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Polychaeta taxon details

Abyssocapitella commensalis Buzhinskaja & Smirnov, 2000

326197  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:326197)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Buzhinskaja, G.N.; Smirnov, R.V. (2000). Abyssocapitella commensalis gen. et sp. n. associated with the deep-sea pogonophore Spirobrachia leospira Gureeva, 1975 (Polychaeta: Capitellidae). Ophelia. 52(3): 171-176., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00785236.1999.10409425
page(s): 172-175, figs. 1-2 [details]   
Holotype  ZIRAS 1/50424, locality South Sandwich Trench...  
Holotype ZIRAS 1/50424, locality South Sandwich Trench (South Sandwich Trench, South Atlantic Ocean, R/V 'Academic Kurchatov' Sta. 867 (55º14.0'S, 26º19.9'W); 8004-8116 m, in tubes and fragments of tubes, mainly empty, of pogonophores) [details]
Note South Sandwich Trench, Southeast Atlantic...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality South Sandwich Trench, Southeast Atlantic Ocean (55º14.0'S, 26º19.9'W), between 8004-8116 m, in tubes and fragments of tubes, mainly empty, of pogonophores.  [details]
Depth range 6052-8116 m.   
Depth range 6052-8116 m.  [details]

Distribution Southeast Atlantic, South Sandwich Trench.   
Distribution Southeast Atlantic, South Sandwich Trench.  [details]

Etymology The specific epithet commensalis is a Latin adjective composed by the Latin prefix com-, meaning 'together', the Latin noun...  
Etymology The specific epithet commensalis is a Latin adjective composed by the Latin prefix com-, meaning 'together', the Latin noun mensa, meaning 'table', and the Latin suffix -is, used to form adjectives, and refers to the mode of life of the species, stated to live as a commensal of the pogonophore Spirobrachia leospira Gureeva, 1975.  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Abyssocapitella commensalis Buzhinskaja & Smirnov, 2000. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=326197 on 2018-04-25
Date
action
by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description Buzhinskaja, G.N.; Smirnov, R.V. (2000). Abyssocapitella commensalis gen. et sp. n. associated with the deep-sea pogonophore Spirobrachia leospira Gureeva, 1975 (Polychaeta: Capitellidae). Ophelia. 52(3): 171-176., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00785236.1999.10409425
page(s): 172-175, figs. 1-2 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Holotype ZIRAS 1/50424, locality South Sandwich Trench (South Sandwich Trench, South Atlantic Ocean, R/V 'Academic Kurchatov' Sta. 867 (55º14.0'S, 26º19.9'W); 8004-8116 m, in tubes and fragments of tubes, mainly empty, of pogonophores) [details]
Paratype ZIRAS 2/50425, locality South Sandwich Trench (South Sandwich Trench, South Atlantic Ocean, R/V 'Academic Kurchatov' Sta. 867 (55º14.0'S, 26º19.9'W); 8004-8116 m, in tubes and fragments of tubes, mainly empty, of pogonophores) [details]
Paratype ZIRAS 3/50426, locality South Sandwich Trench (South Sandwich Trench, South Atlantic Ocean, R/V 'Academic Kurchatov' Sta. 898 (54º47.5'S, 24º56.2'W); 6052-6150 m, in tubes and fragments of tubes, mainly empty, of pogonophores) [details]
Paratype ZIRAS 4/50427, locality South Sandwich Trench (South Sandwich Trench, South Atlantic Ocean, R/V 'Academic Kurchatov' Sta. 866 (55º06.4'S, 26º43.0'W); 7694-7934 m, in tubes and fragments of tubes, mainly empty, of pogonophores) [details]
From editor or global species database
Depth range 6052-8116 m.  [details]

Distribution Southeast Atlantic, South Sandwich Trench.  [details]

Editor's comment Abyssocapitella commensalis was described as being a commensal of the pogonophore Spirobrachia leospira Gureeva, 1975. It was also pointed that their interrelationship could be of a parasitoid-host nature (some food lumps of the capitellid included pogonophoran setae). The species was found living inside tubes of the pogonophore, but with the exception of two specimens which cohabited with the hosts, all the other specimens were found in empty middle fragments of tubes of Spirobrachia leospira. This way, it seems that A. commensalis is using the empty tube fragments for protection more than being a commensal with the pogonophore. Probably the two registered cases of coexistence between the two species in the same tube are accidental. [João Gil, 2013-10-03].  [details]

Etymology The specific epithet commensalis is a Latin adjective composed by the Latin prefix com-, meaning 'together', the Latin noun mensa, meaning 'table', and the Latin suffix -is, used to form adjectives, and refers to the mode of life of the species, stated to live as a commensal of the pogonophore Spirobrachia leospira Gureeva, 1975.  [details]

Habitat Stated to live as a commensal in tubes of the pogonophoran Spirobrachia leospira Gureeva, 1975, both empty and with the host, at abyssal depths.  [details]

Type locality South Sandwich Trench, Southeast Atlantic Ocean (55º14.0'S, 26º19.9'W), between 8004-8116 m, in tubes and fragments of tubes, mainly empty, of pogonophores.  [details]