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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHesionura elongata (Southern, 1914)

130649  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130649)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHesionura augeneri (Friedrich, 1937) (subjective synonym; alternate representation)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Southern, Rowland 1914. Clare Island Survey. Archiannelida and Polychaeta. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 31(47): 1-160., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34773787 [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystides (Mesomystides) elongata Southern, 1914) Southern, Rowland 1914. Clare Island Survey. Archiannelida and Polychaeta. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 31(47): 1-160., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34773787 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Clew bay  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Clew bay [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Small bristle worm measuring up to 20 mm long....  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Small bristle worm measuring up to 20 mm long. The head is clearly longer than wide with two pairs
of antennae. The first segment is merged with the head; the second segment features 4 long tentacular cirri. The ventral cirri are longer than the parapodia. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Hesionura elongata was mainly...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Hesionura elongata was mainly observed in the open sea zone. In the area of the Flemish Banks and the Zeeland Banks the species mainly lives on the tops of the sandbanks. Further off the coast specimens are also found in the gullies between the banks. In comparison to the 1994-2001 period H. elongata had a high frequency of occurrence outside the near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. This is probably mainly due to the difference in sampling technique: in the 1994-2001 period samples were sieved alive, as a result of which small bristle worms such as H. elongata had the opportunity to actively slip through the meshes of the sieve. In both periods a maximum density of 1,200 to 1,600 ind./m2 was reached. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution This species is also reported in the Bahamas.
  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution This species is also reported in the Bahamas.

Generally found between 0 - 50 m in fine sand to gravel. [details]
Bellan, G. (2008). Hesionura elongata (Southern, 1914). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130649 on 2017-12-14

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description Southern, Rowland 1914. Clare Island Survey. Archiannelida and Polychaeta. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 31(47): 1-160., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34773787 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHesionura augeneri (Friedrich, 1937)) Friedrich, H. 1937. Polychaetenstudien. I-III. 1. Hesionides arenaria n.sp. n.gen., ein neuer Polychaet aus der Otoplanenzone der Nordsee. 2. Polydora ligni Webster 1880 in der Ostsee. 3. Über einige Klein-Polychaeten von Helgoland. Kieler Meeresforschungen 1(2): 343-351. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystides (Mesomystides) elongata Southern, 1914) Southern, Rowland 1914. Clare Island Survey. Archiannelida and Polychaeta. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 31(47): 1-160., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34773787 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystides augeneri Friedrich, 1937) Friedrich, H. 1937. Polychaetenstudien. I-III. 1. Hesionides arenaria n.sp. n.gen., ein neuer Polychaet aus der Otoplanenzone der Nordsee. 2. Polydora ligni Webster 1880 in der Ostsee. 3. Über einige Klein-Polychaeten von Helgoland. Kieler Meeresforschungen 1(2): 343-351.
page(s): 349-351, figs. 9-10 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHesionura augeneri (Friedrich, 1937)) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHesionura augeneri (Friedrich, 1937)) Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1971).[use for POLYCHAETA] Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta 1-594. IN: Dahl, Maria and Peus, Fritz (Ed.). Vol. 58. Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meeresteile nach ihren Maermalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. Gustav Fischer Verlag. Jena. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHesionura augeneri (Friedrich, 1937)) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHesionura augeneri (Friedrich, 1937)) Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystides (Mesomystides) elongata Southern, 1914) The Zoological Record: records of zoological literature relating chiefly to the year. Zoological Society of London City: London, UK. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystides augeneri Friedrich, 1937) Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystides augeneri Friedrich, 1937) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea) Census of Marine Life (2012). SYNDEEP: Towards a first global synthesis of biodiversity, biogeography and ecosystem function in the deep sea. Unpublished data (datasetID: 38), available online at http://www.comlsecretariat.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/SYNDEEP-Towards-a-first-global-synthesis-of-biodiversity-biogeography-and-ecosystem-function-in-the-deep-sea-Eva-Ramirez-Llodra-et-al..pdf [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Southern, 1914 [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Small bristle worm measuring up to 20 mm long. The head is clearly longer than wide with two pairs
of antennae. The first segment is merged with the head; the second segment features 4 long tentacular cirri. The ventral cirri are longer than the parapodia. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Hesionura elongata was mainly observed in the open sea zone. In the area of the Flemish Banks and the Zeeland Banks the species mainly lives on the tops of the sandbanks. Further off the coast specimens are also found in the gullies between the banks. In comparison to the 1994-2001 period H. elongata had a high frequency of occurrence outside the near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. This is probably mainly due to the difference in sampling technique: in the 1994-2001 period samples were sieved alive, as a result of which small bristle worms such as H. elongata had the opportunity to actively slip through the meshes of the sieve. In both periods a maximum density of 1,200 to 1,600 ind./m2 was reached. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution This species is also reported in the Bahamas.

Generally found between 0 - 50 m in fine sand to gravel. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Hesionura elongata typically occurs in coarse-grained sediments: the maximum relative occurrence (> 30%) is observed in the coarsest sediments on the Belgian part of the North Sea (median grain size 600-650 μm). The mud content of the sediments is 20% maximally: the optimum is reached in sediments with a mud content ranging between 0 and 10%. [details]
 

Feeding Type
predator [details]