About | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Search literature | Specimens | Distribution | Checklist | Stats | Log in

Polychaeta taxon details

Cirratulus Lamarck, 1818

129243  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129243)

accepted
Genus
Archidice Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Cirrhatula [auct. lapsus] (misspelling variant for Cirratulus)
Cirrhatulus [auct. lapsus] (misspelling variant for Cirratulus)
Promenia Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus abranchiatus Hansen, 1878
Species Cirratulus abyssorum Hansen, 1878
Species Cirratulus africanus Gravier, 1906
Species Cirratulus annamensis Gallardo, 1968
Species Cirratulus assimilis McIntosh, 1885
Species Cirratulus australis Quatrefages, 1866
Species Cirratulus balaenophilus Taboada, Doner, Blake & Avila, 2012
Species Cirratulus blainvillei Grube, 1855
Species Cirratulus branchioculatus Chlebovitsch, 1959
Species Cirratulus caudatus Levinsen, 1893
Species Cirratulus cingulatus Johnson, 1901
Species Cirratulus cirratus (O. F. Müller, 1776)
Species Cirratulus concinnus Ehlers, 1908
Species Cirratulus dillonensis Blake, 1996
Species Cirratulus elongatus Treadwell, 1901
Species Cirratulus exuberans Chamberlin, 1919
Species Cirratulus fuscescens Johnston, 1825
Species Cirratulus gilchristi Day, 1961
Species Cirratulus glandularis (Langerhans, 1884)
Species Cirratulus grandis
Species Cirratulus hedgpethi Hartman, 1951
Species Cirratulus incertus McIntosh, 1916
Species Cirratulus indicus Day, 1973
Species Cirratulus jucundus (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Cirratulus longicephalus Imajima, 1964
Species Cirratulus medusa Johnston, 1833
Species Cirratulus megalus Chamberlin, 1919
Species Cirratulus mianzanii Saracho Bottero, Elias & Magalhães, 2017
Species Cirratulus miniatus Schmarda, 1861
Species Cirratulus multioculatus (Hartman, 1961)
Species Cirratulus obscurus Quatrefages, 1866
Species Cirratulus pallidus Grube, 1872
Species Cirratulus parafiliformis Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989
Species Cirratulus parvus Moore, 1906
Species Cirratulus patagonicus (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Cirratulus revillagigedoensis Rioja, 1961
Species Cirratulus robustus Johnson, 1901
Species Cirratulus serratus Hartmann-Schröder, 1974
Species Cirratulus sinincolens Chamberlin, 1919
Species Cirratulus spectabilis (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Cirratulus tumbesiensis Carrasco, 1977
Species Cirratulus wladislavi Buzhinskaja, 1985
Species Cirratulus zebuensis McIntosh, 1885

Species Cirratulus flavescens Grube, 1872 (taxon inquirendum, unreplaced junior primary homonym to Cirratulus flavescens Johnston, 1825)
Species Cirratulus longisetis Möbius, 1874 (taxon inquirendum, possibly a Chaetozone)

Species Cirratulus norvegicus [sensu McIntosh, 1911] (nomen dubium, recombined & alternate spelling usage of Audouinia norwegica)

