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Polychaeta taxon details

Vermiliopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894

129584  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129584)

accepted
Genus
Paravermilia Bush, 1905 (junior synonym)
Subprotula Bush, 1910 (junior synonym)
Vermeliopsis [auct. lapsus] (misspelling of 'Vermiliopsis')
Species Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Vermiliopsis ctenophora (Moore & Bush, 1904)
Species Vermiliopsis cylindrica Pillai, 2009
Species Vermiliopsis fluctuata (Sowerby, 1829) †
Species Vermiliopsis glacialis Monro, 1939
Species Vermiliopsis glandigera Gravier, 1906
Species Vermiliopsis infundibulum (Philippi, 1844)
Species Vermiliopsis labiata (O. G. Costa, 1861)
Species Vermiliopsis leptochaeta Pillai, 1971
Species Vermiliopsis monodiscus Zibrowius, 1968
Species Vermiliopsis multiannulata (Moore, 1923)
Species Vermiliopsis negevensis Vinn & Wilson, 2010 †
Species Vermiliopsis notialis Monro, 1930
Species Vermiliopsis pluriannulata (Moore & Bush, 1904)
Species Vermiliopsis pygidialis (Willey, 1905)
Species Vermiliopsis spirorbis (Langerhans, 1884)
Species Vermiliopsis striaticeps (Grube, 1862)
Species Vermiliopsis zibrowii Nogueira & Abbud, 2009

Species Vermiliopsis dubia (Schmarda, 1861) (taxon inquirendum)
Species Vermiliopsis longiseta (Bush, 1910) (taxon inquirendum)
Species Vermiliopsis producta (Benham, 1927) (taxon inquirendum)

Species Vermiliopsis minuta Straughan, 1967 (nomen dubium)

Species Vermiliopsis infundiburum represented as Vermiliopsis infundibulum (Philippi, 1844)

