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Polychaeta taxon details

Pectinaria Lamarck, 1818

129437  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129437)

accepted
Genus
Nereis cylindraria belgica Pallas, 1766 accepted as Pectinaria belgica (Pallas, 1766) (type by subsequent designation)
Cistena Leach, 1816 (subjective senior synonym, but was suppressed to maintain use of Pectinaria due to ICZN Opinion 1225)
Pectinaria (Pectinaria) Lamarck, 1818 (disused nominal subgenus rank)
Species Pectinaria aegyptia (Savigny, 1822)
Species Pectinaria antipoda Schmarda, 1861
Species Pectinaria belgica (Pallas, 1766)
Species Pectinaria bifurcata Blainville, 1828
Species Pectinaria brevispinis Grube, 1878
Species Pectinaria californiensis Hartman, 1941
Species Pectinaria capensis (Pallas, 1766)
Species Pectinaria carnosa Wong & Hutchings, 2015
Species Pectinaria chilensis Nilsson, 1928
Species Pectinaria clava Grube, 1878
Species Pectinaria conchilega Grube, 1878
Species Pectinaria dimai Zachs, 1933
Species Pectinaria dodeka Hutchings & Peart, 2002
Species Pectinaria gouldii (Verrill, 1874)
Species Pectinaria hartmanae (Reish, 1968)
Species Pectinaria hiuchiensis Kitamori, 1965
Species Pectinaria incerta (Chenu, 1842)
Species Pectinaria kanabinos Hutchings & Peart, 2002
Species Pectinaria kiiensis Katto, 1977 †
Species Pectinaria nana Wesenberg-Lund, 1949
Species Pectinaria ningalooensis Zhang & Hutchings, 2019
Species Pectinaria panava Willey, 1905
Species Pectinaria papillosa Caullery, 1944
Species Pectinaria parvibranchis Grube, 1878
Species Pectinaria profunda Caullery, 1944
Species Pectinaria regalis Verrill, 1901
Species Pectinaria torquata Zhang & Qiu, 2017

Species Pectinaria nigrescens Risso, 1826 (nomen dubium, indeterminable)

Subgenus Pectinaria (Amphictene) (Savigny, 1822) represented as Amphictene Savigny, 1822 (disused rank)
Subgenus Pectinaria (Cistenides) (Malmgren, 1866) represented as Cistenides Malmgren, 1866 (disused rank)
Subgenus Pectinaria (Lagis) (Malmgren, 1866) represented as Lagis Malmgren, 1866 (disused rank)
  » Species Pectinaria (Lagis) abranchiata Fauvel, 1932 accepted as Lagis abranchiata (Fauvel, 1932) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Pectinaria (Lagis) australis Ehlers, 1904 accepted as Lagis australis (Ehlers, 1904) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Pectinaria (Lagis) dubia Webster, 1879 accepted as Cistenides gouldii Verrill, 1873 (subjective synonym)
  » Species Pectinaria (Lagis) hupferi Nilsson, 1928 accepted as Lagis hupferi (Nilsson, 1928) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Pectinaria (Lagis) koreni (Malmgren, 1866) accepted as Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866 (supersed recombination)
  » Species Pectinaria (Lagis) neapolitana (Claparède, 1869) accepted as Lagis neapolitana (Claparède, 1869) (superseded subsequent combination)
  » Species Pectinaria (Lagis) pseudokoreni Day, 1955 accepted as Lagis pseudokoreni (Day, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Pectinaria (Petta) (Malmgren, 1866) represented as Petta Malmgren, 1866 (disused rank)
  » Species Pectinaria (Petta) pellucida Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Petta pellucida (Ehlers, 1887) (superseded original combination)
Species Pectinaria auricoma (O.F. Müller, 1776) represented as Pectinaria (Amphictene) auricoma (O.F. Müller, 1776) represented as Amphictene auricoma (O.F. Müller, 1776)
Species Pectinaria granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Cistenides granulata (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Pectinaria hyperborea (Malmgren, 1866) represented as Cistenides hyperborea Malmgren, 1866
Species Pectinaria koreni (Malmgren, 1866) represented as Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866