Subgenus Cirratulus (Audouinia) (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Cirriformia Hartman, 1936 (superseded alternate representation of replaced homonym)
  » Species Cirratulus (Audouinia) capillaris Verrill, 1900 accepted as Cirriformia capillaris (Verrill, 1900) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Cirratulus (Audouinia) websteri Verrill, 1900 accepted as Cirriformia capillaris (Verrill, 1900) (subjective synonym)
Subgenus Cirratulus (Cirrinereis) [auct. lapsus] accepted as Cirrhineris Blainville, 1828 (variant spelling of Cirrhineris as subgenus)
  » Species Cirratulus (Cirrinereis) nuchalis Ehlers, 1907 accepted as Protocirrineris nuchalis (Ehlers, 1907) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus afer Ehlers, 1908 accepted as Cirriformia afer (Ehlers, 1908) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus anchylochaetus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Timarete anchylochaeta (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus antarcticus Monro, 1930 accepted as Timarete antarcticus (Monro, 1930) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus atrocollaris Grube, 1877 accepted as Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus australis Blanchard in Gay, 1849 accepted as Cirriformia filigera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus australis Stimpson, 1856 accepted as Cirriformia capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus bioculatus Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Caulleriella bioculata (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
Species Cirratulus borealis Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Cirratulus cirratus (O. F. Müller, 1776) (unnecessary replacement name)
Species Cirratulus branchiatus Treadwell, 1936 accepted as Cirriformia chefooensis (Grube, 1877) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus capensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Cirriformia capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus chefocensis Grube, 1877 accepted as Cirriformia chefooensis (Grube, 1877) (superseded original combination, misspelling for 'chefooensis')
Species Cirratulus chiajei Marenzeller, 1887 accepted as Cirriformia filigera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus chrysoderma Claparède, 1868 accepted as Protocirrineris chrysoderma (Claparède, 1868) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus cincinnatus Bobretzky, 1868 accepted as Cirriformia filigera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus comosus Marenzeller, 1879 accepted as Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus complanatus Willey, 1905 accepted as Timarete dasylophius (Marenzeller, 1879) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus cylindricus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Timarete anchylochaeta (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus danielseni Hansen, 1882 accepted as Timarete caribous (Grube, 1859) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus dasylophius accepted as Timarete dasylophius (Marenzeller, 1879) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus dollfusi Fauvel, 1928 accepted as Fauvelicirratulus dollfusi (Fauvel, 1928) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus dorsobranchialis Kirkegaard, 1959 accepted as Kirkegaardia dorsobranchialis (Kirkegaard, 1959) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus filicornis Grube, 1872 accepted as Aphelochaeta filiformis (Keferstein, 1862)
Species Cirratulus filiformis Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Aphelochaeta filiformis (Keferstein, 1862) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus flavescens Johnston, 1825 accepted as Cirratulus cirratus (O. F. Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus fragilis Leidy, 1855 accepted as Caulleriella fragilis (Leidy, 1855) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus fuscus (Grube, 1873) accepted as Cirrineris (Protocirrineris) fusca Grube, 1873 (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Cirratulus gibbosus Moore, 1903 accepted as Timarete gibbosa (Moore, 1903) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus inhamatus Treadwell, 1937 accepted as Tharyx multifilis Moore, 1909 accepted as Aphelochaeta multifilis (Moore, 1909) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus lamarckii Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1834 accepted as Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus luxuriosus Moore, 1904 accepted as Timarete luxuriosa (Moore, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus mcintoshi Southern, 1914 accepted as Tharyx mcintoshi (Southern, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus melanacanthus Grube, 1872 accepted as Timarete caribous (Grube, 1859) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus multicirratus Treadwell, 1936 accepted as Cirriformia punctata (Grube, 1859) accepted as Timarete punctata (Grube, 1859) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus niger Hartman, 1939 accepted as Cirriformia punctata (Grube, 1859) accepted as Timarete punctata (Grube, 1859) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus nigromaculatus Treadwell, 1901 accepted as Cirriformia punctata (Grube, 1859) accepted as Timarete punctata (Grube, 1859) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus nuchalis (Ehlers, 1907) accepted as Protocirrineris nuchalis (Ehlers, 1907) (superseded alternate representation)
Species Cirratulus pallidus Treadwell, 1931 accepted as Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus polytrichus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Timarete polytricha (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus semicincta Ehlers, 1905 accepted as Cirriformia semicincta (Ehlers, 1905) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus spirabranchus Moore, 1904 accepted as Cirriformia spirabranchia (Moore, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) accepted as Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (superseded recombination)
Species Cirratulus tenuis Verrill, 1873 accepted as Cirratulus grandis (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus tenuis Webster, 1884 accepted as Cirriformia capillaris (Verrill, 1900) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus tenuisetis Grube, 1860 accepted as Protocirrineris tenuisetis (Grube, 1860) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus tesselatus McIntosh, 1911 accepted as Aphelochaeta filiformis (Keferstein, 1862) (subjective synonym)
Species Cirratulus tortugaensis Augener, 1922 accepted as Cirriformia tortugaensis (Augener, 1922) (superseded original combination)
Species Cirratulus viridis Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Caulleriella viridis (Langerhans, 1881) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Lamarck, J.B. (1818). Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 303 [details]   
Note Lumbricus cirratus O. F. Müller 1776 as in...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Lumbricus cirratus O. F. Müller 1776 as in Fauchald, 1977:29. Lamarck appears to rename Lumbricus cirratus [he credits Fabricius's Fauna Groenland with the authorship] as Cirratulus borealis, but this is not valid unless Müller's species name required replacing. C. borealis Lamarck, 1818 is an unnecessary replacement name and thus an objective synonym of Cirratulus cirratus.