Species Vermiliopsis acanthophora Augener, 1914 accepted as Metavermilia acanthophora (Augener, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Vermiliopsis agglutinata (Marenzeller, 1893) accepted as Semivermilia agglutinata (Marenzeller, 1893) (superseded recombination)
Species Vermiliopsis amblia (Bush, 1907) accepted as Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Vermiliopsis annulituba (Augener, 1906) accepted as Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Vermiliopsis babylonia Day, 1967 accepted as Pseudovermilia babylonia (Day, 1967)
Species Vermiliopsis bermudensis (Bush, 1907) accepted as Vermiliopsis annulata (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Vermiliopsis biformis Hartman, 1960 accepted as Hyalopomatus biformis (Hartman, 1960) (superseded original combination)
Species Vermiliopsis cornuta Rioja, 1947 accepted as Pseudovermilia occidentalis (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Vermiliopsis crenata (O.G. Costa, 1861) accepted as Semivermilia crenata (O. G. Costa, 1861) (superseded recombination)
Species Vermiliopsis cribrata (O.G. Costa, 1861) accepted as Semivermilia cribrata (O. G. Costa, 1861)
Species Vermiliopsis eliasoni Zibrowius, 1970 accepted as Bathyvermilia eliasoni (Zibrowius, 1970)
Species Vermiliopsis glandigerius [auct. misspelling] accepted as Vermiliopsis glandigera Gravier, 1906 (lapsus by Pixell for V. glandigera)
Species Vermiliopsis glandigerus Gravier, 1906 [original spelling] accepted as Vermiliopsis glandigera Gravier, 1906 (incorrect original spelling (gender agreement))
Species Vermiliopsis globula Dew, 1959 accepted as Neovermilia globula (Dew, 1959)
Species Vermiliopsis hawaiiensis Treadwell, 1943 accepted as Pseudovermilia occidentalis (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Vermiliopsis langerhansi Fauvel, 1909 accepted as Bathyvermilia langerhansi (Fauvel, 1909) (superseded original combination)
Species Vermiliopsis multicristata (Philippi, 1844) accepted as Metavermilia multicristata (Philippi, 1844) (superseded recombination)
Species Vermiliopsis multivaricosa (Mörch, 1863) accepted as Vermiliopsis infundibulum (Philippi, 1844) (superseded recombination)
Species Vermiliopsis nigropileata (Ehlers, 1900) accepted as Hyalopomatus nigropileatus (Ehlers, 1900) (superseded recombination)
Species Vermiliopsis occidentalis (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Pseudovermilia occidentalis (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded recombination)
Species Vermiliopsis pomatostegoides Zibrowius, 1970 accepted as Semivermilia pomatostegoides (Zibrowius, 1969) (superseded original combination)
Species Vermiliopsis prampramiana Augener, 1918 accepted as Filogranella prampramiana (Augener, 1918) (superseded original combination)
Species Vermiliopsis richardi Fauvel, 1909 accepted as Vermiliopsis labiata (O. G. Costa, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Vermiliopsis rugosa (Langerhans, 1884) accepted as Semivermilia torulosa (Delle Chiaje, 1822) (subjective synonym)
Species Vermiliopsis sphaeropomatus (Benham, 1927) accepted as Neovermilia sphaeropomatus (Benham, 1927) (superseded recombination)
Species Vermiliopsis torquata Treadwell, 1943 accepted as Vermiliopsis multiannulata (Moore, 1923) (subjective synonym)
Species Vermiliopsis torulosa (Delle Chiaje, 1822) accepted as Semivermilia torulosa (Delle Chiaje, 1822) (superseded recombination)
Species Vermiliopsis undulata Zibrowius, 1968 accepted as Semivermilia crenata (O. G. Costa, 1861) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Saint-Joseph, Arthur d’Anthoine de. (1894). Les Annélides polychètes des côtes de Dinard. Troisième Partie. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris, Série 7. 17: 1-395, plates I-XIII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35662416
page(s): 262; note: Introduced as a new genus in a key plus a footnote [details]   
Taxonomy As early as 1776 a summary description of Serpula infundibulum was given by Martini (1776: 359, pl. 12 fig. 1). “Serpula...  
Taxonomy As early as 1776 a summary description of Serpula infundibulum was given by Martini (1776: 359, pl. 12 fig. 1). “Serpula Infundibulum. Tubulus vermicularis testaceus, in formâ infundibulorum triplici gyro convolutus”. From his description and figure it is impossible to decide whether this tube belongs to the genus Serpula s.str., Vermiliopsis s.str., or Dasynema. His material “a nice group of Eastindian seatophus [= tuff] obtained in an auction” apparently has been lost, it was not found in the musea in Copenhagen and Berlin where some of Martini's mollusks still are. The species was subsequently mentioned by various authors (e.g., Gmelin 1791, Lamarck 1818, Philippi 1844, Chenu 1842–55), generally miscited as S. infundibulum Gm., although Gmelin explicitly refers to Martini in his 13th edition of Systema Naturae. Mörch (1863: 389) apparently thought that Philippi's (1844: 193) “Vermilia infundibulum Gm.” was not the same as Martini's species, since he proposed a new name Vermilia multivaricosa Mörch for Philippi's and other Mediterranean records of this nominal species. Unfortunately Mörch does not give reasons why, and except for a listing as extant species (p. 453) Serpula infundibulum Martini is not discussed further by him, though he reidentified some other “Serpula infundibulum” as vermetid or probable Hydroides species. Although Vermilia multivaricosa has been used in the literature about 20 times, the great majority (150 records) of the authors still used the name Vermiliopsis infundibulum, generally attributed to Philippi (1844), probably to indicate that they wanted to confine the name to Mediterranean-Lusitanian material. Saint-Joseph (1894: 262) erected a new genus Vermiliopsis to contain a number of Vermilia species, the first he included was Vermilia multivaricosa Mörch, 1863. This species was subsequently formally designated as type species of the genus Vermiliopsis by Bush (1905: 223), in line with Saint-Joseph's intentions. Apparently both the genus Vermiliopsis and the species infundibulum are ill-defined, and designation of a neotype is unavoidable. The binomen Vermiliopsis infundibulum generally has been used for Mediterranean-Lusitanian forms, which has been followed here by attributing its authorship to Philippi (see ten Hove & Kupriyanova 2009: 100). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Vermiliopsis Saint-Joseph, 1894. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129584 on 2018-04-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-03-13 07:45:24Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2010-05-16 08:49:33Z
changed
2016-06-02 01:46:31Z
changed

