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Porifera source details

Costa, G.; Betti, F.; Nepote, E.; Cattaneo-Vietti, R.; Pansini, M.; Bavestrello, G.; Bertolino, M. (2018). Sponge community variations within two semi-submerged caves of the Ligurian Sea (Mediterranean Sea) over a half-century time span. The European Zoological Journal. 85 (1): 382-392.
334904
10.1080/24750263.2018.1525439 [view]
Costa, G.; Betti, F.; Nepote, E.; Cattaneo-Vietti, R.; Pansini, M.; Bavestrello, G.; Bertolino, M.
2018
Sponge community variations within two semi-submerged caves of the Ligurian Sea (Mediterranean Sea) over a half-century time span
The European Zoological Journal
85 (1): 382-392
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
In the last few decades, macrobenthic community structures and their species abundances have shown significant changes in the Mediterranean Sea, whose causes were attributed to anthropogenic activities and to global warming effects. The Mediterranean sponges have shown a peculiar sensitivity to these changes: the populations of some species showed significant decreases, while others, more thermophilous, increased. Therefore, sponges may be a good proxy for evaluating the effects of environmental changes. Thanks to the observations conducted by Sarà about 55 years ago, a comparative analysis of the sponge populations present within two semi-submerged caves in the Ligurian Sea was possible. The two sponge assemblages re-studied in 2016 showed an increase in terms of specific richness and a significant change in their structural aspects, since the three-dimensional growth forms were mostly replaced by two-dimensional ones, a process observed also in other littoral communities. Consequently, the sponge communities inside the semi submerged caves may be considered poorly resilient: the massive sponges were hit by the positive thermal anomalies occurring in the Ligurian Sea in the last decade and were replaced by encrusting forms, within a possible phase of cave recolonisation.
Mediterranean Sea in general
Biodiversity, Taxonomic and ecological diversity
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2018-11-16 10:01:32Z
created

Antho (Antho) involvens (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Cacospongia mollior Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) depressa Sarà & Melone, 1966 (additional source)
Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Dendroxea lenis (Topsent, 1892) (additional source)
Diplastrella bistellata (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Dysidea incrustans (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Latrunculia (Biannulata) citharistae Vacelet, 1969 (additional source)
Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (additional source)
Phorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Phorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925) (additional source)
Protosuberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815) (additional source)
Protosuberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815) (misapplication)
Rhabderemia topsenti van Soest & Hooper, 1993 (additional source)
Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Scalarispongia scalaris (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Spirastrella cunctatrix Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 (additional source)
Spongia (Spongia) virgultosa (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Stelletta hispida (Buccich, 1886) (additional source)
Terpios gelatinosa (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Terpios gelatinosus (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Timea fasciata Topsent, 1934 (additional source)
Timea unistellata (Topsent, 1892) (additional source)
Western Mediterranean for Antho (Antho) involvens (Schmidt, 1864) 
Western Mediterranean for Cacospongia mollior Schmidt, 1862 
Western Mediterranean for Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 
Western Mediterranean for Clathria (Clathria) depressa Sarà & Melone, 1966 
Western Mediterranean for Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1814) 
Western Mediterranean for Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Dendroxea lenis (Topsent, 1892) 
Western Mediterranean for Diplastrella bistellata (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) 
Western Mediterranean for Dysidea incrustans (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864) 
Western Mediterranean for Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Latrunculia (Biannulata) citharistae Vacelet, 1969 
Western Mediterranean for Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) 
Western Mediterranean for Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) 
Western Mediterranean for Phorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Western Mediterranean for Phorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925) 
Western Mediterranean for Protosuberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815)  (inaccurate)
Western Mediterranean for Rhabderemia topsenti van Soest & Hooper, 1993 
Western Mediterranean for Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 
Western Mediterranean for Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 
Western Mediterranean for Scalarispongia scalaris (Schmidt, 1862) 
Western Mediterranean for Spirastrella cunctatrix Schmidt, 1868 
Western Mediterranean for Spirastrella cunctatrix Schmidt, 1868 
Western Mediterranean for Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 
Western Mediterranean for Spongia (Spongia) virgultosa (Schmidt, 1868) 
Western Mediterranean for Stelletta hispida (Buccich, 1886) 
Western Mediterranean for Terpios gelatinosa (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Western Mediterranean for Terpios gelatinosa (Bowerbank, 1866) 
Western Mediterranean for Timea fasciata Topsent, 1934 
Western Mediterranean for Timea unistellata (Topsent, 1892) 


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