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Polychaeta taxon details

Lanice Malmgren, 1866

129697  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129697)

accepted
Genus
Wartelia Giard, 1878 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 379-380 [details]   
Note The type species is Nereis conchilega Pallas...  
From editor or global species database
Type species The type species is Nereis conchilega Pallas 1766 by monotypy. [details]
Etymology Not stated in the original description, uncertain. The name Lanice may be derived from the Latin noun lanitium ot lanicium,...  
Etymology Not stated in the original description, uncertain. The name Lanice may be derived from the Latin noun lanitium ot lanicium, meaning 'wool' and probably making reference to the anterior region of the worm, where the coiled tentacles may resemble a tuft of sheep wool, or it may refer to the historical character Lanice, Alexander's The Great wet-nurse. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta database. Lanice Malmgren, 1866. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129697 on 2021-04-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-03 06:51:11Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-09-20 01:59:56Z
changed
2016-01-28 02:19:35Z
changed
2019-02-26 19:09:14Z
changed
2020-07-17 03:09:42Z
changed

original description Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 379-380 [details]   

original description  (of Wartelia Giard, 1878) Giard, Alfred. (1878). Sur les <i>Wartelia</i>, genre nouveau d'Annélides, considérés à tort comme des embryons de Térébelles. <em>Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris.</em> 86(18): 1147-1149., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4077268
page(s): 1148 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

source of synonymy Jirkov, I.; Leontovich, M. (2017). Review of genera within the Axionice/Pista complex (Polychaeta, Terebellidae), with discussion of the taxonomic definition of other Terebellidae with large lateral lobes. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.</em> 97(05): 911-934., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315417000923
note: synonymy of Lanice and other genera to Axionice was proposed by Jirkov & Leontovich, but has not been implemented here. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Hutchings, Pat A. (2007). New species of deep-sea Terebellidae and Trichobranchidae (Polychaeta) (sedentary species III). <em>Galathea Report.</em> 21: 75-90 [not online as at January 2016]., available online at http://www.zmuc.dk/InverWeb/Galathea/index.html
page(s): 83; note: Table 1 is a tabulation of diagnostic features of all Lanice [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 

From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Prostomium compact. Branchiae, 3 pairs present on segments 2,3 and 4, branchiae branched. Lateral lobes present on peristomium and segment 3. Notopodia present from segment 4, 17 pairs, notosetae smooth-tipped capillaries. Neuropodia from segment 5 (setiger 2), initially uncini arranged in single rows, subsequently arranged back to back in posterior thorax. Neurosetae avicular uncini. Tube with or without branched fine-meshed fan attached to opening. [details]

Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Malmgren (1866: 379-380): "Corpus antice subcylindricum, postice attenuatum. Segmentum buccale antice productum labium magnum fingens, infra et lateraliter lobum cephalicum amplectens. Segmentum tertium lobulo magno verticali utrinque limbatum. Puncta ocularia nulla conspicua. Branchiae paria 3, ramosae arborescentes, stipite breve, ramis elongatis, ramulis brevissimis filiformibus dense obsitis, postice altitudine decrescentes, dorso segmenti secundi tertii et quarti adnatae. Fasciculi setarum capillarium, a segmento quarto, h. e. tertio branchifero, incipientes in 17 segmentis. Setae capillares limbatae, breves, limbo striato. Tori uncinigeri a segmento secundo setigero usque ad postremum corporis obvii. Uncini breves aviculares, vertice bidentato, uniseriales, in segmento septimo uncinigere et novem sequentibus autem biseriales. Scuta ventralia contigua." [details]

Etymology Not stated in the original description, uncertain. The name Lanice may be derived from the Latin noun lanitium ot lanicium, meaning 'wool' and probably making reference to the anterior region of the worm, where the coiled tentacles may resemble a tuft of sheep wool, or it may refer to the historical character Lanice, Alexander's The Great wet-nurse. [details]

Synonymy Due to the sweeping nature of the synonymies proposed by Jirkov & Leontovich (2017) their generic changes have not been implemented at WoRMS - but note that a large number of genera were proposed to be sunk into Axionice, including Lanice. Axionice was described in the same Malmgren article as the better-known Lanice, so it's an arbitrary choice of the senior synonym (if indeed they are synonyms). [details]

Type species The type species is Nereis conchilega Pallas 1766 by monotypy. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
English sandmason worm or sand mason worm  [details]