original description Saint-Joseph, Arthur d’Anthoine de. (1894). Les Annélides polychètes des côtes de Dinard. Troisième Partie. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris, Série 7. 17: 1-395, plates I-XIII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35662416
page(s): 262; note: Introduced as a new genus in a key plus a footnote [details]   

original description  (ofSubprotula Bush, 1910) Bush, Katharine J. (1910). Description of new serpulids from Bermuda with notes on known forms from adjacent regions. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 62: 490-501, plate 36 (separate from text)., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/26294605
page(s): 493 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofParavermilia Bush, 1905) Bush, K.J. (1905). Tubicolous annelids of the tribes Sabellides and Serpulides from the Pacific Ocean. Harriman Alaska Expedition. 12: 169-346, plates XXI-XLIV., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/71821#page/189/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Hove, Harry A. ten.; Kupriyanova, Elena K. (2009). Taxonomy of Serpulidae (Annelida, Polychaeta): The state of affairs. Zootaxa. 2036: 1-126., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/issue/view/2173
page(s): 100 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofSubprotula Bush, 1910) Hove, Harry A. ten.; Kupriyanova, Elena K. (2009). Taxonomy of Serpulidae (Annelida, Polychaeta): The state of affairs. Zootaxa. 2036: 1-126., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/issue/view/2173
page(s): 102 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofParavermilia Bush, 1905) Hove, Harry A. ten 1975. Serpulinae (Polychaeta) from the Caribbean: III - the genus Pseudovermilia. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands, 47: 46-101.
page(s): 57 [details]   

basis of record  (ofVermeliopsis [auct. lapsus]) Breitburg, D. L. (1984). Residual effects of grazing: inhibition of competition recruitment by encrusting coralline algae. Ecology. 65(4): 1136-1143. [details]   
From editor or global species database
Grammatical gender ICZN article 30.1.2 examples state that genus names ending in -opsis are feminine. It is difficult to determine what Saint-Joseph (p.262) intended with his initial usage as he does not give included species with names as new combinations, but the Vermilia names he mentions as belonging to Vermiliopsis already have feminine endings. Thus an intention to continue feminine gender seems likely.  [details]

Taxonomy As early as 1776 a summary description of Serpula infundibulum was given by Martini (1776: 359, pl. 12 fig. 1). “Serpula Infundibulum. Tubulus vermicularis testaceus, in formâ infundibulorum triplici gyro convolutus”. From his description and figure it is impossible to decide whether this tube belongs to the genus Serpula s.str., Vermiliopsis s.str., or Dasynema. His material “a nice group of Eastindian seatophus [= tuff] obtained in an auction” apparently has been lost, it was not found in the musea in Copenhagen and Berlin where some of Martini's mollusks still are. The species was subsequently mentioned by various authors (e.g., Gmelin 1791, Lamarck 1818, Philippi 1844, Chenu 1842–55), generally miscited as S. infundibulum Gm., although Gmelin explicitly refers to Martini in his 13th edition of Systema Naturae. Mörch (1863: 389) apparently thought that Philippi's (1844: 193) “Vermilia infundibulum Gm.” was not the same as Martini's species, since he proposed a new name Vermilia multivaricosa Mörch for Philippi's and other Mediterranean records of this nominal species. Unfortunately Mörch does not give reasons why, and except for a listing as extant species (p. 453) Serpula infundibulum Martini is not discussed further by him, though he reidentified some other “Serpula infundibulum” as vermetid or probable Hydroides species. Although Vermilia multivaricosa has been used in the literature about 20 times, the great majority (150 records) of the authors still used the name Vermiliopsis infundibulum, generally attributed to Philippi (1844), probably to indicate that they wanted to confine the name to Mediterranean-Lusitanian material. Saint-Joseph (1894: 262) erected a new genus Vermiliopsis to contain a number of Vermilia species, the first he included was Vermilia multivaricosa Mörch, 1863. This species was subsequently formally designated as type species of the genus Vermiliopsis by Bush (1905: 223), in line with Saint-Joseph's intentions. Apparently both the genus Vermiliopsis and the species infundibulum are ill-defined, and designation of a neotype is unavoidable. The binomen Vermiliopsis infundibulum generally has been used for Mediterranean-Lusitanian forms, which has been followed here by attributing its authorship to Philippi (see ten Hove & Kupriyanova 2009: 100). [details]