About | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Search literature | Specimens | Distribution | Checklist | Stats | Log in

Polychaeta taxon details

Alitta virens (M. Sars, 1835)

234851  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:234851)

accepted
Species
Neanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835) (superseded subsequent combination)
Nereis (Alitta) virens M Sars, 1835 (superseded combination)
Nereis (Neanthes) paucidentata Treadwell, 1939 (subjective synonymy of a primary junior homonym)
Nereis (Neanthes) varia Treadwell, 1941 (subjective synonymy of replacement name)
Nereis (Neanthes) virens Sars, 1835 (superseded combination)
Nereis dyamusi Izuka, 1912 (subjective synonym)
Nereis virens Sars, 1835 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofNereis virens Sars, 1835) Sars, M. (1835). Beskrivelser og Iagttagelser over nogle moerkelige eller nye i Havet ved den Bergenske Kyst levende Dyr af Polypernes, Acalephernes, Radiaternes, Annelidernes og Molluskernes classer, med en kort Oversigt over de hidtil af Forfatteren sammesteds fundne Arter og deres Forekommen. Bergen, Thorstein Hallagers Forlag hos Chr. Dahl, R.S., xii + 81 pp., 15 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46907
page(s): 58-60, plate 10 figs. 27 a, b, c [details]   
Type locality contained in Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone  
type locality contained in Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Nomenclature An explanation to non-taxonomists that if you want to indicate a replaced old genus/species combination you say “Alitta...  
Nomenclature An explanation to non-taxonomists that if you want to indicate a replaced old genus/species combination you say “Alitta virens (formerly Nereis virens)". It is wrong to use the construction of "Alitta (Nereis) virens". This is because “Nereis” is the name of a very well-known valid genus with hundreds of species, whereas Alitta is a more recent obscure genus which has a only a handful of species. If you put Nereis in parenthesis between the genus name Alitta and the species name it means that you think that Nereis is a subgenus of Alitta. That is the way a subgenus is indicated. Every biologist knows this simple convention (or should know it). However, it is impossible to have Nereis as a subgenus of Alitta since Nereis is the senior name by over a century. A senior name has priority as the genus name and cannot be a subgenus of a junior one. So Alitta can be (and once was) a subgenus of Nereis, but Nereis can never be a subgenus of Alitta. In any case they are today regarded as very different genera. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Alitta virens (M. Sars, 1835). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=234851 on 2018-12-10
Date
action
by
2006-11-26 16:18:18Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description  (ofNereis virens Sars, 1835) Sars, M. (1835). Beskrivelser og Iagttagelser over nogle moerkelige eller nye i Havet ved den Bergenske Kyst levende Dyr af Polypernes, Acalephernes, Radiaternes, Annelidernes og Molluskernes classer, med en kort Oversigt over de hidtil af Forfatteren sammesteds fundne Arter og deres Forekommen. Bergen, Thorstein Hallagers Forlag hos Chr. Dahl, R.S., xii + 81 pp., 15 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46907
page(s): 58-60, plate 10 figs. 27 a, b, c [details]   

original description  (ofNereis yankiana Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, A. de. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <em>Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris.</em> <b>Volume 1.</b> 1-588., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 553-554, plate 17 figs. 7-8 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofNereis dyamusi Izuka, 1912) Izuka, A. (1912). The errantiate Polychaeta of Japan. <em>Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo.</em> 30(2): 1-262, plates I-XXIV., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/121156#page/491/mode/1up
page(s): 169-171, plate XVIII figs. 1-7 [details]   

original description  (ofNereis (Neanthes) paucidentata Treadwell, 1939) Treadwell, Aaron L. (1939). New polychaetous annelids from New England, Texas and Puerto Rico. <em>American Museum Novitates.</em> 1023: 1-7., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2246/4821
page(s): 6, fig. 25; note: primary homonym later replaced by Treadwell (1941) with new name Nereis (Neanthes) varia [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofNereis (Neanthes) varia Treadwell, 1941) Treadwell, Aaron L. (1941). Polychaetous annelids from the New England region, Porto Rico and Brazil. <em>American Museum Novitates.</em> 1138: 1-4., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2246/4787
page(s): 3; note: brief note replacing preoccupied Nereis (Neanthes) paucidentata with N (N) varia [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Villalobos-Guerrero, Tulio F.; Bakken, Torkild. (2018). Revision of the Alitta virens species complex (Annelida: Nereididae) from the North Pacific Ocean. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4483(2): 201-257., available online at https://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4483.2.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Bakken, Torkild; Wilson, Robin S. (2005). Phylogeny of nereidids (Polychaeta, Nereididae) with paragnaths. <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 34(5): 507-547., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00200.x
note: announce a detailed description of recently relocated type material is in preparation [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Wang, J. J. & Huang, Z. G. (1994). Fouling polychaetes of Hong Kong and adjacent waters. In Asian Marine Biology 10 (ed. Morton, B.), PP1-12. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature An explanation to non-taxonomists that if you want to indicate a replaced old genus/species combination you say “Alitta virens (formerly Nereis virens)". It is wrong to use the construction of "Alitta (Nereis) virens". This is because “Nereis” is the name of a very well-known valid genus with hundreds of species, whereas Alitta is a more recent obscure genus which has a only a handful of species. If you put Nereis in parenthesis between the genus name Alitta and the species name it means that you think that Nereis is a subgenus of Alitta. That is the way a subgenus is indicated. Every biologist knows this simple convention (or should know it). However, it is impossible to have Nereis as a subgenus of Alitta since Nereis is the senior name by over a century. A senior name has priority as the genus name and cannot be a subgenus of a junior one. So Alitta can be (and once was) a subgenus of Nereis, but Nereis can never be a subgenus of Alitta. In any case they are today regarded as very different genera. [details]

Synonymy Current combination: Alitta virens (M. Sars, 1835)
The original name is Nereis virens Sars, 1835 (superseded original combination)
Other intermediate names are;
Nereis (Alitta) virens M. Sars, 1835 (superseded subsequent combination)
Neanthes virens (M. Sars, 1835) (superseded subsequent combination)
Nereis (Neanthes) virens M. Sars, 1835 (superseded subsequent combination)

WoRMS editors attempt to record first usages of each combination, but often with a much used name such as here, this will require more time to determine than is available. The Biodiversity Heritage Library can give some indication of the sequence of names, but mostly does not have literature beyond 1923.
 [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch zager  [details]
English king ragwormking rag worm [from synonym]  [details]
German irisierende Seeringelwurm [from synonym]  [details]
Japanese ジャムシ  [details]
Nereis (Alitta) virens
 Nereis (Alitta) virens
[image from synonym]

Nereis (Alitta) virens
 Nereis (Alitta) virens
[image from synonym]

Picture of Nereis (Alitta) virens
 Picture of Nereis (...
[image from synonym]