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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone heterosetosa McIntosh, 1885

174843 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:174843)
accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone clavator Ehlers, 1913 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone turqueti Gravier, 1906 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
McIntosh, William C. (1885). Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Ser. Zoology. vol. 12 [part 34 of reports]: 1-554, plates 1-55, 1A-39A, & Annelida stations map., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50688426
page(s): 205-206, pl. XXXIII figs. 15-16, pl. XXIVA fig. 11 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Antarctic Ocean, off Marion Island (46º48'S,...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Antarctic Ocean, off Marion Island (46º48'S, 37º49'30"E).  [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range 126 m (69 fathoms).   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range 126 m (69 fathoms).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Antarctic Ocean.  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Antarctic Ocean. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The specific epithet heterosetosa derives from...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The specific epithet heterosetosa derives from the Ancient Greek word 'heteros', meaning 'different', and the Latin adjective setosa, meaning 'hairy' or 'bristly', and refers to the different types of chaetae present in the species.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Taxonomy possibly uncertain as based on a now...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Taxonomy possibly uncertain as based on a now lost and possibly originally damaged type from off Marion Island, but later reported from distant locations by several authors. Also there is confusion with E. anomalochaeta Benham, 1921, and with a name misspelling as 'heterochaeta' perpetuated over several publications by Augener (1913, 1923, 1924). San Martin (2005) described only Australian specimens and did not compare accounts from elsewhere. Barroso et al (2017: 406) reports that "Based on specimens from the Kerguelen Islands, Monro (1939) synonymized [E. anomalochaeta] with E. heterosetosa McIntosh, 1885. However, based on the illustrations provided (Monro 1939: Fig. 9), all the [Kerguelen] material examined by Monro belongs to E. anomalochaeta and not to E. heterosetosa, which is a fairly different species (see San Martín 2005). [According to Barroso et al 2017] Exogone heterosetosa differs from E. anomalochaeta by having the median antenna longer than the combined length of prostomium and palps, by having falcigers with proportionally larger blades, and also by having spiniger-like compound chaetae, which are absent in E. anomalochaeta" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Antarctic Ocean, off Marion Island (46º48'S,...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Antarctic Ocean, off Marion Island (46º48'S, 37º49'30"E).  [details]
Gil, J.; Musco, L. (2014). Exogone heterosetosa McIntosh, 1885. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=174843 on 2017-11-24

Date
action
by
2005-07-14 08:59:00Z
created
2007-03-29 10:21:37Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-09-04 11:38:22Z
changed


original description McIntosh, William C. (1885). Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Ser. Zoology. vol. 12 [part 34 of reports]: 1-554, plates 1-55, 1A-39A, & Annelida stations map., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50688426
page(s): 205-206, pl. XXXIII figs. 15-16, pl. XXIVA fig. 11 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone clavator Ehlers, 1913) Ehlers, E. 1913. Die Polychaeten-Sammlungen der deutschen Südpolar- Expedition, 1901-1903. Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903 im Auftrage des Reichsamtes des innern herausgegeben von Erich von Drygalski Leiter Expedition, 13(4): 397-598, plates XXVI-XLVI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18731#page/461/mode/1up* [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone turqueti Gravier, 1906) Gravier, C. 1906. Sur les Annélides Polychètes recueillies par l'Expédition Antarcique française (Syllidiens). Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 12: 283-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/27175#page/305/mode/1up
page(s): 285-286 [details]   

additional source Monro, Charles C. A. 1939. Polychaeta. B.A.N.Z.Antarctic Research Expedition Reports, Ser. B Zoology and Botany, 4(4): 87-156.
note: possibly not a record of E. heterosetosa but of E. anomalochaeta fide Barroso et al (2017). Also notifies that the holotype of E. heterosetosa is lost. [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source San Martín, G. (2005). Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and twenty-two new species. Records of the Australian Museum. 57(1): 39-152., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.57.2005.1438
page(s): 124; note: redescription from Australian mainland specimens as Exogone (Exogone) heterosetosa McIntosh, 1885 [details]   

