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Polychaeta taxon details

Praxillura maculata Moore, 1923

331091  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:331091)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Moore, J. Percy. (1923). The polychaetous annelids dredged by the U.S.S. ''Albatross'' off the coast of southern California in 1904. IV. Spionidae to Sabellariidae. <em>Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 75: 179-259, plates XVII-XVIII., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.12425 [details]   
Type locality contained in Santa Cruz Is.  
type locality contained in Santa Cruz Is. [details]
Note off Santa Cruz Island, 447-510 fathoms, black...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality off Santa Cruz Island, 447-510 fathoms, black mud, rocks, California, Albatross Station 4427 (data on this station is in "Fisheries Document No. 604, Washington.1906" according to Moore) [details]
Taxonomy Both Moore and Hartman do not mention the unique spokes on the tube. The first observation of this was by McDaniel & Banse...  
Taxonomy Both Moore and Hartman do not mention the unique spokes on the tube. The first observation of this was by McDaniel & Banse (1979) who also compared Moore's specimen with theirs, in considerable detail. As their specimens were from inshore shallow water and Moore's from around 900 m there is a considerable depth difference, but they appear confident the instances were the same taxon. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Praxillura maculata Moore, 1923. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=331091 on 2020-02-18
Date
action
by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description Moore, J. Percy. (1923). The polychaetous annelids dredged by the U.S.S. ''Albatross'' off the coast of southern California in 1904. IV. Spionidae to Sabellariidae. <em>Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 75: 179-259, plates XVII-XVIII., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.12425 [details]   

taxonomy source Hartman, O. (1969). Atlas of the sedentariate polychaetous annelids from California. 1-812. Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California. Los Angeles.
page(s): 481; note: no mention of the spokes at the tube entrance [details]   

ecology source McDaniel, N. and Banse, K. 1979. A novel method of suspension feeding by the maldanid polychaete Praxillura maculata. Marine Biology 55: 129-132., available online at http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00397308
note: Feeding by means of spoke-suspended mucous net [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Holotype USNM 17370. Smithsonian Institution, Washington (USNM); Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia [details]

Taxonomy Both Moore and Hartman do not mention the unique spokes on the tube. The first observation of this was by McDaniel & Banse (1979) who also compared Moore's specimen with theirs, in considerable detail. As their specimens were from inshore shallow water and Moore's from around 900 m there is a considerable depth difference, but they appear confident the instances were the same taxon. [details]

Type locality off Santa Cruz Island, 447-510 fathoms, black mud, rocks, California, Albatross Station 4427 (data on this station is in "Fisheries Document No. 604, Washington.1906" according to Moore) [details]