Subgenus Pectinaria (Pectinaria) Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Pectinaria Lamarck, 1818 (disused nominal subgenus rank)
  » Species Pectinaria (Pectinaria) belgica (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Pectinaria belgica (Pallas, 1766) (superseded nominal subgenus)
  » Species Pectinaria (Pectinaria) californiensis Hartman, 1941 accepted as Pectinaria californiensis Hartman, 1941 (superseded nominal subgenus)
  » Species Pectinaria (Pectinaria) hartmanae Reish, 1968 accepted as Pectinaria hartmanae (Reish, 1968) (superseded original combination)
Species Pectinaria australis Ehlers, 1904 accepted as Lagis australis (Ehlers, 1904) (superseded re-ranking)
Species Pectinaria belgica (Pallas, 1766), sensu Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Pectinaria belgica (Pallas, 1766) (misidentification validated fide ICZN Opinion 1225)
Species Pectinaria bocki Hessle, 1917 accepted as Lagis bocki (Hessle, 1917) (superseded original combination|comb. nov.)
Species Pectinaria brevicoma Johnson, 1901 accepted as Cistenides brevicoma (Johnson, 1901) (superseded original combination)
Species Pectinaria carnosus Wong & Hutchings, 2015 accepted as Pectinaria carnosa Wong & Hutchings, 2015 (original misspelling of carnosa for mandatory gender agreement)
Species Pectinaria castanea Risso, 1826 accepted as Lagis neapolitana (Claparède, 1869) (subjective synonym or incertae sedis)
Species Pectinaria catharinensis Grube, 1870 accepted as Amphictene catharinensis (Grube, 1870) (superseded original combination)
Species Pectinaria crassa Grube, 1870 accepted as Amphictene crassa (Grube, 1870) (superseded original combination)
Species Pectinaria ehlersi Hessle, 1917 accepted as Cistenides ehlersi (Hessle, 1917) (superseded original combination)
Species Pectinaria gouldi (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Pectinaria gouldii (Verrill, 1874) (spelling and publication date)
Species Pectinaria groenlandica Grube, 1850 accepted as Cistenides granulata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
Species Pectinaria leioscapha Caullery, 1944 accepted as Amphictene leioscapha (Caullery, 1944) (superseded original combination)
Species Pectinaria longispinis Grube, 1878 accepted as Lagis bocki (Hessle, 1917) (subjective synonym)
Species Pectinaria malmgreni Grube, 1870 accepted as Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Pectinaria neapolitana Claparède, 1869 accepted as Lagis neapolitana (Claparède, 1869) (superseded original combination)
Species Pectinaria pseudokoreni Day, 1955 accepted as Lagis pseudokoreni (Day, 1955) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Pectinaria robusta Levinsen, 1883 accepted as Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Lamarck, J.B. (1818). [volume 5 of] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> vol 5: 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 348 [details]   
Note Type species Nereis cylindraria belgica Pallas...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species Nereis cylindraria belgica Pallas 1766, by a subsequent designation, probably by Hartman (1941:325), not Hartman (1959) as stated in Hutchings & Peart (2002), but Hartman could also have been copying an earlier author (as is often the case for her catalogue types of genera). [details]
Etymology Not stated. However, Lamarck does describe "pectinibus duobus paleaceis auratis", which means approximately "with two...  
Etymology Not stated. However, Lamarck does describe "pectinibus duobus paleaceis auratis", which means approximately "with two golden combs of paleae" in reference to the anterior chaetae. Almost all authors have treated the name as feminine, and this is in accord with the adjective, pectinarius, a um, (see Lewis & Short Latin Dictionary) meaning of or belonging to combs. Used as a genus as Pectinaria it must be treated as a feminine noun form. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Pectinaria Lamarck, 1818. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129437 on 2019-10-19
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-12-16 20:46:06Z
changed
2018-10-10 21:56:09Z
changed

original description Lamarck, J.B. (1818). [volume 5 of] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> vol 5: 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 348 [details]   

original description  (of Cistena Leach, 1816) Leach, W.E. (1816). Annulosa. In: Encyclopedia Britannica, supplement to the fourth, fifth and sixth editions 1:401-453, pls. 20-26. (vi-1816)
page(s): 452 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Nielsen, Claus; Kirkegaard, Jorgen B. (1978). Amended proposal for validating Pectinaria Lamarck, 1818 under the plenary powers. N.Z. (S.) 2202. <em>Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.</em> 35(1): 25-29., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12226606 [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

