coelosphaera) antarctica Koltun, 1976 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera globosa Bergquist, 1961 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera (Coelosphaera) globosa Bergquist, 1961 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Pytheas) Topsent, 1890 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Pytheas) crassa (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella stylifera Hentschel, 1914 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Pytheas) stylifera Hentschel, 1914 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrellina Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Crella) Gray, 1867 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrellina tubifex Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Crella) tubifex (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacella vestibularis (Wilson, 1904) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon ramosum Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibulia ramosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyodendrilla membranosa (Pallas, 1776) sensu Burton, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyodendrilla pallasi (Ridley, 1884) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDolichacantha macrodon Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctomyxilla Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) Hentschel, 1914 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctomyxilla chilensis (Thiele, 1905) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) chilensis Thiele, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctomyxilla mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1887) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) mariana Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx anacantha Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) anacantha (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx antarctica Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) antarctica (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx nobilis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) nobilis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx plumosa Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) plumosa (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyodoryx ramilobosa (Topsent, 1916) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) ramilobosa (Topsent, 1916) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyomyxilla Hentschel, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyomyxilla kerguelensis Hentschel, 1914 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) kerguelensis (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEsperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilectus informis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEsperiopsis rugosa Thiele, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilectus rugosus (Thiele, 1905) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEsperiopsis scotiae Topsent, 1915 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumastia attenuata Topsent, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Eumastia) attenuata (Topsent, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurypon miniaceum Thiele, 1905 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius carduus Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) carduus (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius cucurbitiformis Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) cucurbitiformis (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius pilosus Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius pilosus (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius rudis Topsent, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) rudis (Topsent, 1901) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGellius tylotoxus (Hentschel, 1914) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) tylotoxa (Hentschel, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodinella Lendenfeld, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia Lamarck, 1815 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodinella vestigifera Dendy, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia vestigifera (Dendy, 1924) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra antarctica var. novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra fimbriata Carter, 1874 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) hentscheli Koltun, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondria (Halichondria) prostrata Thiele, 1905 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) bidens Topsent, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius bidens (Topsent, 1901) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) kerguelensis (Hentschel, 1914) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalyx kerguelensis (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) pedunculata (Lévi, 1993) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) topsenti (Thiele, 1905) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona altera (Topsent, 1901) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Reniera) altera (Topsent, 1901) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona bilamellata Burton, 1932 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona dancoi (Topsent, 1913) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Rhizoniera) dancoi (Topsent, 1913) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona penicillata (Topsent, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona proletaria (Topsent, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona spongiosissima (Topsent, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona virens (Topsent, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclonissa verrucosa Burton, 1932 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius fimbriatus (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius pachyderma Burton, 1932 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemigellius pilosus (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomaxinella flagelliformis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHoplakithera accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra Carter, 1874 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymedesmia (Hymedesmia) gaussiana Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymedesmia (Hymedesmia) unguifera Burton, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenancora exigua (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenancora rhaphidophora Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenancora rufa (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymeniacidon centrotyla Hentschel, 1914 (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

(Keferstein, 1863) is mentioned in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

(Kinberg, 1866) according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Author uncertain [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Described by Lyman in 1882 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Ehlers, 1874 according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Ehlers, 1897 according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Gambi et al., 1997 found 2 not yet described species: "sp.1" and "sp.2" [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Hartman, 1967 according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Mentioned as Kinberg, 1866a in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Monniot & Monniot, 1982 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

RAMS gives this species (Kroyer, 1856) as author [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

RAMS mentions Ehlers, 1875 as author [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

Schmarda, 1861 according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Authority

