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Polychaeta name details

Dasychone Sars, 1862

155467  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:155467)

 unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Genus

Species Dasychone argus Sars, 1862 accepted as Branchiomma argus (Sars, 1862) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone bairdi McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Branchiomma bairdi (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone bombyx (Dalyell, 1853) accepted as Branchiomma bombyx (Dalyell, 1853) (Subsequent combination)
Species Dasychone capensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Branchiomma violacea (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone cingulata Grube, 1870 accepted as Branchiomma cingulatum (Grube, 1870) (superseded combination)
Species Dasychone conspera [Vine, 1986 lapsus] accepted as Dasychone conspersa Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Branchiomma conspersum (Ehlers, 1887) (incorrect spelling of Dasychone conspersa Ehlers, 1887)
Species Dasychone conspersa Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Branchiomma conspersum (Ehlers, 1887) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone corollifera Ehlers, 1913 accepted as Branchiomma corolliferum (Ehlers, 1913) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone curta Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Branchiomma curtum (Ehlers, 1901) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone dalyelli Levinsen, 1883 accepted as Branchiomma bombyx (Dalyell, 1853) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone decora Sars, 1862 accepted as Branchiomma infarctum (Krøyer, 1856) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone foliosa Ehlers, 1913 accepted as Branchiomma violacea (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone galei Augener, 1914 accepted as Branchiomma galei (Augener, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone gravelyi Aziz, 1938 accepted as Branchiomma gravelyi (Aziz, 1938) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone herdmani Hornell, 1892 accepted as Branchiomma argus (Sars, 1862) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone inconspicua M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 accepted as Branchiomma inconspicua (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone infarcta (Krøyer, 1856) accepted as Branchiomma infarctum (Krøyer, 1856) (superseded recombination)
Species Dasychone japonica McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Branchiomma cingulatum (Grube, 1870) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone kumari Aziz, 1938 accepted as Pseudobranchiomma orientalis (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone loandensis Treadwell, 1943 accepted as Branchiomma nigromaculatum (Baird, 1865) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone lucullana (Delle Chiaje, 1828) accepted as Branchiomma lucullanum (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (superseded combination)
Species Dasychone maculata Fischli, 1903 accepted as Branchiomma cingulatum (Grube, 1870) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone nigromaculata (Baird, 1865) accepted as Branchiomma nigromaculatum (Baird, 1865)
Species Dasychone odhneri Fauvel, 1921 accepted as Sabellastarte longa (Kinberg, 1866) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone orientalis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Pseudobranchiomma orientalis (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone picta McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Branchiomma picta (McIntosh, 1885)
Species Dasychone ponce Treadwell, 1901 accepted as Branchiomma nigromaculatum (Baird, 1865) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone pseudoviolacea Augener, 1922 accepted as Branchiomma pseudoviolacea (Augener, 1922) (superseded original combination)
Species Dasychone serratibranchis (Grube, 1878) accepted as Pseudobranchiomma serratibranchis (Grube, 1878) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Dasychone violacea McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Branchiomma natalensis (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Branchiomma natalense (Kinberg, 1866) (subjective synonym)
Species Dasychone wyvillei McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Branchiomma wyvillei (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Sars, M. (1862). Foredrag om de ved Norges Kyster forekommende Arter af den Linnéiske Annelideslægt Sabella. <em>Forhandliger I Videnskabs Selskabet i Christiania.</em> 1861: 116-133.
page(s): 118 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note No type designated? Sars (1862) described two...  
From editor or global species database
Type species No type designated? Sars (1862) described two new species, Dasychone argus and Dasychone decora (the latter first in page priority), both now in Branchiomma. Possibly no one has subsequently designated a type species. Hartman (1959) did not in her catalogue, and placed all species in Branchiomma. She presumably followed the much earlier synonymy of Johansson (1927: 158) [details]
Etymology Unusually for the time Sars (1862: 118) gave a full derivation of the etymology from Greek words dasy, meaning hairy, and...  
Etymology Unusually for the time Sars (1862: 118) gave a full derivation of the etymology from Greek words dasy, meaning hairy, and chone, meaning funnel. Chone is a feminine form of the word, although Brown (1954) also gives 'choanos' as a masculine form. Sars appears to treat the gender as feminine. McIntosh (1923: 273) in a footnote repeats the etymology (from the Greek for 'hairy funnel'), but does not attribute it to Sars [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Dasychone Sars, 1862. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=155467 on 2019-10-23
Date
action
by
2005-04-27 08:17:47Z
created
2008-03-05 09:00:37Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2010-09-12 20:35:08Z
changed
2018-11-16 02:16:05Z
changed

original description Sars, M. (1862). Foredrag om de ved Norges Kyster forekommende Arter af den Linnéiske Annelideslægt Sabella. <em>Forhandliger I Videnskabs Selskabet i Christiania.</em> 1861: 116-133.
page(s): 118 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source McIntosh, W.C. 1923. A monograph of the British marine annelids. Polychaeta, Sabellidae to Serpulidae. With additions to the British marine Polychaeta during the publication of the monograph. Ray Society of London, 4(2): 251-538.
page(s): 273; note: genus diagnosis, and lengthy description of Dayschone argus [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

source of synonymy Johansson, Karl Eric. (1927). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Polychaeten-Familien Hermellidae Sabellidae und Serpulidae. [inaugural-dissertation]. <em>Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala.</em> 11: 1-184.
page(s): 158; note: to Branchiomma [details]   
From editor or global species database
Etymology Unusually for the time Sars (1862: 118) gave a full derivation of the etymology from Greek words dasy, meaning hairy, and chone, meaning funnel. Chone is a feminine form of the word, although Brown (1954) also gives 'choanos' as a masculine form. Sars appears to treat the gender as feminine. McIntosh (1923: 273) in a footnote repeats the etymology (from the Greek for 'hairy funnel'), but does not attribute it to Sars [details]

Grammatical gender Sars and others following him appeared to treat the genus gender as feminine, which fits the genus etymology. While one of Sars new taxa was Dasychone argus, where argus is a noun in apposition, the name of a 'hundred-eyed guardian of Io', the other species was Dasychone decora, using the adjectival feminine of decoratus -a -um, meaning adorned or beautiful. [details]

Synonymy Genus name Dasychone continued to be used by biologists into the 1970s and even 1980s, although Johansson (1927) had long since synonymized it with Branchiomma, and the synonymy had been followed in the Hartman catalogue of 1959. [details]

Type species No type designated? Sars (1862) described two new species, Dasychone argus and Dasychone decora (the latter first in page priority), both now in Branchiomma. Possibly no one has subsequently designated a type species. Hartman (1959) did not in her catalogue, and placed all species in Branchiomma. She presumably followed the much earlier synonymy of Johansson (1927: 158) [details]