status source International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). (1982). OPINION 1225: Pectinaria Lamarck, 1818, Nereis cylindraria belgica Pallas, 1766 and Lagis koreni Malmgren, 1866 (Polychaeta): conserved. <em>Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.</em> 39(3): 186-191., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12228099 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Nishi, E.; Matsuo, K.; Kazama-Wakabayashi, M.; Mori, A.; Tomioka, S.; Kajihara, H.; Hamaguchi, M.; Kajihara, N.; Hutchings, P. A. (2014). Partial revision of Japanese Pectinariidae (Annelida: Polychaeta), including redescriptions of poorly known species. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3895(3): 433-445., available online at http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3895.3.8 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Hutchings, Patricia A.; Peart, Rachael. (2002). A Review of the genera of Pectinariidae (Polychaeta) together with a description of the Australian Fauna. <em>Records of the Australian Museum,.</em> 54(1): 99-127., available online at http://doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.54.2002.1356 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 

From editor or global species database
Authority There is unnecessary confusion in literature over the authorship of Amphictene and Pectinaria. The original texts should be consulted. Although there are taxa where Lamarck appears to usurp Savigny's unpublished work, this is one case where Lamarck and Savigny are independent. It is clear that Lamarck (1818) authored Pectinaria and Savigny (1822) authored Amphictene. The respective texts are not at all the same. Savigny creates a detailed taxonomic structure of the genus with two tribes (tribu) for three species. Lamarck does not mention Amphictene or Savigny, but Savigny mentions Pectinaria (as P. belgica), but he gives an incorrect literature reference to it. Hutchings & Peart (2002:102) in their review are incorrect in their statement that "because Savigny actually made the description, we therefore quote it as Savigny in Lamarck, 1818", and they thus also have the authorships wrongly reversed when they attribute Amphictene to Lamarck. Savigny is the author. Earlier Hartman (1959) catalogue apparently attributes both to Savigny, although note that confusingly her bibliography reference is actually to the 1818 work of Lamarck. Hartman (1941:325) previously had the authorships correctly assigned as Amphictene Savigny, and Pectinaria Lamarck [details]

Diagnosis Cephalic veil free, rim cirrate,13 biramous chaetigers. From Zhang & Hutchings (2019): "Cephalic veil completely free from operculum. Rim of cephalic veil with numerous long cirri. Dorsal and lateral margin of semicircular operculum smooth. Ventral margin of operculum with numerous notopodial paleae on each side. Comb-like branchiae present on segments 3–4. Notopodia other than those of segment 1, which bear paleae, on segments 5–21 (17 pairs). Neuropodia, 13 pairs on segments 8–20 with transverse tori, with row of uncini. Uncini with more than one longitudinal rows of major teeth. Scaphe flattened dorsally with anal flap and distinctly separate from posterior segments.  [details]

Etymology Not stated. However, Lamarck does describe "pectinibus duobus paleaceis auratis", which means approximately "with two golden combs of paleae" in reference to the anterior chaetae. Almost all authors have treated the name as feminine, and this is in accord with the adjective, pectinarius, a um, (see Lewis & Short Latin Dictionary) meaning of or belonging to combs. Used as a genus as Pectinaria it must be treated as a feminine noun form. [details]

Grammatical gender Pectinaria is feminine in its formation and has been treated as feminine since first used. [details]

Publication date Lamarck (1818:349) appears to claim he had previously published Pectinaria on p.96 of his 1812 work "Extrait du cours ...", and Malmgren (1866:355) accepted that date for the genus when he included Cistena (Leach, 1816) as a synonym of Pectinaria. However, Lamarck (1812) had only an undefined "Pectinaire" in a list of four names of tubicolous polychaetes, contrasted with solid-tubed worms (serpulids, etc). Lucas & Holthius (1975: 85) comment that "Pectinaire, apart from being a vernacular name, is also a nomen nudum, and for either of these reasons unavailable. There cannot be the least doubt, therefore, that Pectinaria dates from Lamarck, 1818."  [details]

Type species Type species Nereis cylindraria belgica Pallas 1766, by a subsequent designation, probably by Hartman (1941:325), not Hartman (1959) as stated in Hutchings & Peart (2002), but Hartman could also have been copying an earlier author (as is often the case for her catalogue types of genera). [details]