The authors are uncertain about the authority [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to RAMS, the genus Xenobalanus belongs to the Bathylasmatidae family instead of the Coronulidae family. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to RAMS, the genus Ascothorax belongs to the Synagogidae family instead of the Ascothoracidae family. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to RAMS, the family Synagogidae belongs to the Cirripedia infraclass instead of the Ascothoracida infraclass. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to RAMS, the family Dendrogastridae belongs to the Cirripedia infraclass instead of the Ascothoracida ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to RAMS, the family Ctenosculidae belongs to the Cirripedia infraclass instead of the Ascothoracida ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to RAMS, the genus Balanus belongs to the Bathylasmatidae family instead of the Balanidae family. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to RAMS, the genus Coronula belongs to the Bathylasmatidae family instead of the Coronulidae family. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to RAMS, the genus Anoplodactylus belongs to the Pycnogonidae family instead of the Phoxichilidiidae family. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to RAMS, the genus Pallenopsis belongs to the Callipallenidae; in the printed version of ERMS, the genus is ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

belongs to familt Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Belongs to family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Belongs to family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Belongs to the family Arcturidae accoring to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Considered by RAMS to belong to the Family Exochellidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Considered to belong to the Family Munnopsidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Considered to belong to the Family Munnopsidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Considered to belong to the family Munnopsidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Considered to belong to the Family Munnopsidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Considered to belong to the Family Munnopsidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Genus Escharella is considered by RAMS to belong to the FamilyExochellidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Listed under Dimeatidae in Clarke & Johnston (2003). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Listed under family Pyuridae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Member of the family Arcturidae according to RAMS [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Placed in family Plicatocrinidae by Clarke & Johnston (2003). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Placed under Subfamily Coninae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

The Genus Escharoides is considered bt RAMS to belong to the Family Exochellidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

Under Subfamily Cioninae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Identification

cf. loveni Malmgren, 1865 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Identification

The authors are uncertain about the Species [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling
 for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActiniaria

Actinaria [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Actinidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Actinoschyphiidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Also spelled Cerebratulus malvidi in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Also spelled T. maikenensis in RAMS [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

As far as is known the genus misspelling 'Leospira' exists only in an unpublished checklist associated with the ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

commonly misspelled as Dendrophyllidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Gorgonidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

In RAMS spelled as Cymodocea australis [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

in RAMS spelled as M. longircollaris [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

In RAMS spelled as S.( Leodamus) marginatus mcleani [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

In RAMS spelled as S. (Leodamus) ohlini [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

In RAMS, this species is spelled "Herdmadion magalhaensi" [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Jathrippa [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Kophobelemnonidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

listed as Mogula robini [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Mogula pedunculata in RAMS checklist [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Referred to by RAMS as Leucoselenia discoveryi[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Referred to by RAMS as Leucoselenia[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Referred to by RAMS as Biemna chiliensis[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Referred to by RAMS as Coelosphaera appendiculata[details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Referred to by RAMS as Desmacidon ramosa and by Uriz as Desmacidon ramosus, but corrected for gender of genus name. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Referred to by RAMS as Dolichocantha macrodon[details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Spelled as Alyconidum eightsi in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Spelled as Amphlibestrum inermis in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Spelled as Camploplites retiformis in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Spelled Harmothoe (Harmathoe) spinosa in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Spelled Herdmadion in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Spelled in RAMS as Pseudoscalibregmida bransfieldia [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Spelles as Amphiporus gerlachi in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

This Genus is also spelled Frontoserolils in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Umbellula thomsonii [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

(Hartman, 1978) mentions 3 not yet described species: sp.A, sp. B and sp. C [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

A species named A. nr. hastulifera was described by (Fauvel, 1936) in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Belongs to Lineidae accoriding to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Belongs to Prosorhochmidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Classified under Iphitimidae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Classified under Onuphidae in RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Gambi et al., 1997 mentions two not yet described species: sp. 1 and sp. 2 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Gambi et al., 1997 mentios 2 not yet described species: sp.1 and sp.2 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Gambi et al., 1997 mention a not yet described species, Harmothoe sp.1 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Hooper (2002) and Van Soest (2002) in the same volume assign Bipocillopsis as a junior synonym to different genera ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

RAMS also mentions a species Pionosyllis cf. comosa [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

RAMS also mentions a species Autolytus cf. simplex [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

RAMS also mentions a species Autolutus cf. maclearanus [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

RAMS mentions also a species Sphaerosyllis cf. tetralix[details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Referred to by RAMS as Monosyringa, which is a junior synonym. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Referred to by RAMS as Geodinella, which is a junior genus name for Geodia according to a checklist provided by Rob ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

The genus Leodora is placed under Serpulidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

This genus belongs to Lineidae according to RAMS [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

This Genus is placed under Serpulidae in RAMS [details]



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