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Polychaeta name details

Serpula bicornis Adams, 1798

528094  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:528094)

 unaccepted (foraminifer erroneously described in a polychaete genus)
Species
marine
Adams, George; Kanmacher, Frederik. (1798). Essays on the microscope : containing a practical description of the most improved microscopes; a general history of insects, their transformations, peculiar habits, and œconomy : an account of the various species, and singular properties, of the hydræ and vorticellæ: a description of three hundred and eighty-three animalcula : with a concise catalogue of interesting objects: a view of the organization of timber, and the configuration of salts, when under the microscope. [Book]. 724 pp. Second edition, by the late George Adams, edited by Kanmacher., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.87049 [details]   
Homonymy Serpula bicornis Adams 1798 (previously incorrectly here and probably elsewhere as Walker & Jacob, but not in Turton...  
Homonymy Serpula bicornis Adams 1798 (previously incorrectly here and probably elsewhere as Walker & Jacob, but not in Turton (1802)) is a junior homonym of S. bicornis (Abildgaard) [also not a serpulid]. It is not a serpulid but most probably it is a Foraminifera; attributed to Miliola by Brown (1827); and therefore was tentatively matched with Miliolina bicornis by serpulid editor (HAtH); presently Adelosina bicornis [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Serpula bicornis Adams, 1798. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=528094 on 2018-05-21
Date
action
by
2010-10-05 05:53:15Z
created
2010-12-18 09:03:33Z
changed
2018-05-17 03:35:02Z
changed

original description Adams, George; Kanmacher, Frederik. (1798). Essays on the microscope : containing a practical description of the most improved microscopes; a general history of insects, their transformations, peculiar habits, and œconomy : an account of the various species, and singular properties, of the hydræ and vorticellæ: a description of three hundred and eighty-three animalcula : with a concise catalogue of interesting objects: a view of the organization of timber, and the configuration of salts, when under the microscope. [Book]. 724 pp. Second edition, by the late George Adams, edited by Kanmacher., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.87049 [details]   

additional source Boys, W.; Walker, G. (1784). Testacea minuta rariora, nuperrime detecta in arena littoris Sandvicensis / A collection of the minute and rare shells, lately discovered in the sand of the sea shore near Sandwich / by William Boys ... ; considerably augmented, and all their figures accurately drawn, as magnified with the microscopy, by Geo. Walker, bookseller, at Faversham. [Booklet]. 25 pp, published by George Walker., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.143671
note: names created of Serpula bicornis ventricosa, Serpula bicornis umbilico perforato, but these are not binominal and the work has been rejected by ICZN Opinion (ICZN Opinion 558 in 1959, vol 20, p.279) [details]   

additional source Turton W. (1802). A General System of Nature, through the three grand Kingdoms of Animals, Vegetables, and Minerals; systematicallydivided into their several classes, orders, genera, species, and varieties, with their habitations, manners, economy, structure,and peculiarities. Translated from Gmelin's last edition of the celebrated Systema Natura, by Sir Charles Linné : Amended andenlarged by the improvements and discoveries of later naturalists and societies, with appropriate copper-pla. Lackington and co. 4 vol.: , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83209
page(s): 609 in volume 4; note: page 609 Serpula  [details]   

new combination reference Brown, T. (1827). Illustrations of the conchology of Great Britain and Ireland. Drawn from nature. W.H. Lizars and D. Lizars, Edinburgh and S. Highley, London. 144 pp., 52 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127868 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Authority Names were first created of Serpula bicornis ventricosa, Serpula bicornis umbilico perforato, etc, in Boys & Walker 1784) but these are not binominal and the work has been rejected by ICZN Opinion (ICZN Opinion 558 in 1959, vol 20, p.279). Names next published in Adams (1798: 633) in binominal form as Serpula bicornis and Serpula perforata. Whether the authorship should anywhere include Jacobs or Walker is very dubious, particularly as Adams uses the first person to comment on his description (such as it is). He doesn't give an authorship but would be assuming he was repeating (in altered form) the multi-word names first presented in 1784, but those names (and authors names) are unavailable. Later Turton (1802 page 609 Serpula) gives the authorship as Kanmacher & Adams. This also seems correct today, and seems to dispose of the Walker authorship, usage origin unexplained. [details]

Homonymy Serpula bicornis Adams 1798 (previously incorrectly here and probably elsewhere as Walker & Jacob, but not in Turton (1802)) is a junior homonym of S. bicornis (Abildgaard) [also not a serpulid]. It is not a serpulid but most probably it is a Foraminifera; attributed to Miliola by Brown (1827); and therefore was tentatively matched with Miliolina bicornis by serpulid editor (HAtH); presently Adelosina bicornis [details]