additional source Fauvel, Pierre. (1916). Annélides polychètes des Iles Falkland recueillies par M. Rupert Vallentin Esqre (1902-1910). Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 55(10): 417-482, plates VIII-IX., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29985#page/543/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Knox, G. A. and Cameron, D. B. 1998. The Marina Fauna of the Ross Sea: Polychaeta. NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 108: 1-125.
page(s): 51; note: repeat of previous records. Includes E. anomalochaeta Benham 1921 as a synonym. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone clavator Ehlers, 1913) Day, John H.; Morgans, J.F.C. (1956). The Ecology of South African estuaries. Part 7. The Biology of Durban Bay. Annals of the Natal Museum. 13(3): 259-312, plate IV. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone turqueti Gravier, 1906) Gravier, C. 1907. Annélides Polychètes. In: Expédition antarctique française (1903-1905, commandée par le Dr. Jean Charcot. Masson et Cie. Paris. 1-75. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/15912#page/7/mode/1up
page(s): 9-12, text-figs. 3-6, plate I figs. 3-8 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone turqueti Gravier, 1906) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone clavator Ehlers, 1913) Hartmann-Schröder, Gesa. (1974). Zur Kenntnis des Eulitorals der afrikanischen Westküste zwischen Angola und Kap der Guten Hoffnung und der afrikanischen Ostküste von Südafrika und Mocambique unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Polychaeten und Ostracoden. Teil II. Die Polychaeten des Untersuchungsgebietes. Mitteilungen des Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museums und Instituts. Ergänzungsband zu Band 69: 95-228.
page(s): 136-137 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone heterochaeta [auct. misspelling for 'heterosetosa']) Augener, Hermann. (1913). Polychaeta I. Errantia. 65-304. IN: Michaelsen, W. and Hartmeyer, R. (Ed.). Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Ergebnisse der Hamburger südwest-australischen Forschungsreise 1905. Volume IV, Lieferung 5. Gustav Fischer. Jena. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31515#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 247; note: 'heterochaeta' as spelling error for E heterosetosa McIntosh, and also incorrectly cites Ehlers (1897: 51) as using same misspelling [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone heterochaeta [auct. misspelling for 'heterosetosa']) Augener, Hermann. (1923). Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen's Pacific Expedition 1914-16. XIV. Polychaeta I. Polychaeten von den Auckland- und Campbell-Inseln. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Köbenhavn,. 75: 1-115., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27905256
page(s): 59; note: continues to use incorrect 'heterochaeta' spelling of E. heterosetosa [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone heterochaeta [auct. misspelling for 'heterosetosa']) Augener, H. 1924. Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen's Pacific Expedition 1914-16. XVIII. Polychaeta II. Polychaeten von Neuseeland. I. Errantia. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Köbenhavn, 75: 241-441., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88783#page/493/mode/1up
page(s): 395; note: continues to use incorrect 'heterochaeta' spelling of E. heterosetosa McIntosh [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone heterochaeta [auct. misspelling for 'heterosetosa']) Fauvel, Pierre. (1916). Annélides polychètes des Iles Falkland recueillies par M. Rupert Vallentin Esqre (1902-1910). Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 55(10): 417-482, plates VIII-IX., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29985#page/543/mode/1up [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] MNHN POLY TYPE 275, locality Graham Land (Port Charcot (former Baie de Carthage), Booth Island (= Wandel Island), Wilhelm Archipelago, Graham Land, Antarctica (geocoordinates not provided, but estimated with gazetteer to be approximately lat. -65.065063º, long. -64.031980º); 20-40 m) [view taxon]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range 126 m (69 fathoms).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Antarctic Ocean. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The specific epithet heterosetosa derives from the Ancient Greek word 'heteros', meaning 'different', and the Latin adjective setosa, meaning 'hairy' or 'bristly', and refers to the different types of chaetae present in the species.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Volcanic sand, "found amongst the bristles of Lagisca antarctica during the examination of that form".  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Taxonomy possibly uncertain as based on a now lost and possibly originally damaged type from off Marion Island, but later reported from distant locations by several authors. Also there is confusion with E. anomalochaeta Benham, 1921, and with a name misspelling as 'heterochaeta' perpetuated over several publications by Augener (1913, 1923, 1924). San Martin (2005) described only Australian specimens and did not compare accounts from elsewhere. Barroso et al (2017: 406) reports that "Based on specimens from the Kerguelen Islands, Monro (1939) synonymized [E. anomalochaeta] with E. heterosetosa McIntosh, 1885. However, based on the illustrations provided (Monro 1939: Fig. 9), all the [Kerguelen] material examined by Monro belongs to E. anomalochaeta and not to E. heterosetosa, which is a fairly different species (see San Martín 2005). [According to Barroso et al 2017] Exogone heterosetosa differs from E. anomalochaeta by having the median antenna longer than the combined length of prostomium and palps, by having falcigers with proportionally larger blades, and also by having spiniger-like compound chaetae, which are absent in E. anomalochaeta" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Antarctic Ocean, off Marion Island (46º48'S, 37º49'30"E).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType specimen The holotype is lost fide Monro (1939: 116 "Unfortunately McIntosh's type specimen is no longer in existence."). The type specimen is not recorded at the Natural History Museum data portal, where only specimens from B.A.N.Z.A.R. Expedition 1929-1931 are listed (these were recorded by Monro 1939 and (fide Barroso et al. 2017) are possibly E. anomalochaeta, not heterosetosa).  [details]