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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyphragma Quatrefages, 1866 
AphiaID: 381458

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSabellida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpulidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyphragma (Genus)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydroides Gunnerus, 1768
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupomatus uncinatus Philippi, 1844 (type by subsequent designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpulidae Rafinesque, 1815
Sources  original description Quatrefages, Armand de. 1866. Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 2. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. , available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 507; note: Not a genus, but used as a subgenus or subgrouping of Serpula, for the species Eupomatus uncinatus, Serpula vermicularis, and Serpula mulleri [details]

source of synonymy Bastida-Zavala, Jose Rolando and ten Hove, Harry A. 2002. Revision of Hydroides Gunnerus, 1768 (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) from the Western Atlantic Region. Beaufortia, 52(9): 103-178. [details]

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Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyphragma uncinatus (Philippi, 1844) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydroides uncinata (Phillipi, 1844)
Environment marine
Fossil range recent only
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrammatical gender Assumed to be neuter from the Greek noun phragma (a fence or hedge), but as Quatrefages names were agreeing with feminine Serpula (with Polyphragma as a subgroup of it), there is no usage which demonstrates this. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomonymy Polyphragma Quatrefages 1866 is the senior homonym to Polyphragma Reuss 1871 in Protista, and Polyphragma Alexander 1931 in Diptera (renamed Eupolyphragma Alexander 1948) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature Hartman (1959) states Polyphragma was erected for Eupomatus uncinatus. However, two further species were included. Quatrefages seems to have applied the name as a label for a grouping at a rank of subgenus or lower within Serpula, defined by a two layered operculum. This is Hydroides, type H. norvegica. In contrast, Quatrefages included Hydroides norvegica in his Vermilia, a lumped grouping of several genera valid today. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:381458
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2009-01-26 14:38:52Z  created  ten Hove, Harry
2014-03-25 21:21:15Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G.; ten Hove, H. (2014). Polyphragma Quatrefages, 1866. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2015) World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=381458 on 2016-09-30