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Polychaeta taxon details

Sternaspis Otto, 1820

129644  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129644)

accepted
Genus
Sternaspis thalassemoides Otto, 1820 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Sternaspis affinis Stimpson, 1864
Species Sternaspis africana Augener, 1918
Species Sternaspis andamanensis Sendall & Salazar-Vallejo, 2013
Species Sternaspis annenkovae Salazar-Vallejo & Buzhinskaja, 2013
Species Sternaspis britayevi Zhadan, Tzetlin & Salazar-Vallejo, 2017
Species Sternaspis buzhinskajae Salazar-Vallejo, 2014
Species Sternaspis chilensis Diaz-Diaz & Rozbaczylo, 2017
Species Sternaspis chinensis Wu, Salazar-Vallejo & Xu, 2015
Species Sternaspis costata Marenzeller, 1879
Species Sternaspis fossor Stimpson, 1854
  » Subspecies Sternaspis fossor africana Augener, 1918 accepted as Sternaspis africana Augener, 1918 (rank change to full species)
Species Sternaspis islandica Malmgren, 1867
Species Sternaspis liui Wu, Salazar-Vallejo & Xu, 2015
Species Sternaspis maior Chamberlin, 1919
Species Sternaspis maureri Salazar-Vallejo & Buzhinskaja, 2013
Species Sternaspis monroi Salazar-Vallejo, 2014
Species Sternaspis nana Zhadan, Tzetlin & Salazar-Vallejo, 2017
Species Sternaspis papillosa Zhadan, Tzetlin & Salazar-Vallejo, 2017
Species Sternaspis piotrowskiae Salazar-Vallejo, 2014
Species Sternaspis princeps Selenka, 1885
Species Sternaspis radiata Wu & Xu, 2017
Species Sternaspis rietschi Caullery, 1944
Species Sternaspis scutata (Ranzani, 1817)
Species Sternaspis sendalli Salazar-Vallejo, 2014
Species Sternaspis spinosa Sluiter, 1882
Species Sternaspis sunae Wu & Xu, 2017
Species Sternaspis thalassemoides Otto, 1820
Species Sternaspis thorsoni Sendall & Salazar-Vallejo, 2013
Species Sternaspis uschakovi Salazar-Vallejo & Buzhinskaja, 2013
Species Sternaspis williamsae Salazar-Vallejo & Buzhinskaja, 2013
Species Sternaspis wui Wu & Xu, 2017

Species Sternaspis assimilis Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Sternaspis thalassemoides Otto, 1820 (subjective synonym)
Species Sternaspis capillata Nonato, 1966 accepted as Petersenaspis capillata (Nonato, 1966) (superseded original combination)
Species Sternaspis elegans Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821 accepted as Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) elegans (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (Sipuncula, not Polychaeta)
Species Sternaspis laevis Caullery, 1944 accepted as Caulleryaspis laevis (Caullery, 1944) (superseded original combination)
Species Sternaspis major [auct.] accepted as Sternaspis maior Chamberlin, 1919 (lapsus)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Otto, Adolfus Guilielmus. (1820). De Sternaspide thalassemoideo et Siphostomate diplochaito vermibus duobus marinis. [Epistola Gratulatoria quam ad celebrandum diem laetissimum VI Marti MDCCCXX (etc, etc)]. Vratislaviae. pp.16, 2 plates.
page(s): 5; note: This work predates the Otto (1821) variant of the description [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Early nomenclatural history of the type is not...  
Type species Early nomenclatural history of the type is not straighforward. For instance Petersen (2000:318) maintained Otto (1821) renamed Ranzani's Thalassema scutatus as Sternaspis thalassemoides, noting it was "a common practice at that time". This is not obvious from the text, but Otto certainly discusses Ranzani on his pages 626-627. Petersen correctly recognised Otto's new genus's sole described taxon, Sternaspis thalassemoides was the type species, which could not be Thalassema scutatus Ranzani or the earlier (not validly published fide ICZN) Echinorhynchus scutatus (or Echinorinchus scutatus) of Renier, 1807 or 1804, as stated in for example the Hartman catalogue.  [details]
Polychaeta (2018). Sternaspis Otto, 1820. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129644 on 2018-02-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-04-10 05:28:50Z
changed
2016-10-26 22:00:19Z
changed

original description Otto, Adolfus Guilielmus. (1820). De Sternaspide thalassemoideo et Siphostomate diplochaito vermibus duobus marinis. [Epistola Gratulatoria quam ad celebrandum diem laetissimum VI Marti MDCCCXX (etc, etc)]. Vratislaviae. pp.16, 2 plates.
page(s): 5; note: This work predates the Otto (1821) variant of the description [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I. (2014). Three new polar species of Sternaspis Otto, 1821 (Polychaeta: Sternaspidae). Zootaxa. 3861(4): 333-344., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3861.4.3 [details]   

taxonomy source Sendall, Kelly; Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio. 2013. Revision of Sternaspis Otto, 1821 (Polychaeta, Sternaspidae). ZooKeys 286(0): 1-74 [details]   

taxonomy source Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio; Buzhinskaja, Galina. 2013. Six new deep-water sternaspid species (Annelida, Sternaspidae) from the Pacific Ocean. ZooKeys 348(0): 1-27, available online at https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.348.5449 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Otto, A. G. (1821). Animalium maritimorum nondum editorum genera duo. Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum. 10(2): 617-634, Plates 50-51., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37021183 [details]   

additional source Vejdovsky, F. 1882. Untersuchungen über die Anatomie, Physiologie und Entwicklung von Sternaspis. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe 43(2): 33-90, Plates l–10., available online at http://archive.org/stream/denkschriftende01unkngoog#page/n420/mode/2up [details]   

additional source Otto, Adolph W. [as Otto, Adolphus Guilielmus]. (1821). Conspectus animalium quorundam maritimorum nondum editorum. Pars prior. Quam patri dilectissimo ad cineres usque venerando Bernhardo Crristiano [sic] Otto. 1-20. Typis Universitatis, Vratislaviae [no plates]., available online at http://opac.nebis.ch/F/?local_base=NEBIS&CON_LNG=GER&func=find-b&find_code=SYS&request=006471451
page(s): 17 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
From editor or global species database
Type species Early nomenclatural history of the type is not straighforward. For instance Petersen (2000:318) maintained Otto (1821) renamed Ranzani's Thalassema scutatus as Sternaspis thalassemoides, noting it was "a common practice at that time". This is not obvious from the text, but Otto certainly discusses Ranzani on his pages 626-627. Petersen correctly recognised Otto's new genus's sole described taxon, Sternaspis thalassemoides was the type species, which could not be Thalassema scutatus Ranzani or the earlier (not validly published fide ICZN) Echinorhynchus scutatus (or Echinorinchus scutatus) of Renier, 1807 or 1804, as stated in for example the Hartman catalogue.  [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese ウミダルマ  [details]
Sternaspis thalassemoides from Sendall & Salazar Vallejo (2013)
 Sternaspis thalasse...
[image from typetaxon]