As a side issue if Lamarck's specimens could be relocated this matter of C. borealis sensu Lamarck may need revisting. A note in Blake 1996:347 indicates Mary Petersen had determined “C. borealis Lamarck 1818 is distinct from Lumbricus cirratus …”, and earlier Petersen (1991:abstract only) had stated that "Cirratulus borealis Lamarck is considered distinct; it differs from C. cirratus (0. F. Muller) in having two branchiae per segment throughout rather than just anterior." However, it is unknown what relevant material was used for this observation. It would need to be associated with Lamarck, but there is no 'borealis' type at the MNHN according to Solis-Weiss et al's (2004) catalogue [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Cirratulus Lamarck, 1818. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129243 on 2018-11-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-07-20 22:26:43Z
changed

original description Lamarck, J.B. (1818). Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 303 [details]   

original description  (ofPromenia Kinberg, 1866) Kinberg, J. G. H. (1866). Annulata Nova. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 254 [details]   

original description  (ofArchidice Kinberg, 1866) Kinberg, J. G. H. (1866). Annulata Nova. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 255 [details]   

taxonomy source Blake, J.A. 1996. Family Cirratulidae Ryckholdt, 1851. Including a revision of the genera and species from the eastern North Pacific. pages 263-384. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul H. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 6 - The Annelida Part 3. Polychaeta: Orbiniidae to Cossuridae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara
page(s): 347 [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   
From editor or global species database
Publication date Hartman's catalogue (1959:402) incorrectly dated Cirratulus as in Lamarck 1801 because she linked the wrong Lamarck work to a subsequent usage in Audouin & Milne Edwards (1833:407). Blake (1996:347) correctly dates Cirratulus as Lamarck, 1818. Lamarck (1801) has no cirratulids. [details]

Type species Lumbricus cirratus O. F. Müller 1776 as in Fauchald, 1977:29. Lamarck appears to rename Lumbricus cirratus [he credits Fabricius's Fauna Groenland with the authorship] as Cirratulus borealis, but this is not valid unless Müller's species name required replacing. C. borealis Lamarck, 1818 is an unnecessary replacement name and thus an objective synonym of Cirratulus cirratus.

As a side issue if Lamarck's specimens could be relocated this matter of C. borealis sensu Lamarck may need revisting. A note in Blake 1996:347 indicates Mary Petersen had determined “C. borealis Lamarck 1818 is distinct from Lumbricus cirratus …”, and earlier Petersen (1991:abstract only) had stated that "Cirratulus borealis Lamarck is considered distinct; it differs from C. cirratus (0. F. Muller) in having two branchiae per segment throughout rather than just anterior." However, it is unknown what relevant material was used for this observation. It would need to be associated with Lamarck, but there is no 'borealis' type at the MNHN according to Solis-Weiss et al's (2004) catalogue [details]